# Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols

ย ย (Redirected from Mathematical alphanumeric symbols)
Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols
Range U+1D400..U+1D7FF
(1,024 code points)
Plane SMP
Scripts Common
Symbol sets Mathematical
Assigned 996 code points
Unused 28 reserved code points
Unicode version history
3.1 991 (+991)
4.0 992 (+1)
4.1 994 (+2)
5.0 996 (+2)
Note: [1][2]

Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols is a Unicode block of Latin and Greek letters and decimal digits that enable mathematicians to denote different notions with different letter styles. The letters in various fonts often have specific, fixed meanings in particular areas of mathematics. By providing uniformity over numerous mathematical articles and books, these conventions help to read mathematical formulae.

Unicode now includes many such symbols (in the range U+1D400โU+1D7FF).  The rationale behind this is that it enables design and usage of special mathematical characters (fonts) that include all necessary properties to differentiate from other alphanumerics, e.g. in mathematics an italic "A" can have a different meaning from a roman letter "A". Unicode originally included a limited set of such letter forms in its Letterlike Symbols block before completing the set of Latin and Greek letter forms in this block beginning in version 3.1.

Unicode expressly recommends that these characters not be used in general text as a substitute for presentational markup; the letters are specifically designed to be semantically different from each other. Unicode does not include a set of normal serif letters in the set (thus it assumes a given font is a serif by default; a sans-serif font that supports the range would thus display the standard letters and the "sans-serif" symbols identically but could not display normal serif symbols of the same).

All these letter shapes may be manipulated with MathML's attribute mathvariant.

The introduction date of some of the more commonly used symbols can be found in the Table of mathematical symbols by introduction date.

## Tables

These characters are located in other Unicode blocks, such as letterlike symbols. For example, โ (script capital r) is at U+211B. In the case of U+1D4C1 ๐ MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT SMALL L there is a character here and elsewhere a possibly similar-looking character at U+2113 โ SCRIPT SMALL L.[3] The code points that the characters with pink background replace are reserved, and the Unicode standard annotates them with the name and code point of the correct character.[3] U+2118 โ SCRIPT CAPITAL P is in fact the Weierstrass p, a specific symbol unrelated to U+1D4AB ๐ซ MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT CAPITAL P; the former was mislabeled due to error, and the error was kept in the standard to keep it stable.[4]

