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A Matica or Matice or Matitsa is a Slavic concept of a foundation which promotes national culture and gained prominence during the 19th-century romantic nationalism.[1]

In this context, the word matica is translated as queen bee or queen ant.

The matica structure has been particularly used among the West Slavic peoples and South Slavic peoples:

The term has additionally been used to refer to:


  1. ^ Marcel Cornis-Pope, John Neubauer (2004). History of the Literary Cultures of East-Central Europe: Junctures and Disjunctures in the 19th and 20th Centuries. 3. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 41–43. ISBN 9789027234551. Retrieved 2013-02-11.