Government Museum, Mathura
|Director||Dr. Shiv Prashad Singh|
Government Museum, Mathura commonly referred as Mathura museum is an archaeological museum in Mathura city of Uttar Pradesh state in India. The museum was founded by then collector of the Mathura district, Sir F. S. Growse in 1874. Initially it was known as Curzon Museum of Archaeology, then Archaeology Museum, Mathura, and finally changed to the Government Museum, Mathura.
The museum houses artifacts pottery, sculptures, paintings, and coins primarily from in and around Mathura, plus discoveries made by noted colonial archaeologists like Alexander Cunningham, F. S. Growse, and Fuhrer. The museum is famous for ancient sculptures of the Mathura school dating from 3rd century BC to 12th century AD., during Kushan Empire and Gupta Empire. today it is one of the leading museums of Uttar Pradesh.
The Government of India issued a postage stamp on 9 October 1974 on the centenary of the museum.
Jain chaumukha sculpture with Suparshvanatha and Three Other Tirthankaras, 1st century
Jain Ashtamangala, 1st century
Jain colossal head, Gupta period
Rishabhanatha idol, 6th century
Parshvanatha, Post Gupta Period, 6th-8th Century CE
Goddess Ambika - Medieval Period
Four-armed seated Vishnu in meditation. Medieval Period, Pannapur.
Naminatha, 12th century
Statue of Victoria, Empress of India
- "Government Museum, Mathura". Parampara Project, Ministry of Culture, govt. of India. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Priceless artefacts hidden away from tourists' eyes". The Tribune. 18 August 2002.
- "Mathura-A Treasure Trove Of AntiquitieS". IGNCA website. 2001 Vol. III (May - June). Archived from the original on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2010. Check date values in:
- Dated 150 BCE in Fig. 15-17, general comments p.26-27 in Quintanilla, Sonya Rhie (2007). History of Early Stone Sculpture at Mathura: Ca. 150 BCE - 100 CE. BRILL. ISBN 9789004155374.
- Dated 100 BCE in Fig.88 in Quintanilla, Sonya Rhie (2007). History of Early Stone Sculpture at Mathura: Ca. 150 BCE - 100 CE. BRILL. p. 368, Fig. 88. ISBN 9789004155374.
- Myer, Prudence R. (1986). "Bodhisattvas and Buddhas: Early Buddhist Images from Mathurā". Artibus Asiae. 47 (2): 111–113 Fig. 10. doi:10.2307/3249969. ISSN 0004-3648. JSTOR 3249969.
- Annual report 1909-10. ASI. pp. 63–65.
- "Naigamesa was a popular deity in the Kushana period and we have at least eight figures of this god from Mathura assignable to c. 1st to 3rd century A.D. (GMM., E. 1, 15.909, 15, 1001, 15. 1046, 15. 1115, 34.2402, 34. 2547, SML., J 626, etc)" in Joshi, Nilakanth Purushottam (1986). Mātr̥kās, Mothers in Kuṣāṇa Art. Kanak Publications. p. 41.
- Sharma, R. C. 1976. Mathura Museum and Art. 2nd revised and enlarged edition. Government Museum, Mathura.
- Growse, F. S. 1882. Mathura A District Memoir.
- Kumar, Jitendera. Masterpieces Of Mathura Museum. Sundeep Prakashan. ISBN 81-7574-118-X.
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