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Materials genome is an analogy to genomes in biology, but in a conceptual sense: the many important phases, defects, and processes that make up engineered materials are the "genome" of materials science. The Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) is an effort to design, manufacture, and deploy materials and materials-based technologies significantly faster and cheaper than ever before. The MGI partially references the Human Genome Project, but only conceptually, and is a broader and less targeted effort.
The name Materials Genome was coined in December 2002 by Dr. Zi-Kui Liu who incorporated the company "MaterialsGenome, Inc." in Pennsylvania, USA, and filed the trademark protection on March 5, 2004 (78512752). The Certificate of Registration (Reg. No. 4,224,035) was issued by the Patent and Trademark office on October 16, 2012.
In 2005, Dr. Zi-Kui Liu and Dr. Pierre Villars jointly crafted a proposal on "Materials Genome Foundation" when they met in Switzerland. In January 2006, they presented the proposal to a panel organized by ASM International.
In 2008, United States Automotive Materials Partnership (USAMP) supported by the United States Department of Energy funded a smaller version of the concept of "Materials Genome Foundation", which resulted in the development of the software package ESPEI.
In early 2015, Chenxi Qian, Dr. Todd Siler and Dr. Geoffrey A. Ozin jointly published a paper in Small, discussing about the possibilities and limitations of a Nanomaterials Genome, expanding concept of the Materials Genome by incorporating the important parameters of nanomaterials such as size and shape information into the roadmap.
In May 2016, a group led by Sorelle A. Friedler, Joshua Schrier and Alexander J. Norquist claimed the first machine-learning-assisted materials discovery, as an example of human's early attempts to design and develop materials via data-driven approaches proposed by the Materials Genome Initiative.
- "Archived copy". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on 2017-01-21. Retrieved 2016-05-12 – via National Archives.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Liu, Zi-Kui (2014). "Perspective on Materials Genome®". Chin. Sci. Bull. 59 (15): 1619–1623. Bibcode:2014ChSBu..59.1619L. doi:10.1007/s11434-013-0072-x.
- Liu, Zi-Kui (2013). "Perspective on Materials Genome®". Chin. Sci. Bull. 58: 3618–3622.
- Qian, Chenxi; Siler, Todd; Ozin, Geoffrey A. (2015-01-01). "Exploring the Possibilities and Limitations of a Nanomaterials Genome". Small. 11 (1): 64–69. doi:10.1002/smll.201402197. ISSN 1613-6829. PMID 25244158.
- Raccuglia, Paul; Elbert, Katherine C.; Adler, Philip D. F.; Falk, Casey; Wenny, Malia B.; Mollo, Aurelio; Zeller, Matthias; Friedler, Sorelle A.; Schrier, Joshua (2016). "Machine-learning-assisted materials discovery using failed experiments". Nature. 533 (7601): 73–76. Bibcode:2016Natur.533...73R. doi:10.1038/nature17439. PMID 27147027.