### Latin letters

Serif Sans-serif Script (or Calligraphy) Fraktur Mono-
space
Double-
struck
Normal Bold Italic Bold
italic
Normal Bold Italic Bold
italic
Normal Bold Normal Bold Normal Bold
A ๐ ๐ด ๐จ ๐  ๐ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฌ ๐ฐ ๐ธ
B ๐ ๐ต ๐ฉ ๐ก ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ โฌ ๐ ๐ ๐ญ ๐ฑ ๐น
C ๐ ๐ถ ๐ช ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐พ ๐ ๐ โญ ๐ฎ ๐ฒ โ
D ๐ ๐ท ๐ซ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฏ ๐ณ ๐ป
E ๐ ๐ธ ๐ฌ ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐ โฐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฐ ๐ด ๐ผ
F ๐ ๐น ๐ญ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐ โฑ ๐ ๐ ๐ฑ ๐ต ๐ฝ
G ๐ ๐บ ๐ฎ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐ฒ ๐ถ ๐พ
H ๐ ๐ป ๐ฏ ๐ง ๐ ๐ ๐ โ ๐ โ ๐ณ ๐ท โ
I ๐ ๐ผ ๐ฐ ๐จ ๐ ๐ ๐ โ ๐ โ ๐ด ๐ธ ๐
J ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ฑ ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐ต ๐น ๐
K ๐ ๐พ ๐ฒ ๐ช ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐ถ ๐บ ๐
L ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ณ ๐ซ ๐ ๐ ๐ โ ๐ ๐ ๐ท ๐ป ๐
M ๐ ๐ ๐ด ๐ฌ ๐  ๐ ๐ โณ ๐ ๐ ๐ธ ๐ผ ๐
N ๐ ๐ ๐ต ๐ญ ๐ก ๐ ๐ ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ ๐น ๐ฝ โ
O ๐ ๐ ๐ถ ๐ฎ ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐ช ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐พ ๐
P ๐ ๐ ๐ท ๐ฏ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ ๐ซ ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ฟ โ
Q ๐ ๐ ๐ธ ๐ฐ ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐ฌ ๐  ๐ ๐ผ ๐ โ
R ๐ ๐ ๐น ๐ฑ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ โ ๐ก โ ๐ฝ ๐ โ
S ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐ฒ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐ฎ ๐ข ๐ ๐พ ๐ ๐
T ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ณ ๐ง ๐ ๐ ๐ฏ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ ๐
U ๐ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ด ๐จ ๐ ๐ ๐ฐ ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
V ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ต ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ ๐ฑ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
W ๐ ๐ ๐พ ๐ถ ๐ช ๐ ๐ ๐ฒ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
X ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ท ๐ซ ๐ ๐ ๐ณ ๐ง ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Y ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ธ ๐ฌ ๐  ๐ ๐ด ๐จ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
Z ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐น ๐ญ ๐ก ๐ ๐ต ๐ฉ โจ ๐ ๐ โค
a ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐ฎ ๐ข ๐ ๐ถ ๐ช ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
b ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ฏ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ท ๐ซ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
c ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ฐ ๐ค ๐ ๐ธ ๐ฌ ๐  ๐ ๐ ๐
d ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ฑ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐น ๐ญ ๐ก ๐ ๐ ๐
e ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐พ ๐ฒ ๐ฆ ๐ โฏ ๐ฎ ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐
f ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ณ ๐ง ๐ ๐ป ๐ฏ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ ๐
g ๐  ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ด ๐จ ๐ โ ๐ฐ ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐
h ๐ก โ ๐ ๐ ๐ต ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ฑ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐
i ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ถ ๐ช ๐ ๐พ ๐ฒ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐
j ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ท ๐ซ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ณ ๐ง ๐ ๐ ๐
k ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ธ ๐ฌ ๐  ๐ ๐ด ๐จ ๐ ๐ ๐
l ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐น ๐ญ ๐ก ๐ ๐ต ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ ๐
m ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐ฎ ๐ข ๐ ๐ถ ๐ช ๐ ๐ ๐
n ๐ง ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ฏ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ท ๐ซ ๐ ๐ ๐
o ๐จ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ฐ ๐ค โด ๐ธ ๐ฌ ๐ ๐ ๐
p ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ฑ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐น ๐ญ ๐ ๐ ๐ก
q ๐ช ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐พ ๐ฒ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐บ ๐ฎ ๐ ๐ ๐ข
r ๐ซ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ณ ๐ง ๐ ๐ป ๐ฏ ๐ ๐ ๐ฃ
s ๐ฌ ๐  ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ด ๐จ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ฐ ๐ ๐ ๐ค
t ๐ญ ๐ก ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ต ๐ฉ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ฑ ๐ ๐ ๐ฅ
u ๐ฎ ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ถ ๐ช ๐ ๐พ ๐ฒ ๐ ๐ ๐ฆ
v ๐ฏ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ท ๐ซ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐ณ ๐ ๐ ๐ง
w ๐ฐ ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ธ ๐ฌ ๐ ๐ ๐ด ๐ ๐  ๐จ
x ๐ฑ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐น ๐ญ ๐ ๐ ๐ต ๐ ๐ก ๐ฉ
y ๐ฒ ๐ฆ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐ฎ ๐ ๐ ๐ถ ๐ ๐ข ๐ช
z ๐ณ ๐ง ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ฏ ๐ ๐ ๐ท ๐ ๐ฃ ๐ซ
ฤฑ N/A ๐ค N/A
ศท N/A ๐ฅ N/A

