Mati, Davao Oriental

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Mati
City of Mati
Capitol Hill
Capitol Hill
Official seal of Mati
Nickname: 
Coconut Capital of the Philippines
Map of Davao Oriental with Mati highlighted
Map of Davao Oriental with Mati highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Mati is located in Philippines
Mati
Mati
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 6°56′54″N 126°13′38″E / 6.9483°N 126.2272°E / 6.9483; 126.2272Coordinates: 6°56′54″N 126°13′38″E / 6.9483°N 126.2272°E / 6.9483; 126.2272
CountryPhilippines
RegionDavao Region
ProvinceDavao Oriental
District 2nd district
Founded1861
IncorporatedOctober 29, 1903
CityhoodJune 16, 2007 (Lost cityhood in 2008 and 2010)
Affirmed CityhoodFebruary 15, 2011
Barangays26 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMichelle Marie Denise N. Rabat (PDP-LABAN)
 • Vice MayorLorenzo Leon G. Rabat (HNP)
 • RepresentativeCheeno D. Almario
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate96,387 registered voters (2022)
Area
 • Total588.63 km2 (227.27 sq mi)
Elevation
98 m (322 ft)
Highest elevation
2,320 m (7,610 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total147,547
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
 • Households
35,137
DemonymMatinians
Economy
 • Income class5th city income class
 • Poverty incidence21.51% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱1,259,773,123.15 (2020)
 • Assets₱1,638,379,824.63 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱1,162,039,989.23 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱520,114,272.01 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityDavao Oriental Electric Cooperative (DORECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
8200
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)87
Native languagesDavawenyo
Surigaonon
Cebuano
Kalagan
Kamayo
Tagalog
Websitewww.mati.gov.ph

Mati, officially known as the City of Mati (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Mati; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Mati), is a 5th class component city and capital of the province of Davao Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 147,547 people.[5]

It is located on the south-eastern side of Mindanao.

History[edit]

Dahican Beach at Mati

Mati comes from the Mandayan word Maa-ti, which refers to the town's creek that easily dries up even after heavy rain. Pioneer settlers were tribes Kalagan, Mandayan and both Maguindanao & Maranao whom carried strong Arabic and Indo-Malayan influences.

Spanish period[edit]

Captain Prudencio Garcia, the pioneer political-military head in 1861, and his comrade Juan Nazareno founded the settlement of Mati and two other communities in Davao Oriental.[6]

American period[edit]

By October 29, 1903, Mati was declared a municipality by virtue of Act No. 21.[6] By 1907, Act No. 189 further reaffirmed the establishment of its local government. Francisco Rojas was the first appointed mayor while the first elected mayor was Patricio Cunanan in 1923. Mati became the capital of Davao Oriental in 1967.

Japanese occupation and World War II[edit]

The Japanese Imperial forces landed in town and occupied most of eastern Davao region in 1942. Mati was liberated in 1945 by the Allied Philippine Commonwealth troops of the 6th, 10th, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th, 106th, 107th and 110th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 10th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the Davaoeño guerrilla units.

Contemporary Period[edit]

Mati celebrated its grand centennial of its founding as a town in 2003.[7]

Cityhood[edit]

The Baywalk of Mati
The "I Love Mati" Sign in the Mati Park and Baywalk

On June 20, 2007, the Commission on Elections officially proclaimed the ratification of Republic Act 9408 converting the Municipality of Mati into a component city.

There were 18,267 actual voters out of the 51,287 registered voters in 26 villages and 266 polling precincts during the June 18 plebiscite. Final tabulation showed Yes – 18,267 votes (35.6%); No – 846 (1.6%).[8]

The Supreme Court declared the cityhood law of Mati and 15 other cities unconstitutional after a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines in its ruling on November 18, 2008. On December 22, 2009, the cityhood law of Mati and 15 other municipalities regain its status as cities again after the court reversed its ruling on November 18, 2008. On August 23, 2010, the court reinstated its ruling on November 18, 2008, causing Mati and 15 cities to become regular municipalities. Finally, on February 15, 2011, Mati becomes a city again including the 15 municipalities declaring that the conversion to cityhood met all legal requirements.

After six years of legal battle, in its board resolution, the League of Cities of the Philippines acknowledged and recognized the cityhood of Mati and 15 other cities.

Geography[edit]

Pujada Bay and Sleeping Dinosaur Island, view from Badas Point

Mati is home to three protected areas, the Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary, Mati Protected Landscape, and Pujada Bay Protected Landscape and Seascape. The Dahican Beach is also frequented by tourists and locals.

