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Mateu Morral Roca (Mateo in Spanish; 1880, Sabadell – 2 June 1906, Torrejón de Ardoz – part of Madrid) was a Spanish anarchist, known for murdering almost thirty people and a hundred wounded, in a terrorist bombing in an attempt to assassinate King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his bride Victoria Eugenia (on 31 May 1906, the day the two were married). The attempt was carried out by throwing a bomb at the royal bridal carriage as it drove along the Calle Mayor in the city center, through crowds of people cheering the king's wedding.
The son of a Barcelona textile manufacturer, Morral studied in German universities, eventually becoming a committed anarchist. He broke with his bourgeois family in 1905, thereafter supporting himself as librarian to Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia.
In 1906 he went to Madrid and started plotting the regicide, using a bomb that was concealed in a bouquet and thrown towards the procession from the middle of a crowd standing in the Plaza de la Villa along the Calle Mayor.
Fifteen people were killed, and although the king escaped from this, the third assassination attempt directed at him, world attention was riveted on the scale of death, and on the minor but resonant fact that the blood of the murdered bystanders spattered the young Queen's wedding gown.
After the attempt, Morral tried to get lost in the crowd (helped by journalist José Nakens), but he was recognized by several people. Hunted down by the authorities, he appeared to be surrendering peacefully. However, he managed to shoot and kill the guard who was taking him to Torrejón de Ardoz prison, and to commit suicide the moment after. For a while, the two bodies were displayed in the town hall.
- Monument to victims of the attack against Alfonso XIII
- Anarchism in Spain
- Anarchism and violence
- Anarchist Catalonia
- Propaganda by the deed
- Challand, Gerard (2007). History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to Al Qaeda. p. 120. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
- Jensen, Richard Bach (2013). The Battle against Anarchist Terrorism: An International History, 1878–1934. Cambridge University Press. pp. 300–4.
- Mateo Morral Daily Bleed Calendar 31 May
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