(Abdul) Mati Klarwein
Klarwein in 1990
April 9, 1932
|Died||March 7, 2002 (aged 69)|
|Education||Académie Julian, École des Beaux-Arts, Paris|
|Known for||Painting, Drawing, Film|
Grain of Sand (1963-65)
Bitches Brew (1969)
Aleph Sanctuary (1963-70)
|Movement||Surrealism, Fantastic Realism, Visionary art|
Abdul Mati Klarwein (April 9, 1932 – March 7, 2002) was a German painter best known for his works used on the covers of music albums.
Mati Klarwein was born in Hamburg, Germany. His mother Elsa Kühne was an opera singer and his father Joseph Klarwein was a Brick Expressionist architect and later with the Bauhaus movement. His family was of Jewish origin and they fled to the British Mandate of Palestine when he was two years old, after the rise of Nazi Germany. In 1948 when the territory became Israel, his family traveled to Paris. There Mati studied from 1949 to 1951 with Fernand Léger, and attended the art schools École des Beaux-Arts and Académie Julian.
Klarwein added "Abdul" (which means "servant" in Arabic) to his name in the late 1950s to express his sentiments about the hostility between Jews and Muslims in the Middle East: he felt that to understand each other better, every Jew should adopt a Muslim first name, and vice versa. In 1956 he met Kitty Lillaz, and traveled with her around the world, including Tibet, India, Bali, North Africa, Turkey, Europe and the Americas.
In the early 1960s he settled for a while in New York City, meeting Jimi Hendrix. At a New York exhibition in 1961, organized by Lillaz for the unveiling of the painting Flight to Egypt Klarwein met Salvador Dali for the first time, whom he called a spiritual father. The same year he met his wife Sofia Klarwein. Among other painters he met more often was Arik Brauer. In 1965, he obtained French citizenship with the support of André Malraux.
Style and technique
During his time in Saint-Tropez he met Ernst Fuchs, who would have a profound influence on his technique, teaching him the Mischtechnik. Much of Klarwein's most famous work is inspired by surrealism and pop culture, but also reflects his interest in deities and symbolism.
Klarwein is still best known for his art of the 1960s and 1970s, with its clear links to surrealism, popular psychedelic imagery, ethnic and exotic themes, erotic, and religious art from a number of different traditions. He also worked more conventionally across a variety of genres including still life, landscape, and portrait.
The art and culture magazine Juxtapoz, quoting an unnamed source, wrote that Klarwein was "often considered 'the man literally responsible for every great, legendary record cover you've ever seen—if he didn't do it, he inspired it.'" Despite the hyperbole of this claim, it is true that many people would immediately recognize his vivid, colorful style from album covers for Miles Davis's Bitches Brew and Santana's Abraxas (both released in 1970).
During the '60s Klarwein's fame grew and some of the decade's most progressive musicians used his artwork for their album covers.
In his painting Grain of Sand (1963–1965), many disparate images are combined together in one massive, yet oddly coherent work. Klarwein's own words illuminate the work: "I projected it as a sort of painted musical comedy movie with a Sanskrit swinging cast of thousands, starring Marilyn Monroe, Anita Ekberg, Ray Charles, Pablo Picasso, Brigitte Bardot, Roland Kirk, Cannonball Adderley, Ahmed Abdul Malik, Wonder Woman, Delacroix's Orphan Girl at the Cemetery, Litri and his bullfighters, Lawrence of Arabia, Socrates, Dalí, Rama, Vishnu, Ganesh, the Zork and a Milky Way of Playmates."
Klarwein created the cover for the 2 February 1970 Time magazine issue, showing the face of Barry Commoner (visit article for artwork), projecting a powerful image of ecology, which took the stage for the first time in the public eye.
Klarwein's painting Annunciation from 1961 was seen in reproduction by the musician Carlos Santana, who subsequently used it 1970 as the cover image of his band Santana's second album Abraxas. In the following years Klarwein produced comparably striking designs for the covers of two Miles Davis albums, Bitches Brew (1969) and Live-Evil (1971). His painting Zonked (1970) was originally planned as the cover image for Betty Davis's self-titled album, and was later used for the Last Poets album Holy Terror in 1993. In 1971 his cover was on the album Last Days and Time by Earth, Wind & Fire. A cover he made for Jimi Hendrix was used on a single in 1974 and for a compilation in 2010.
The association of his images with these very successful and widely admired musicians of the time made Klarwein's work known outside the circle of lovers of contemporary art. Many of these paintings, and others, were included in Klarwein's first book Milk n' Honey (1973).
In 1971 he went to Hamburg and created set paintings for the film Herman Hesse's Steppenwolf. In the mid-1970s, Klarwein began a series of paintings which he referred to as "real-estate paintings" or "inscapes". In the late 1970s he collaborated with trumpeter Jon Hassell for a couple of albums on Brian Eno's Ambient label; these albums used several of Klarwein's "inscapes" on their covers.
