Matamata

Coordinates: 37°49′S 175°46′E / 37.817°S 175.767°E / -37.817; 175.767
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Matamata
Matamata information centre
Matamata information centre
Map
Matamata is located in New Zealand
Matamata
Matamata
Coordinates: 37°49′S 175°46′E / 37.817°S 175.767°E / -37.817; 175.767
CountryNew Zealand
RegionWaikato
Territorial authorityMatamata-Piako District
WardMatamata Ward
Electorates
Government
 • Territorial AuthorityMatamata-Piako District Council
 • Regional councilWaikato Regional Council
 • MayorAdrienne Wilcock
Area
 • Total6.15 km2 (2.37 sq mi)
Elevation
63 m (207 ft)
Population
 (June 2023)[2]
 • Total9,130
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode
3400
Area code07

Matamata (Māori: [ˈmataˌmata]) is a town in Waikato, New Zealand. It is located near the base of the Kaimai Ranges, and is a thriving farming area known for Thoroughbred horse breeding and training pursuits. It is part of the Matamata-Piako District, which takes in the surrounding rural areas, as well as Morrinsville and Te Aroha. State Highway 27 and the Kinleith Branch railway run through the town. The town has a population of 9,130 as of June 2023.[2]

A nearby farm was the location for the Hobbiton Movie Set in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings. The New Zealand government decided to leave the Hobbit holes built on location as tourist attractions. During the period between the filming of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King and The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey they had no furniture or props, but could be entered with vistas of the farm viewed from inside them.[3] A "Welcome to Hobbiton" sign has been placed on the main road. In 2011, parts of Hobbiton began to close in preparation for the three new movies based on the first Tolkien novel, The Hobbit.

Demographics[edit]

Matamata covers 6.15 km2 (2.37 sq mi)[1] and had an estimated population of 9,130 as of June 2023,[2] with a population density of 1,485 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20066,297—    
20137,086+1.70%
20187,806+1.95%
Source: [4]
Sign in Matamata identifying town as the location where the Hobbiton scenes from the Lord of the Rings were filmed
Livestock in Matamata

Matamata had a population of 7,806 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 720 people (10.2%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 1,509 people (24.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 3,111 households, comprising 3,717 males and 4,089 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.91 males per female, with 1,374 people (17.6%) aged under 15 years, 1,314 (16.8%) aged 15 to 29, 2,934 (37.6%) aged 30 to 64, and 2,187 (28.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 84.5% European/Pākehā, 15.7% Māori, 1.7% Pacific peoples, 5.9% Asian, and 1.4% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 16.6, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 49.2% had no religion, 37.2% were Christian, 1.2% had Māori religious beliefs, 1.0% were Hindu, 0.2% were Muslim, 0.7% were Buddhist and 1.8% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 678 (10.5%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 1,848 (28.7%) people had no formal qualifications. 774 people (12.0%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 2,763 (43.0%) people were employed full-time, 849 (13.2%) were part-time, and 198 (3.1%) were unemployed.[4]

Individual statistical areas
Name Area
(km2)
Population Density
(per km2)
Households Median age Median
income
Matamata North 2.13 3,174 1,490 1,326 46.5 years $27,100[5]
Matamata South 4.03 4,632 1,149 1,785 45.7 years $26,800[6]
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

History[edit]

In the early nineteenth century, the area including and surrounding the present-day Matamata township was part of the territory of the Ngāti Hinerangi iwi and Ngāti Hauā. The Matamata itself was actually located near the present-day settlement of Waharoa, approximately 6 kilometres (4 miles) to the north.

