Mata Gujri

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Mata Gujri
SpouseGuru Tegh Bahadur
ChildrenGuru Gobind Singh
ParentsBhai Lal Chand Subikkhi (father)
Bishan Kaur (mother)

Mata Gujri (1624–1705), also known as Mata Gujari, was the wife of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, and the mother of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhism.


Mata Gujri was born to Bhāī Lāl Chand, a Subhikkhī Khatri[1] and Bishan Kaur, who lived at Kartarpur. Her native village was Lakhnaur Sahib, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) south of Ambala in Haryana, where the road from Ambala to popular pilgrimage site of Gurudawara Lakhnaur Sahib was named after her by the BJP Government of Haryana in 2017.[2]

She married Guru Tegh Bahadur at Kartarpur on 4 February 1633 and joined her husband's family in Amritsar. In 1635 the family moved to Kiratpur and, on the death in 1644 of Guru Tegh Bahadur's father, Guru Hargobind, Mata Gujri moved with her husband and mother-in-law, Mata Nanaki, to Bakala, near Amritsar.[3]

Soon after he was installed as Guru in 1664, Guru Tegh Bahadur founded a new village, which he called Chakk Nanaki, after his mother. The place, now a city, is now known as Anandpur Sahib. Not long after this, the Guru set out on a long journey, leaving his wife and mother-in-law at Patna.

On 22 December 1666 Mata Gujri gave birth to Gobind Rai, who later became Guru Gobind Singh.[3]


  1. ^ Surjit Singh Gandhi (2007). History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C.E. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 619. ISBN 978-81-269-0858-5. ...Gujri, the daughter of Lal Chand, a Subhikhi Khatri of Lakhnaur near Ambala who had migrated and settled at Kartarpur.
  2. ^ Praveen Arora, "Varsity to be named after Guru Gobind Singh, says Khattar", The Tribune, 12 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b Banerjee, A. C. "GUJARĪ, MĀTĀ (1624-1705)". Encyclopaedia of Sikhism. Punjabi University Patiala. Retrieved 30 March 2016.