### Greek letters and symbols

Normal Bold Italic Bold
italic
Sans-
serif
bold
Sans-
serif
bold
italic
ฮ ๐จ ๐ข ๐ ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฉ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ช ๐ค ๐ ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ซ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฌ ๐ฆ ๐  ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ญ ๐ง ๐ก ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฎ ๐จ ๐ข ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฏ ๐ฉ ๐ฃ ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฐ ๐ช ๐ค ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฑ ๐ซ ๐ฅ ๐ ๐
ฮ ๐ฒ ๐ฌ ๐ฆ ๐  ๐
ฮ ๐ณ ๐ญ ๐ง ๐ก ๐
ฮ ๐ด ๐ฎ ๐จ ๐ข ๐
ฮ ๐ต ๐ฏ ๐ฉ ๐ฃ ๐
ฮ ๐ถ ๐ฐ ๐ช ๐ค ๐
ฮ  ๐ท ๐ฑ ๐ซ ๐ฅ ๐
ฮก ๐ธ ๐ฒ ๐ฌ ๐ฆ ๐
ฯด ๐น ๐ณ ๐ญ ๐ง ๐ก
ฮฃ ๐บ ๐ด ๐ฎ ๐จ ๐ข
ฮค ๐ป ๐ต ๐ฏ ๐ฉ ๐ฃ
ฮฅ ๐ผ ๐ถ ๐ฐ ๐ช ๐ค
ฮฆ ๐ฝ ๐ท ๐ฑ ๐ซ ๐ฅ
ฮง ๐พ ๐ธ ๐ฒ ๐ฌ ๐ฆ
ฮจ ๐ฟ ๐น ๐ณ ๐ญ ๐ง
ฮฉ ๐ ๐บ ๐ด ๐ฎ ๐จ
โ ๐ ๐ป ๐ต ๐ฏ ๐ฉ
ฮฑ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ถ ๐ฐ ๐ช
ฮฒ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ท ๐ฑ ๐ซ
ฮณ ๐ ๐พ ๐ธ ๐ฒ ๐ฌ
ฮด ๐ ๐ฟ ๐น ๐ณ ๐ญ
ฮต ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐ด ๐ฎ
ฮถ ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ต ๐ฏ
ฮท ๐ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ถ ๐ฐ
ฮธ ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ท ๐ฑ
ฮน ๐ ๐ ๐พ ๐ธ ๐ฒ
ฮบ ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐น ๐ณ
ฮป ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐บ ๐ด
ฮผ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ป ๐ต
ฮฝ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ผ ๐ถ
ฮพ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ ๐ท
ฮฟ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐พ ๐ธ
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ ๐น
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐บ
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ป
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ผ
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฝ
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐พ
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ฟ
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
โ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯต ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯฐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯฑ ๐  ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯ ๐ก ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐
ฯ ๐
ฯ ๐

### Digits

Normal Bold Double-
struck
Sans-
serif
Sans-
serif
bold
Mono-
space
0 ๐ ๐ ๐ข ๐ฌ ๐ถ
1 ๐ ๐ ๐ฃ ๐ญ ๐ท
2 ๐ ๐ ๐ค ๐ฎ ๐ธ
3 ๐ ๐ ๐ฅ ๐ฏ ๐น
4 ๐ ๐ ๐ฆ ๐ฐ ๐บ
5 ๐ ๐ ๐ง ๐ฑ ๐ป
6 ๐ ๐ ๐จ ๐ฒ ๐ผ
7 ๐ ๐ ๐ฉ ๐ณ ๐ฝ
8 ๐ ๐  ๐ช ๐ด ๐พ
9 ๐ ๐ก ๐ซ ๐ต ๐ฟ

## Unicode chart

 Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols[1][2] Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+1D40x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D41x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D42x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D43x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D44x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D45x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D46x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D47x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D48x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D49x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D4Ax ๐ข ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D4Bx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐ป ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D4Cx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D4Dx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D4Ex ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D4Fx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D50x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D51x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D52x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D53x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ U+1D54x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D55x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D56x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D57x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D58x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D59x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D5Ax ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D5Bx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D5Cx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D5Dx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D5Ex ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D5Fx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D60x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D61x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D62x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D63x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D64x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D65x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D66x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D67x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D68x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D69x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D6Ax ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D6Bx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D6Cx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D6Dx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D6Ex ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D6Fx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D70x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D71x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D72x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D73x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D74x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D75x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D76x ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D77x ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D78x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D79x ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D7Ax ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D7Bx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ U+1D7Cx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D7Dx ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ ๐ U+1D7Ex ๐ ๐ก ๐ข ๐ฃ ๐ค ๐ฅ ๐ฆ ๐ง ๐จ ๐ฉ ๐ช ๐ซ ๐ฌ ๐ญ ๐ฎ ๐ฏ U+1D7Fx ๐ฐ ๐ฑ ๐ฒ ๐ณ ๐ด ๐ต ๐ถ ๐ท ๐ธ ๐น ๐บ ๐ป ๐ผ ๐ฝ ๐พ ๐ฟ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

