Gauchos at the annual Mataderos Fair
Location of Mataderos within Buenos Aires
|Autonomous City||Buenos Aires|
|Important sites||Estadio Nueva Chicago|
|• Total||7.6 km2 (2.9 sq mi)|
|Population ((INDEC 2001))|
|• Density||8,500/km2 (22,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||ART (UTC-3)|
For much of its history, the area was a meeting point between the city and the countryside, and thus became a hub for rural commerce, and the main stop for gauchos inside city limits. Many famous payadas (improvised lyric contests) took place in the neighborhood bars.
Mataderos is the site of the 34 hectares (84 acres) Mercado de Liniers (the National Cattle Ranchers' Market), established in 1900, where up to 50,000 cattle are sold weekly to supply the beef market for the Greater Buenos Aires area; its headquarters, an Italianate arcade completed in 1899, also houses the Museo de los Corrales Viejos (Old Corrals Museum). The courtyard facing the headquarters is known for Emilio Sarniguet's monument, El Resero (The Herdsman), completed in 1931 and moved to its present location in 1934. A 2001 municipal ordinance mandating the market's relocation to San Vicente, 45 kilometres (28 mi) southwest of Buenos Aires, has been repeatedly postponed due to cattle vendor objections regarding the cost of relocation.
Block parties at the old marketplace on Avenida de los Corrales, sometimes featuring tango and milonga, are famous for their vibrancy. The neighborhood also features a lively commercial area along Eva Perón avenue, and the colorful Mataderos Fair; established on June 8, 1986, the Mataderos Fair is held on Sundays and showcases gaucho traditions, cuisine, and crafts.
One of the city's largest public housing developments, Los Perales, was built just south of the Liniers Market by Juan Perón's administration in 1949. The neighborhood football club, Club Atlético Nueva Chicago, are currently in the Argentine Primera División after promotions in two successive seasons.
Famous people from Mataderos
- Justo Suárez, "El Torito de Mataderos" (the bull from Mataderos), boxer. Fought for the Lightweight world title in 1931, and lost to Billy Petrolle.
- Ernesto Bessone, Argentine stock-car race driver.
- Alberto Castillo, singer and actor
- Nicolás Cabré, actor.
- Information (Spanish)
- "Historia del Mercado de Liniers". Mercado de Liniers S.A.
- "Las obras para trasladar el Mercado de Liniers siguen paralizadas". La Política Online. December 26, 2011.
- "La historia". Feria de Mataderos.
- "Los años '40: crecimiento de las villas y auge de los barrios obreros". Soles Digital. March 17, 2008.