Matagorda County, Texas

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Matagorda County, Texas
Matagorda County Texas Courthouse 2016.jpg
The Matagorda County Courthouse and Confederate Soldier Statue in Bay City
Map of Texas highlighting Matagorda County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Seat Bay City
Largest city Bay City
Area
 • Total 1,613 sq mi (4,178 km2)
 • Land 1,100 sq mi (2,849 km2)
 • Water 512 sq mi (1,326 km2), 32%
Population
 • (2010) 36,702
 • Density 33/sq mi (13/km2)
Congressional district 27th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.matagorda.tx.us
Matagorda County Office Building

Matagorda County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,702.[1] Its county seat is Bay City,[2] not to be confused with the larger Baytown in Harris and Chambers Counties. Matagorda County is named for the canebrakes that once grew along the coast (matagorda is a Spanish word meaning "thick bush").

Matagorda County comprises the Bay City, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Houston-The Woodlands, TX Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,613 square miles (4,180 km2), of which 1,100 square miles (2,800 km2) is land and 512 square miles (1,330 km2) (32%) is water.[3] The water area includes Matagorda Bay. It borders the Gulf of Mexico.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,124
18603,45462.6%
18703,377−2.2%
18803,94016.7%
18903,9851.1%
19006,09753.0%
191013,597123.0%
192016,58922.0%
193017,6786.6%
194020,06613.5%
195021,5597.4%
196025,74419.4%
197027,9138.4%
198037,82835.5%
199036,928−2.4%
200037,9572.8%
201036,702−3.3%
Est. 201637,187[4]1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850–2010[6] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 37,957 people, 13,901 households, and 9,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 18,611 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 67.83% White, 12.72% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 13.98% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 31.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.3% were of German, 8.2% American, 5.4% English and 5.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 73.9% spoke English, 24.0% Spanish and 1.6% Vietnamese as their first language.

There were 13,901 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,174, and the median income for a family was $40,586. Males had a median income of $37,733 versus $21,871 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,709. About 14.90% of families and 18.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.00% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The Matagorda County Museum in Bay City is located across from the Court House.

Rice is grown extensively in Matagorda County, as well as St. Augustine and other turf grass. In addition to a wealth of offshore oil rigs and natural gas extraction facilities all over the county, two petrochemical processing plants (Celanese and Equistar) and the South Texas Project nuclear power plant operate within the county. Matagorda County has secluded, extensive forests, wetlands, prairie and coastal regions. The gulf coast floodplain has several conditions conducive to a variety of ecosystems and recreational activities evident by the highest count of migrating birds in the United States. Fishing (on & offshore), hunting and scuba diving are large parts of the recreation industry due to the Colorado river, the forests and Matagorda bay. As well as having the Rio Colorado Golf Course and a birdwatching park on the Colorado River near the State Highway 35 bridge, there are a significant number of wildlife preserves around the county, a portion of which is land bought for that purpose by the two major petrochemical refineries and nuclear plant in the county.

Education[edit]

School districts serving Matagorda County include:

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.6% 8,366 28.7% 3,500 2.7% 330
2012 66.3% 8,040 32.8% 3,980 0.9% 113
2008 63.3% 7,835 35.9% 4,440 0.8% 98
2004 64.8% 8,119 34.8% 4,355 0.4% 47
2000 60.9% 7,584 37.7% 4,696 1.4% 179
1996 47.0% 5,876 43.0% 5,374 10.0% 1,244
1992 40.5% 5,328 36.2% 4,759 23.4% 3,078
1988 54.0% 6,787 45.2% 5,675 0.8% 104
1984 61.7% 8,452 38.0% 5,201 0.3% 41
1980 53.4% 5,545 44.2% 4,585 2.4% 252
1976 42.1% 3,679 56.9% 4,971 0.9% 81
1972 66.8% 5,003 33.0% 2,473 0.3% 19
1968 36.6% 3,094 42.5% 3,595 21.0% 1,777
1964 36.7% 2,407 63.2% 4,143 0.1% 5
1960 49.6% 2,975 49.5% 2,971 0.9% 52
1956 66.5% 3,927 32.2% 1,904 1.3% 78
1952 66.2% 4,122 33.8% 2,101 0.0% 1
1948 30.8% 1,016 49.4% 1,628 19.9% 655
1944 13.4% 412 60.5% 1,854 26.1% 801
1940 23.1% 651 76.6% 2,156 0.2% 6
1936 21.2% 459 78.6% 1,700 0.2% 5
1932 16.6% 408 82.9% 2,039 0.6% 14
1928 58.9% 1,194 40.9% 829 0.3% 6
1924 37.6% 893 57.0% 1,353 5.4% 128
1920 43.9% 918 47.4% 992 8.7% 181
1916 23.1% 252 68.6% 748 8.3% 91
1912 9.6% 107 64.0% 710 26.4% 293

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ JENKINS, RACHEL (15 June 2010). "HAWLEY, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 22 March 2018. 
  9. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Matagorda County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 28°47′N 96°00′W / 28.78°N 96.00°W / 28.78; -96.00