## History

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
3.1 U+1D400..1D454, 1D456..1D49C, 1D49E..1D49F, 1D4A2, 1D4A5..1D4A6, 1D4A9..1D4AC, 1D4AE..1D4B9, 1D4BB, 1D4BD..1D4C0, 1D4C2..1D4C3, 1D4C5..1D505, 1D507..1D50A, 1D50D..1D514, 1D516..1D51C, 1D51E..1D539, 1D53B..1D53E, 1D540..1D544, 1D546, 1D54A..1D550, 1D552..1D6A3, 1D6A8..1D7C9, 1D7CE..1D7FF 991 L2/98-405 Beeton, Barbara; Ion, Patrick (1998-12-01), Proposal to encode additional mathematical and technical symbols in ISO/IEC 10646
L2/98-406 Sargent, Murray (1998-12-01), Proposal to encode mathematical variant tags
L2/99-049 Beeton, Barbara (1999-01-22), Addendum to L2/98-405: Request for assignment of codes to mathematical and technical symbols
L2/99-045 Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara (1999-02-04), Proposal to encode mathematical alphanumeric symbols
L2/99-188 Beeton, Barbara; Sargent, Murray (1999-06-09), Proposal to encode mathematical alphanumeric symbols
L2/99-199 Freytag, Asmus (1999-06-14), Math Alphabets
L2/99-195 N2086 Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara (1999-09-02), Proposal to encode mathematical alphanumeric symbols
L2/00-002 Beeton, Barbara (2000-01-09), Request for assignment of codes to mathematical and technical symbols that do not appear in Unicode 2.0 or ISO/IEC 10646
L2/00-074 N2168 Karlsson, Kent (2000-03-02), Comments on "Math Alphanumeric" characters for 10646-2
L2/00-094 N2191 Proposal for Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in the BMP, 2000-03-14
N2191R Whistler, Ken; Freytag, Asmus (2000-04-19), Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in Unicode
L2/00-239 Davis, Mark (2000-07-07), Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-240 Whistler, Ken (2000-07-07), Re: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-249 Karlsson, Kent (2000-08-03), Re: UTC Agenda item: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-250 Davis, Mark (2000-08-03), Re: UTC Agenda item: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-251 Whistler, Ken (2000-08-03), Re: UTC Agenda item: Mathematical Letter Symbols
L2/00-271 Sargent, Murray (2000-08-11), A Few Remarks Concerning the Math Alphanumerics
L2/00-280 Whistler, Ken (2000-08-22), Math alphanumerics and MathML: A challenge
L2/00-336 N2272 Freytag, Asmus (2000-09-15), On the requirements for alphanumeric fonts for mathematical use
L2/02-366 Pantelia, Maria (2002-11-07), Proposal to encode two Letterlike Symbols in the UCS
L2/02-345 Moore, Lisa (2002-11-18), "93-C18", UTC #93 Minutes
4.0 U+1D4C1 1 N2449 Defect Report on MATHEMATICAL SCRIPT SMALL L, 2002-05-15
L2/02-372 N2453 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2002-10-30), "12.2", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 42
4.1 U+1D6A4..1D6A5 2 L2/03-194 N2590 Freytag, Asmus (2003-06-09), Additional Mathematical and Letterlike Characters
5.0 U+1D7CA..1D7CB 2 L2/04-406 Freytag, Asmus; Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara; Carlisle, David (2004-11-15), Progress report on Mathematical Symbols
L2/04-410 Freytag, Asmus (2004-11-18), Twenty six mathematical characters
1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
2. ^ Refer to the history section of the Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B block for additional math-related documents