A mathematical object is an abstract concept arising in mathematics. In usual language of mathematics, an object is anything that has been (or could be) formally defined, and with which one may do deductive reasoning and mathematical proofs. Typically, a mathematical object can be the value of a variable, and therefore can be involved in formulas. Commonly encountered mathematical objects include: numbers, integers, integer partition, or expressions. Each branch of mathematics has its own objects. Some examples are:
- Abstract algebra
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Azzouni, J., 1994. Metaphysical Myths, Mathematical Practice. Cambridge University Press.
- Burgess, John, and Rosen, Gideon, 1997. A Subject with No Object. Oxford Univ. Press.
- Davis, Philip and Reuben Hersh, 1999 . The Mathematical Experience. Mariner Books: 156–62.
- Gold, Bonnie, and Simons, Roger A., 2011. Proof and Other Dilemmas: Mathematics and Philosophy. Mathematical Association of America.
- Hersh, Reuben, 1997. What is Mathematics, Really? Oxford University Press.
- Sfard, A., 2000, "Symbolizing mathematical reality into being, Or how mathematical discourse and mathematical objects create each other," in Cobb, P., et al., Symbolizing and communicating in mathematics classrooms: Perspectives on discourse, tools and instructional design. Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Stewart Shapiro, 2000. Thinking about mathematics: The philosophy of mathematics. Oxford University Press.