Matara, Eritrea

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Matara
Balaw Kalaw (metera), accesso del cosiddetto tunnel per axum, 02.JPG
Balaw Kalaw (metera), stele axumita 07.JPG
Balaw Kalaw (metera), rovine di un palazzo 04.JPG
Left to right from top: Entrance to the Adulis-Axum tunnel, Hawulti obelisk dedicated to Utu (Shamash), ruins of a palace
Matara is located in Eritrea
Matara
Matara
Location in Eritrea.
Coordinates: 14°40′29″N 39°25′29″E / 14.674722°N 39.424722°E / 14.674722; 39.424722Coordinates: 14°40′29″N 39°25′29″E / 14.674722°N 39.424722°E / 14.674722; 39.424722
Country Eritrea
RegionDebub
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Metera or መጠራ(𐩣𐩷𐩧) is a small town and important archeological site located in the Debub Region of Eritrea. Situated a few kilometers south of Senafe (ፀንዓፈ), it was a major city in the Dʿmt (𐩵𐩲𐩣𐩩) and Aksumite kingdoms. Since Eritrean independence, the National Museum of Eritrea has petitioned the Ethiopian government to return artifacts removed from the site. However, the efforts have thus far been rebuffed.[1]

History[edit]

Bronze oil lamp excavated at Matara, dating from the D’MT Kingdom

Matara is the name of both a small village and an important archaeological site in Eritrea. The latter is located some 136 kilometers southeast of the capital Asmara, just past Senafe on the road leading south to the border with the northern Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The archaeological site already has yielded evidence of several levels of habitation, including at least two different major cities, covering more than 1000 years. The topmost layers are associated with the Aksumite Empire and date from the fourth to the eighth centuries. This city was allied with or part of the powerful trading empire centered in the capital, Aksum, to the southwest. It appears that Matara was one of a string of cities along the trade route that ran from Aksum to its port city, Adulis, whose extensive ruins, surveyed but largely unexcavated, are in the vicinity of Zula, southeast of Massawa on the Red Sea coast. Keskese is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north of Matara.[2]

Hawulti, a pre-Aksumite or early Aksumite era obelisk, is situated here.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eritrea wants artefacts back". 2005-10-02. Archived from the original on 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
  2. ^ Schmidt, Peter Ridgway (2006). Historical Archaeology in Africa: Representation, Social Memory, And Oral Traditions. Rowman Altamira. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-7591-0965-0. Retrieved 30 May 2012.

External links[edit]