Mathilde Wesendonck (23 December 1828 – 31 August 1902) was a German poet and author. She is best known as the friend and possible paramour of Richard Wagner, who set five songs to her words, called the Wesendonck Lieder.
Agnes Mathilde Luckemeyer was born in Elberfeld (now part of Wuppertal) in the Rhineland of Germany in 1828. In 1848 she married the silk merchant Otto Wesendonck (sometimes erroneously seen as von Wesendonck). Otto was a great admirer of Wagner's music, and after he and Mathilde met the composer in Zurich in 1852, he placed a cottage on his estate at Wagner's disposal. By 1857, Wagner had become infatuated with Mathilde. It is not known whether she returned his affections to the same degree, or if the affair - if there was one - was ever consummated. Nevertheless, the episode inspired Wagner to put aside his work on Der Ring des Nibelungen (which would not be resumed for the next twelve years) and begin work on Tristan und Isolde.
In 1858, Wagner’s wife Minna intercepted a romantic letter from Wagner to Mathilde. After the resulting confrontation, Wagner left Zürich alone, for Venice. Minna went to Dresden to stay with her family. She wrote to Mathilde before departing for Dresden:
"I must tell you with a bleeding heart that you have succeeded in separating my husband from me after nearly twenty-two years of marriage. May this noble deed contribute to your peace of mind, to your happiness."
In her autobiographical reminiscences Mathilde later wrote about Wagner's stay in Zürich, but made no mention of troubles with Minna. She died in Altmünster (Austria) in 1902, and she is buried at the Alten Friedhof with the Wesendonck family in Bonn, Germany.
- Gedichte, Volkslieder, Legenden, Sagen (ca. 1864)
- Märchen u. Märchen Spiele (1864)
- Natur-Mythen: Mai 1865 (1865)
- Genovefa: Trauerspiel in 3 Aufzügen (1866)
- Gudrun. Schauspiel in 5 Akten (1868), online at Google Books
- Deutsches Kinderbuch in Wort und Bild (1869)
- Friedrich der Grosse: dramatische Bilder nach Franz Kugler (1871)
- Edith, oder, Die Schlacht bei Hastings: ein Trauerspiel (1872)
- Gedichte, Volksweisen, Legenden und Sagen (1874)
- Der Baldur-Mythos (1875)
- Odysseus: ein dramatisches Gedicht in zwei Theilen und einem Vorspiel (1878)
- Alte und neue Kinder-Lieder und Reime (1890)
- Alkestis: Schauspiel in vier Aufzügen. (1891)