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Seashore at dusk in Matanzas
Map of Matanzas in O'Higgins Region, continental Chile.
|Elevation||10 to 100 metres m (32 to 328 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (CLT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3|
Matanzas is located in the north west of Cardenal Caro Province, O'Higgins Region, and forms part of the commune of Navidad, Chile. Is located 160 kilometres south of Santiago and 58 kilometres north of Pichilemu.
Matanzas was a famous harbour during the time of the colonization of Chile, and was the place where part of the Spanish army responsible for the occupation of Chile’s Zona Central disembarked. The place was also frequented by pirates. The name "Matanzas" (Spanish for “slaughter” or “killing”) comes from the sea lion hunting and processing industry, which were used to provide oil and other goods.
A local story tells of a visit from Sir Francis Drake, who disembarked and was well received in Matanzas. Another tells of a sunken Spanish galleon out off the coast.
Matanzas as a tourist destination
The beach at Matanzas is known for its fine grey sand and year-round windy weather, making it an ideal place to practice surfing, boogyboarding, stand up paddling, windsurfing and kitesurfing. Matanzas is also known for its rich fauna. The islets of Lobos and Pajaros provide a nesting ground for several bird species and the English scientist Charles Darwin discovered 31 species around Matanzas in his 1846 analysis of the Navidad Formation. The area includes many species of molluscs that were last reviewed extensively by Philippi (1887).
There are basic services in Matanzas such as a school, hotels, cabins for rent and camp sites. Local industry is dominated by the farming of agriculture and livestock. Matanzas is growing as a tourist destination. With the expansion of the "Surazo" Hotel & Restaurant, many wealthy Chileans come here on the weekend.
- Matanzas, Un Refugio a la Mano - Matanzas, Un Refugio a la Mano (Spanish page)
- Letter 932 — Darwin to Sowerby, 1 Dec 1845 Darwin Correspondence Project
- Chile’s Sernatur promotes 10 new destinations for travelers www.thisischile.cl June 07, 2013 retrieved August 11, 2013
- Robby Swift Adventure Camp - Matanzas Archived 2013-10-20 at the Wayback Machine www.oceansource.net Robby Swift, Retrieved June 17, 2013
- Sven N. Nielsen Cenozoic strombidae, aporrhaidae, and struthiolariidae (gastropoda: stromboidea) from Chile: their significance to the interpretation of southeast pacific biogeography and climate. Journal of Paleontology, Volume 79, Issue 6 (November 2005),Article: pp. 1120–1130. Letter 932 — Darwin, C. R. to Sowerby, G. B., elder, [1 Dec 1845]