Mata'afa is a high chief title in Samoa under the country's Matai system of socio-political governance where individuals are bestowed with family names. The historical seat of the Mata'afa title is in Amaile in the Atua district at the east end of Upolu island.
The title was vacant from 1977 (with the death of Mata'afa Fa'asuamaleaui Pu'ela Patu) to May 2011, when it was bestowed upon Mata'afa Tupuola Lui, "an 83 year old village chief of Amaile village". After his death in 2014, the title again fell vacant.
Holders of the Mata'afa title include;
- Mata'afa Iosefo (1832–1912), a rival for the 'kingship' of Samoa during the country's colonial era.
- Mata'afa Faumuina Fiame Mulinu'u I (died 1948), a leader of Samoa's pro-independence Mau movement.
- Was married to a daughter of high chief Malietoa Laupepa.
- Fiame Mata'afa Faumuina Mulinu’u II (1921–1975), son of Mata'afa Faumuina Fiame Mulinu'u I. First Prime Minister of Samoa.
Mata'afa Iosefo (1832 - 1912)
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- Fa'amatai, chieflty system of Samoa.
- Tupua Tamasese
- Tui Manu'a
- German Samoa
- History of Samoa
- Politics of Samoa
-  Tradition versus democracy in the South Pacific: Fiji, Tonga, and Western Samoa by Stephanie Lawson, p. 146
- Fana'afi Le Tagaloa, Aiono (1986). Western Samoa the Sacred Covenant. Land rights of Pacific women. University of the South Pacific;Institute of Pacific Studies. p. 103. ISBN 982-02-0012-1. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
- Meleisea, Malama (1987). The Making of Modern Samoa. University of the South Pacific. p. 54. ISBN 982-02-0031-8. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- "Mata'afa paramount title in Samoa bestowed on 83 year old village chief". Radio New Zealand International. 29 May 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- "Tui Atua Mata'afa Tupuola Lui Iosefo R.I.P". 4 November 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
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