Mata Paludosa Biological Reserve

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Mata Paludosa Biological Reserve
Reserva Biológica Estadual Mata Paludosa
Map showing the location of Mata Paludosa Biological Reserve
Map showing the location of Mata Paludosa Biological Reserve
Nearest city Arroio do Sal, Rio Grande do Sul
Coordinates 29°30′32″S 50°06′50″W / 29.509°S 50.114°W / -29.509; -50.114Coordinates: 29°30′32″S 50°06′50″W / 29.509°S 50.114°W / -29.509; -50.114
Area 113 hectares (280 acres)
Designation Biological reserve
Created 23 October 1998
Administrator ICMBio

Mata Paludosa Biological Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Biológica Estadual Mata Paludosa) is a state biological reserve in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Location[edit]

The reserve, with 113 hectares (280 acres) in the municipality of Terra de Areia, was created on 23 October 1998. The purpose was full protection of its natural resources, especially examples of the forest fauna and flora in the remnant of Atlantic Forest. The reserve was in two parts, one west and the other east of highway RS-486.[1]

Administration was assigned to the State Secretariat of Agriculture and Supply.[1] The reserve was transferred to the municipality of Itati. On 13 September 2012 the reserve was expanded to include new areas of great environmental interest, to include springs on the slope area, and to adjust to the new route of the Rota do Sol highway.[2] The reserve now coveres 272 hectares (670 acres) in two parts, one of 205 hectares (510 acres) and the other of 67 hectares (170 acres).[3]

Environment[edit]

Mata Paludosa is the only conservation unit in the state that protects areas of transition between slopes and flat environments, with remnants of forest formed on very wet land, interspersed with wetland vegetation. It has large numbers of epiphytes, especially bromeliads and orchids. There are many palm trees, including the threatened Euterpe edulis, Geonoma gamiova and Geonoma schottiana. It serves as a refuge for fauna adapted to this environment.[4]

Notes[edit]

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