The first European thought to have visited the Matamata area was the trader Phillip Tapsell in about 1830.[7] In 1833 the Reverend Alfred Nesbit Brown visited the area and in 1835 opened a mission near Matamata Pa, but this closed the following year when intertribal warfare broke out.[7] In 1865 Josiah Firth negotiated with Ngāti Hauā leader Wiremu Tamihana and leased a large area of land, including the future site of the town which he named after the pā.[7] Firth constructed a dray road to Cambridge and cleared the Waihou River so that it was navigable by his (small) boats.[7]

Peria, on the outskirts of Matamata, was the scene of the Kīngitanga meeting of 1863.[8][9]

Firth's estate later failed and by 1904 had been wholly obtained by the Crown and was subdivided into dairy farm units[10] to take advantage of the new technology of refrigeration.[11] It became a dependent Town District in 1917, an independent Town District in 1919 and was constituted a borough in 1935.[7] With the re-organisation of territorial authorities in New Zealand in 1989, Matamata became part of the Matamata-Piako District.

Railway station[edit]

Plantations of oak, larch, chestnut and ash were established near many railway stations.[12] Matamata’s is registered in Council’s District Plan for Hetana St[13]

Matamata was a station on the Kinleith Branch, from Monday 8 March 1886.[14] It was built by Mr D Fallon for the Thames Valley & Rotorua Railway Co. New Zealand Railways Department took over the line on 1 April 1886.[15] Initially 40 minutes north of the temporary terminus at Oxford (Tirau) and about an hour from Morrinsville.[16] For a while Matamata seems to have become a flag station,[17][18] though it did have cattle yards and a 60 ft (18 m) by 30 ft (9.1 m)[15] a goods shed.[19] By 1886 it also had a coal shed able to hold 50 tons, a stationmaster's house, 2 cottages, urinals and a 20,000 imp gal (91,000 L) brick water tank supplied by a 60 ft (18 m) diameter windpump from a well, which was deepened that year. By 1896 Matamata had gained a 4th class station, platform, cart approach and a passing loop for 32 wagons. A telephone came in 1912 and a verandah in 1914. Authority to shift the verandah at Avondale station to Matamata when new station is built, and re-erect, amount £35. House for stationmaster. Platform extended to 175 feet. To extend it to 300 feet will cost £90. Authority for £60 for platform extension. 1919 extension of the verandah have been authorised. In 1919 part of the old Drury station building was erected as a luggage room at Matamata. Improvements are to be put in hand, estimated cost £6,000. Lighting of station and houses. 1927 Additional seating accommodation on platform. 1953 Approval for bicycle shed, estimated cost £90.[15] There was a Post Office at the station until 1911.[15] It had two members of staff from 1913.[20] Matamata was included in the annual returns of railway traffic. For example, in 1924 it sold 26,367 tickets and exported 26,084 sheep and pigs.[21] In 1950 8,868 tickets were sold and it transported 42,322 sheep and pigs.[22] A petrol engined shunter was used in the station yard from 1936.[23] Several Drewry 0-4-0 shunters were introduced in 1936.[24]

The station building was replaced on Monday 17 May 1965 by a new £23,500 steel portal frame and block-work building, with a new platform and approach road from Hetana Street, built by Way & Works Branch staff. The old station was sold for removal by July 1967.[15]

Matamata closed to passengers on 12 November 1968,[14] but reopened to serve the Geyserland Express[25] from 9 December 1991 until 7 October 2001.[26]

Since closure the station has been the Railside by the Green community centre since 2002,[27] though it is fenced off from the platform.[28] Occasional excursions still use the platform.[29][30]

  Former adjoining stations  
Waharoa
Line open, station closed
3.75 km (2.33 mi)
  Kinleith Branch   Hinuera
Line open, station closed
7.91 km (4.92 mi)[31]

Sports[edit]

Matamata is home to the Matamata Swifts soccer team, who compete in the Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Division 1A.

