Mataram (city)

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Mataram
City of Mataram
Kota Mataram
Clockwise, from top; Tembolaq Gate, Mataram seen from above, Hubbul Wathan Islamic Center, and Mataram City Hall
Flag of Mataram
Coat of arms of Mataram
Location within West Nusa Tenggara
Location within West Nusa Tenggara
Mataram is located in Lombok
Mataram
Mataram
Mataram is located in Lesser Sunda Islands
Mataram
Mataram
Mataram (Lesser Sunda Islands)
Mataram is located in Indonesia
Mataram
Mataram
Mataram (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 8°35′S 116°7′E / 8.583°S 116.117°E / -8.583; 116.117Coordinates: 8°35′S 116°7′E / 8.583°S 116.117°E / -8.583; 116.117
Country Indonesia
Province West Nusa Tenggara
Government
 • MayorAhyar Abduh
 • Vice MayorMohan Roliskana
Area
 • Total61.30 km2 (23.67 sq mi)
Elevation
26 m (85 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total429,651
 • Density7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code(+62) 370
Websitemataramkota.go.id

Mataram (Indonesian: Kota Mataram) is a city and the capital of the Indonesian province of West Nusa Tenggara. The city is surrounded on all the landward sides by (but is not administratively contained within) West Lombok Regency and lies on the western side of the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It is also the largest city of the province, and had a population of 402,843 at the 2010 Census[2] and 429,651 at the 2020 Census.[3]

The city is an economic, cultural, and education center of the province. It hosts all public universities in the province, the main airport as well as the only international airport in the province, and also main government offices. Greater Mataram Area (Indonesian: Mataram Raya) or sometimes also called Gumi Rinjani Metropolitan Area[4] is a metropolitan area surrounding the city with a total population of around 3 million people on 2015, making it one of the largest in Lesser Sunda Islands along with Denpasar metropolitan area in Bali.[5]

History[edit]

There was a small city called Selaparang in this area . It was the centre of the power in Lombok from 16th to 19th century A.D.

Geography[edit]

Governance[edit]

Administrative division[edit]

The city consists of six districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[6] and the 2020 Census.[7] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan also called "kampungs") in each district, and its postal codes.

District
Name
Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010
Population
Census
2020
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Ampenan 9.46 78,779 88,022 10 83118 [a]
Sekarbela 10.32 53,112 58,786 5 83115 & 83116
Mataram 10.76 73,107 77,465 9 83127 [b]
Selaparang 10.77 72,665 68,657 9 83126
Cakranegara 9.67 64,087 67,826 10 83238 - 63239
Sandubaya 10.32 61,093 68,895 7 83232 - 63237
Totals 61.30 402,843 429,651 50

Demographics[edit]

Ethnicity[edit]

The Sasak people are the indigenous people of Lombok and form the majority of Mataram's residents. Mataram is also home to people of Balinese, Javanese, Chinese, Tionghoa-Peranakan people of mixed Indonesian and Chinese descent and a small number of Arab Indonesian people, mainly of Yemeni descent who arrived when the city was known as "Ampenan". Despite being urban dwellers, the Sasak people of Mataram still identify strongly with their origins and the Sasak culture.

Religion[edit]

Islam is the religion of over 80% of the population of Mataram. Hinduism has the second largest following with 14% of the population. Other religions practised in Mataram are Christianity, Buddhism, and Confucianism.[8]

Language[edit]

Mataram society normally speaks the Sasak language, Bahasa Sasak, which is the native language of the indigenous people of Lombok. Indonesian is the language most widely used in formal business, education and government contexts. When at home or a place of recreation, Mataram residents tend to use the Mataram Sasak language.

Climate[edit]

Mataram has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am) with heavy rainfall from November to March and moderate to little rainfall from April to October.

Climate data for Mataram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.7
(85.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.2
(88.2)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.0
(78.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77.0)
25.9
(78.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79.0)
Average low °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
21.7
(71.1)
21.1
(70.0)
20.0
(68.0)
19.4
(66.9)
19.8
(67.6)
20.9
(69.6)
21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73.0)
21.5
(70.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 290
(11.4)
237
(9.3)
170
(6.7)
114
(4.5)
108
(4.3)
72
(2.8)
77
(3.0)
54
(2.1)
62
(2.4)
126
(5.0)
190
(7.5)
282
(11.1)
1,782
(70.1)
Source: [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ "PU-net". perkotaan.bpiw.pu.go.id. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  5. ^ "PU-net". perkotaan.bpiw.pu.go.id. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. ^ "Peringatan".
  9. ^ "Mataram climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Mataram water temperature - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  1. ^ Except the kampungs of Ampenan Tengah (postcode 83112), Pejeruk (postcode 83113), Ampenan Selatan (postcode 83114) and Ampenan Utara (postcode 83511).
  2. ^ Except the kampung of Pagutan (postcode 83117).

External links[edit]

  • Lombok travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Mataram travel guide from Wikivoyage