Matija Škerbec

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Matija Škerbec
Matija Škerbec 1926.jpg
Matija Škerbec
Orders
Ordination July 15, 1912[1]
Personal details
Birth name Matija Škerbec
Born (1886-11-05)November 5, 1886
Podcerkev, Duchy of Carniola, Austria-Hungary
Died October 17, 1963(1963-10-17) (aged 76)
Cleveland, Ohio
Nationality Slovene
Denomination Roman Catholic

Matija Škerbec (November 5, 1886 – October 17, 1963), was a Slovene Roman Catholic priest, political figure, and writer.

Life[edit]

Matija Škerbec was born in the village of Podcerkev on November 5, 1886[1][2] to the tenant farmer Matija Škerbec and his wife Frančiška (née Palčič).[3]

He attended high school in Ljubljana from 1900 to 1908, and then studied theology in Ljubljana, graduating in 1912.[2] He served in the military for one year, achieving the rank of cadet.[4]

He first served at the seminary, and then as a curate in Škocjan from 1913 to 1916. He was a vicar at the Ljubljana Cathedral from 1916 to 1922. He served as the parish priest in Tržič from 1922 to 1928. In 1928 he was appointed diocesan spiritual advisor by Bishop Anton Bonaventura Jeglič. He then served as the parish priest in Kranj from 1928 to 1936,[5] where he had the parish church renovated and a new altar installed in 1934.[3] From 1936 to 1941 he served as dean in Kranj, which was the largest deanery in Slovenia at that time. In 1937 he expanded the Kranj orphanage.[3]

Work[edit]

Škerbec founded the Tržič Parish Bulletin (Slovene: Cerkveni glasnik za tržiško župnijo) in 1924 and edited it until 1928. In 1925 he founded the Runa Leatherworkers' Association in Tržič.[3] From 1929 to 1941 he edited the Kranj Bell (Slovene: Kranjski zvon), the parish bulletin for Kranj.[6]

He was a member of the Slovene People's Party, in which he was engaged with labor and social issues, closely associating with Marko Natlačen and Anton Korošec. In 1932 he was arrested and then imprisoned in 1933 for a year for participating in the anti-regime incident known as the Šenčur Events (Slovene: Šenčurski dogodki) on May 22, 1932.[2][3][7][8]

He started working for the Caritas charity in Ljubljana in 1942,[9] which not only aided refugees, but also helped finance the anti-communist White Guard.[8] In 1943 he participated in the Anticommunist Committee (Slovene: Protikomunistični odbor) and helped organized the Home Guard in Upper Carniola.[2] In May 1945 he emigrated first to Austrian Carinthia, where he participated in establishing the Social Committee for the Assistance of Slovenian Refugees, and then to the United States.[2][8]

After the war, Škerbec lived in Cleveland, Ohio, where his writings focused on wartime and postwar atrocities.[10] These publications detailed not only large-scale events, such as the Kucja Valley massacre, Kočevski Rog massacre, and Bleiburg massacre,[11] but also more local events such as the extrajudicial killings at Babna Gora, Brezje pri Dobrovi, and Žažar.[12]

Following the death of exiled Bishop Gregorij Rožman in 1959, Škerbec was a central figure in Slovenian emigration, in both religious and secular matters.[4] Škerbec died on October 17, 1963 at St. Vincent Charity Hospital in Cleveland.[13]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Šenčurski dogodki (The Šenčur Events; Kranj, 1937)
  • Naša Gospa presvetega Srca: šmarnice za l. 1942 (Our Lady of the Most Sacred Heart: May Devotions for 1942; Ljubljana, 1942)
  • Poročilo o delovanju škofijske dobrodelne pisarne v Ljubljani za leto 1943 (Report on the Operation of the Episcopal Charity Office in Ljubljana for 1943; Ljubljana, 1944)
  • Spomini in reminiscence na katoliško gibanje med Slovenci zadnjih 35 let (Memories and Reminiscences of the Catholic Movement among the Slovenes in the Past Thirty-Five Years; ca. 1948)
  • Rdeča zver, pijana krvi (The Red Beast, Drunk on Blood; Cleveland, 1950, 1951, 1951, 1952; 4 vol.)
  • Krivda rdeče fronte (The Guilt of the Red Front; Cleveland, 1954, 1957, 1961; 3 vol.)
  • Pregled novodobnega slovenskega katoliškega gibanja (Overview of the Modern Slovenian Catholic Movement; Cleveland, 1956, 1957; 2 vol.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Genealogy Today: Funeral card for Matija Škerbec
  2. ^ a b c d e Mlakar, Boris. 1999. "Škerbec, Matija." Enciklopedija Slovenije, vol. 13. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, p. 41.
  3. ^ a b c d e Slovenski biografski leksikon: Škerbec Matija (Slovene)
  4. ^ a b Spletni biografski leksikon znanih Gorenjk in Gorenjcev. Škerbec, Matija. (Slovene)
  5. ^ Ceglar, Ludovik. 1993. Nadškof Vovk in njegov čas 1900–1963. Klagenfurt: Mohorjeva, p. 65.
  6. ^ Bajec, Jože. 1973. Slovenski časniki in časopisi : bibliografski pregled od 1. januarja 1937 do osvoboditve 9. maja 1945. Ljubljana: Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica, p. 44.
  7. ^ Prunk, Janko. 1999. "Šenčurski dogodki." Enciklopedija Slovenije, vol. 13. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, p. 20.
  8. ^ a b c Hladnik, Miran. 2010. "Zoper cerkev in v njen bran." Gorenjski glas (August 7), p. 14.
  9. ^ Tamara Griesser-Pečar. 2005. Cerkev na zatožni klopi: sodni procesi, administrativne kazni, posegi "ljudske oblasti" v Sloveniji od 1943 do 1960. Ljubljana: Družina, p. 416.
  10. ^ Kranjc, Gregor. 2002. "Two Solitudes Revisited: A Historiographical Survey of Collaboration in Slovenia During World War II." Slovene Studies 24(1–2): 3–26, p. 11.
  11. ^ Matija Škerbec. 1957. Krivda rdeče fronte, vol. 2. Cleveland: Author; Klagenfurt: Mohorjeva družba, pp. 26, 90, 101.
  12. ^ Matija Škerbec. 1957. Krivda rdeče fronte, vol. 2. Cleveland: Author; Klagenfurt: Mohorjeva družba, pp. 20, 47, 48.
  13. ^ "Ohio, Death Index, 1908–1932, 1938–1944, and 1958–2007," index, FamilySearch (accessed 21 June 2012), Matija Skerbec, 1963.

External links[edit]