Educational institutions[edit]

Matamata College is the town's co-educational state secondary school,[32][33] with a roll of 748 as of April 2023.[34]

Matamata Intermediate is the town's co-educational state intermediate school,[35][36] with a roll of 398.[37]

There are two co-educational state primary schools: Matamata Primary School,[38][39] with a roll of 449;[40] and Firth School,[41] with a roll of 213.[42] The motto for Firth School is E Tipu E Rea, which translates as Grow and Flourish.[43]

Matamata Christian School is a co-educational state integrated Christian primary school,[44][45] with a roll of 85.[46]

St Joseph's Catholic School is a co-educational state integrated Catholic school,[47] with a roll of 43.[48]

Notable people[edit]

Nearby towns[edit]

Smaller towns nearby are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 13 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Subnational population estimates (RC, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2023 (2023 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2023. (regional councils); "Subnational population estimates (TA, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2023 (2023 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2023. (territorial authorities); "Subnational population estimates (urban rural), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2023 (2023 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2023. (urban areas)
  3. ^ "Matamata Area Guide". Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Matamata North (174900) and Matamata South (175000).
  5. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Matamata North
  6. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Matamata South
  7. ^ a b c d e 'MATAMATA', from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 22 April 2009
  8. ^ Peria Topo Map
  9. ^ "Maori Report Of The Speeches At The Meeting At Peria". Press. 3 January 1863. p. 3. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ D. B. Waterson. 'Firth, Josiah Clifton', from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 18-Sep-2013
  11. ^ Waterson, D. B. (1969). "The Matamata Estate, 1904-1959: Land Transfers and Subdivision in the Waikato" (PDF). New Zealand Journal of History. 3 (1): 36.
  12. ^ "Beautifying on the Railways — Activities Of The Railway Department. — Trees and Gardens. — Co-operation of Local Bodies and Clubs". nzetc.victoria.ac.nz. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Matamata-Piako District Plan". www.mpdc.govt.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  14. ^ a b Scoble, Juliet (2010). "Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations" (PDF). Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Stations" (PDF). NZR Rolling Stock Lists. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  16. ^ "Page 7 Advertisements Column 4". Te Aroha News. 29 May 1886. p. 7. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Matamata". nzetc.victoria.ac.nz. 1902. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  18. ^ Representatives, New Zealand Parliament House of (1908). Parliamentary Debates.
  19. ^ "Railway Station Matamata, showing two steam locomotive trains stopped". www.aucklandcity.govt.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Parliamentary Papers | Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives | 1913 Session I". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  21. ^ "RAILWAYS STATEMENT BY THE MINISTER OF RAILWAYS, HON. J.G. COATES". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1924. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  22. ^ "Parliamentary Papers | Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives | 1950 Session I". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  23. ^ "LOCAL AND GENERAL. THAMES STAR". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 11 November 1936. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  24. ^ "New Zealand Rolling Stock Register". www.nzrsr.co.nz. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Inter-regional Rail service distances and times". www.bettertransport.org.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Passenger rail routes farewelled | NATIONAL News". 7 October 2001. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  27. ^ "home". www.railsidematamata.co.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Matamata: New Zealand's re-cycled Station". Phillip Overton. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Photos – Silver Fern to Matamata". nzrailphotos.co.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  30. ^ "Glenbrook to Matamata & Return – Waikato Explorer – RES Excursions – Glenbrook Vintage Railway". www.gvr.co.nz. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  31. ^ Yonge, John Roger; Company, Quail Map (1993). New Zealand Railway and Tramway Atlas. Quail Map Company. ISBN 9780900609923.
  32. ^ "Matamata College Official School Website". matamatacollege.school.nz.
  33. ^ "Matamata College Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  34. ^ "Matamata College Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  35. ^ "Matamata Intermediate Official School Website". matamataintermediate.school.nz.
  36. ^ "Matamata Intermediate Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  37. ^ "Matamata Intermediate Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  38. ^ "Matamata Primary School Official School Website". matamataprimary.school.nz.
  39. ^ "Matamata Primary School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  40. ^ "Matamata Primary School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  41. ^ "Firth School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  42. ^ "Firth School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  43. ^ "Firth School Official School Website". firth.school.nz.
  44. ^ "Matamata Christian School Official School Website". matamata.school.nz.
  45. ^ "Matamata Christian School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  46. ^ "Matamata Christian School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  47. ^ "St Joseph's Catholic School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  48. ^ "St Joseph's Catholic School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.