Mata Sahib Kaur
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Mata Sahib Kaur (Gurmukhi: ਮਾਤਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕੌਰ, Devnagri: माता साहिब कौर, Shahmukhi: ماتا صاحب کور) was the third wife of Guru Gobind Singh. Born Sahib Devan, she was the daughter of Ramu of Rohtas dist. Jhelum. Mata Sahib Kaur was born on 1 November 1681 at Rohtas. She was offered to be a bride of Guru Gobind Singh by her father Bhai Rama, a devout Nanak Naam Leva Sikh, and the nuptials took place on 15 April 1700 at Anandpur.
There is confusion regarding her name as her own Hukamnamas written after the death of Guru Gobind Singh are signed by her under the name of “Mata Sahib Devi”. There are no historical records during her lifetime which record her name as “Mata Sahib Kaur” and is believed to have been an invention originating in the Singh Sabha reforms.
When the proposal was brought for discussion to Anandpur, the Guru at first refused, as he was married already and had four sons. The Sangat and the Guru´s family agreed to the marriage, but Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru made it clear that his relationship with Mata Sahib Devan would be of a spiritual nature and not physical.
The Guru proclaimed her to be the Mother of the Khalsa and since then novitiates have been declared to be the sons and daughters of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh and Mātā Sāhib Devāṅ.
During the battle of Anandpur Mata Sahib Kaur was split from the holy family of the tenth Guru during the siege of Fort Kesgarh where, along with Mata Sunder Kaur, she was escorted to safety to Sri Damdama Sahib by Bhai Sahib Bhai Mani Singh Shaheed.
Mata Sahib Kaur accompanied Guru Gobind Singh to Delhi and then on to Nanded whilst Mata Sunder Kaur stayed back in Delhi.
It was in Nanded that Guru Gobind Singh informed Mata Sahib Kaur of his time to leave Earth for his heavenly abode at which he commanded her to leave for Delhi to be with Mata Sunder Kaur. The Guru gave Mata Sahib Kaur 5 weapons of Guru Hargobind Sahib the sixth Guru, as his reminder and his Insignia (with which she issued 9 Hukamname or Letters of Command for the Khalsa). Mata Sahib Kaur resided in Delhi with Mata Sunder Kaur and lived a life of Naam Simran (Waheguru Naam Meditation) and Seva (selfless service) for the Khalsa Panth (Sikh nation).
Mata Sahib Kaur left in 1747 at the age of 66 and was cremated at Gurdwara Bala Sahib, New Delhi. Her memorial stands close to the one commemorating Mata Sunder Kaur.
Presence during Amrit Sanchaar
There are different views among Sikh historians on her presence during this event. According to Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha in the Mahan Kosh, Mata Sahib Devan was present during the creation of Khalsa Panth and participated in making Pahul by adding sugar wafers but the Twarikh Guru Khalsa refutes this claim. The Twarikh states that Guru Gobind Singh's first wife, Mata Jito, put sugar wafers in the Pahul and that Sahib Devan was not married to Guru Gobind Singh at that time.
- Dalbir Singh Dhillon (1988). Sikhism Origin and Development. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- Ashok, Shamsher Singh. "Sahib Devan". Encyclopaedia of Sikhism. Punjabi University Patiala. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Surinder Singh Johar (1999). Guru Gobind Singh: a multi-faceted personality. M.D. Publications. p. 139. ISBN 978-81-7533-093-1.
- ਰੋਹਤਾਸ ਨਿਵਾਸੀ ਭਾਈ ਰਾਮੂ ਬਸੀ¹ ਖਤ੍ਰੀ ਦੀ ਸੁਪੁਤ੍ਰੀ, ਜਿਸ ਦਾ ਆਨੰਦ ੧੮. ਵੈਸਾਖ ਸੰਮਤ ੧੭੫੭ ਨੂੰ ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਨਾਲ ਹੋਇਆ. ਕਲਗੀਧਰ ਨੇ ਇਸੇ ਦੀ ਗੋਦੀ ਪੰਥ ਖਾਲਸਾ ਪਾਇਆ ਹੈ, ਇਸੇ ਕਾਰਣ ਅਮ੍ਰਿਤਸੰਸਕਾਰ ਸਮੇਂ ਮਾਤਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਕੌਰ ਅਤੇ ਪਿਤਾ ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਉਪਦੇਸ਼ ਕੀਤੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਨ. ਅਵਿਚਲ ਨਗਰ ਪਹੁੰਚਕੇ ਦਸ਼ਮੇਸ਼ ਨੇ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਦਿੱਲੀ ਭੇਜ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਅਰ ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੇ ਪੰਜ ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਸਨਮਾਨ ਨਾਲ ਰੱਖਣ ਲਈ ਸਪੁਰਦ ਕੀਤੇ, ਜੋ ਹੁਣ ਦਿੱਲੀ ਗੁਰੁਦ੍ਵਾਰੇ ਰਕਾਬਗੰਜ ਵਿੱਚ ਹਨ.#ਮਾਤਾ ਜੀ ਦਾ ਦੇਹਾਂਤ ਮਾਤਾ ਸੁੰਦਰੀ ਜੀ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੈ. ਸਮਾਧੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਕ੍ਰਿਸਨ ਜੀ ਦੇ ਦੇਹਰੇ ਪਾਸ ਦਿੱਲੀ ਹੈ. ਦੇਖੋ, ਦਿੱਲੀ., Mahankosh, Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha
- Twarikh Guru Khalsa, Page 177, Topic: Teesri Shadi
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