Barangays[edit]

Mati is politically subdivided into 26 barangays. In 1957, the barrio then known as Cabuaya was renamed to Dawan.[9]

  • Badas
  • Bobon
  • Buso
  • Cabuaya
  • Central (City Proper/Poblacion)
  • Culian
  • Dahican
  • Danao
  • Dawan
  • Don Enrique Lopez
  • Don Martin Marundan
  • Don Salvador Lopez, Sr.
  • Langka
  • Lawigan
  • Libudon
  • Luban
  • Macambol
  • Mamali
  • Matiao
  • Mayo
  • Sainz
  • Sanghay
  • Tagabakid
  • Tagbinonga
  • Taguibo
  • Tamisan

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mati City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 168
(6.6)
141
(5.6)
143
(5.6)
141
(5.6)
216
(8.5)
235
(9.3)
183
(7.2)
169
(6.7)
143
(5.6)
176
(6.9)
226
(8.9)
168
(6.6)
2,109
(83.1)
Average rainy days 22.1 18.5 21.7 22.5 27.8 28.1 27.4 26.6 24.7 26.3 26.5 24.9 297.1
Source: Meteoblue[10]

Demographics[edit]

Mati is the fifth largest city/municipality in Davao Region, after Davao City, Tagum, Panabo, and Digos.[11]

Population census of Mati
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,365—    
1918 7,649+12.18%
1939 10,200+1.38%
1948 11,562+1.40%
1960 23,479+6.08%
1970 53,242+8.52%
1975 73,125+6.57%
1980 78,178+1.34%
1990 93,023+1.75%
1995 93,801+0.16%
2000 105,908+2.64%
2007 122,046+1.98%
2010 126,143+1.21%
2015 141,141+2.16%
2020 147,547+0.88%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[12][13][14][15]

Ethnicity and Languages[edit]

Cebuano is the most widely spoken language and the corresponding ethnicity (which includes the Boholano subgroup) accounts for 71.55% of the total household population according to a 2000 census. Mandaya ranks second with 12.74%, followed by Kalagan with 6.87%. Most residents of Mati are descendants of migrants from the Visayas who came for employment opportunities in logging, mining, farming, fishing, trading and teaching.[16]

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism is the major religious group, comprising the 80% of the total population. Islam comes in second with 8 percent, Iglesia Ni Cristo comes in third comprising with 6 percent. A small number of believers of other Christian groups like the United Church of Christ and Seventh Day Adventist are in the city as well.[16]

The Cathedral of San Nicolas de Tolentino is the center of Diocese of Mati under the jurisdiction of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Davao. Two parishes are in Mati: one in the town center and one in Barangay Dawan.[17]

Economy[edit]

This region is linked to the markets of Mindanao, Malaysia and Indonesia. Most of the local people rely on agriculture and agro-industries for a living. Exports include bananas, pineapples, coconuts and fish. Because of its tropical nature and beaches, tourism is a rapidly growing business. Mining is also a contributor to the city's economy, due to the large deposits of copper in the city outskirts.[25]

Culture[edit]

Mati celebrates two annual grand festivals: the Pujada Bay Festival every June, and the Sambuokan Festival every October. Compared to the Kadayawan of Davao and other festivals, both of Mati's are relatively new. The Pujada Bay Festival started in 2004 to promote and protect the Pujada Bay, while the Sambuokan Festival started in 2001 to unite Matinians during the commemoration of the municipality's founding anniversary every October 29. In years, both festivals have become alternative tourist destinations as competitors from various regions in the country start pouring in for competitions like streetdancing, boat racing, skimboarding, and frisbee.

Education[edit]

Mati City is the educational center of the province of Davao Oriental. The state university of the province, the Davao Oriental State University, is in Dahican, as is the Davao Oriental Regional Science High School. There are two other colleges in the city: Mati Polytechnic College and Mati Doctors College.

In basic education, seven private schools, sixteen public high schools, and a number of public elementary schools are located in the city.[26] The City Schools Division of Mati supervises these schools.

Insfrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The pedicab or tricycle is the major means of transportation around the city. In recent years, underbone motorcycles have earned quite a popularity among professionals and students, thus easily becoming a public transport alternative to commuters who prefer more speed. Jeepneys are available for travels from Mati to its neighboring towns while vans and buses are still the only means of transportation from Mati to other cities.

Mati Airport is meant to serve the city, but only accommodates chartered flights.

There is also a seaport in Mati. The Mati Seaport in Pujada Bay is one of only three seaports in the whole province of Davao Oriental.

Power[edit]

Mati is served by the Davao Oriental Electric Cooperative for its power needs.

Water service[edit]

The Mati City Water District is the local water provider for the city.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Mati | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ Census of Population (2020). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "Philippine Standard Geographic Code (PSGC) | Philippine Statistics Authority". psa.gov.ph. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "History of Davao Oriental". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  7. ^ "DECLARING 2003 AS THE CENTENNIAL YEAR OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF MATI, PROVINCE OF DAVAO ORIENTAL". Retrieved October 1, 2021.
  8. ^ Sun.Star Davao - Mati now a city Archived June 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio of Cabuaya, Municipality of Mati, Province of Davao, to Barrio Dawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "Mati City: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  11. ^ "Population of Region XI - Davao (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  12. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  13. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  14. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  15. ^ "Province of Davao Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  16. ^ a b "About". Official Website of the City of Mati. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  17. ^ "Parishes and Parochial Clergy - Diocese of Mati". CBCP Online. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
  18. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  22. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  24. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  25. ^ "Mati Travel Guide, Philippines | Travelgrove.com". travelgrove.com. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
  26. ^ "Mati City Public High School". Philippines Schools. Retrieved March 16, 2017.

External links[edit]