1980s and later
In the '80's, Klarwein began to focus on landscape compositions, which were detailed, had different perspectives and often included floric textures. During the 1980s and 1990s, Klarwein would occasionally search for cheap paintings at flea markets and "improve" them, painting over them or adding things at his whim. Klarwein made over a hundred of these "improved paintings" throughout his career. In 1983 he published Inscapes Real-Estate Paintings, which included an interview where Klarwein said about his work, "Some visual artworks are made to be talked about more than to be seen, others are made to be seen more than to be talked about. I think I belong in the latter category."
Klarwein also painted many commissioned portraits, including Robert Graves, Noël Coward, Juliette Binoche, Richard Gere, Michael Douglas and Brigitte Bardot. He died of cancer on March 7, 2002, in Deià, on the Spanish island of Majorca.
- Aïyb Dieng/Bill Laswell - Rhythmagick (1997)
- Bach/Igor Kipnis/Neville Marriner - The Complete Concertos for Harpsichord and Orchestra (1978)
- Buddy Miles - Live (1971)
- Buddy Miles - Message to the People (1971)
- Buddy Miles Express - Hell and Back (1994)
- Earth, Wind & Fire - Last Days and Time (1972)
- Elements - Illumination (1987)
- Elements - Forward Motion (1990?)
- Eric Dolphy - Iron Man (1963)
- George Duke - Secret Rendezvous (1984)
- Gregg Allman - Laid Back (1973)
- Herbie Hancock - Sextant (1973)
- Hermeto Pascoal e Grupo - Só Não Toca Quem Não Quer (Only If You Don't Want It) (1987)
- Howard Wales & Jerry Garcia - Hooteroll? (1971)
- Jackie McLean - Demon's Dance (1968?)
- Jam & Spoon (feat. Plavka) - Kaleidoscope (1997)
- Joe Beck - Beck (1975)
- Jon Hassell - Maarifa Street: Magic Realism 2 (2005)
- Jon Hassell - Magic Realism: Aka/Darbari/Java (1983)
- Jon Hassell - Fourth World vol. 2: Dream Theory in Malaya (1981)
- Jon Hassell - Earthquake Island (1978)
- Leonard Bernstein - Age of Anxiety (1966)
- Malcolm X - By Any Means Necessary (1971)
- Mark Egan - Mosaic (1985)
- Michael Shrieve - Two Doors (1996)
- Miles Davis - Bitches Brew (1970)
- Miles Davis - Live-Evil (1971)
- Osibisa - Heads (1972)
- Per Tjernberg & Mati Klarwein - No Man's Land (1997)
- Per Tjernberg - Universal Riddim (2000)
- Per Tjernberg - Universal Riddim 2 (2005)
- Reuben Wilson - Blue Mode (1970?)
- Santana - Abraxas (1970) (painting title, Annunciation)
- Symphonic Slam - Symphonic Slam (1976)
- Tempest - Living in Fear (1974)
- The Chambers Brothers - New Generation (1970)
- The Last Poets - This Is Madness (1971)
- The Last Poets - Holy Terror (1993)
- The Maids of Gravity - The First Second (1996)
- The Mooney Suzuki - Alive & Amplified (2004)
- White Lightnin' - White Lightnin' (1975)
- Milk n' Honey (1973) Harmony Books, New York
- God Jokes (1976) Harmony Books, New York
- Inscapes: Real-Estate Paintings (1983) Harmony Books, New York
- Collected Works 1959-1975 (1988) Raymond Martin Press, Germany
- A Thousand Windows and Improved Paintings: Bad Paintings Made Gooder (1995) Max Publishing, Spain
- Improved Paintings 1979-2000 (2000) Max Publishing, Spain
- Paradise Lost and Found (2005) Consell de Mallorca, Spain ISBN 84-96430-13-8
- Mati & the Music - 52 Album Covers (2012) 213 Librairies, France ISBN 9788492480197
- Joseph Klarwein, Wikimedia commons
- L. Caruana (2004). "Mati Klarwein Remembered".
- "Really Fantastic: Glenn O'Brien on Mati Klarwein - Slant - Obituary". 2002.
- "Flight to Egypt (Benares), Mati Klarwein (1959-1961)".
- Lush life: Mati Klarwein by Rob Young
- "Mati Klarwein - Biography".
- Nora Ritchie. "The Story Behind: Mati Klarwein's Bitches Brew Album Art".
- "Mati Klarwein Remembered: Balthazar Klarwein Interview". Archived from the original on 2014-04-19.
- "The legendary Mati Klarwein". Juxtapoz. April 1, 2014.
- Grain of Sand by Mati Klarwein - Surrealist and Visionary Art
- Eldon H. Franz (2001). "Ecology, Values, and Policy". BioScience. 51: 469–474. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0469:EVAP]2.0.CO;2.
- "...and a Happy New Year". 1974.
- "Jimi Hendrix: Merry Christmas And Happy New Year". 2010.
- Inscapes: Real-Estate Paintings. New York: Harmony Books. 1983. ISBN 0517549557.
- "Mati Klarwein - An Interview By Mati Klarwein".