It is named for the historic Matapeake tribe, who lived there at the time of English colonization in 1631. Their chief village was on the southeast side of the island. They were an Algonquian-speaking tribe, related to the paramount chiefdom of the Nanticoke.
- Scharf, John Thomas (1879). History of Maryland from the Earliest Period to the Present Day. Baltimore, MD: John B. Piet. p. 137.
- "US 213". MDRoads.
- "Governor Ehrlich Announces BPW Approval of Leases Supporting Maritime Center and NRP Training Academy in Queen Anne's County". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2005.
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