Matilde Pérez

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Matilde Pérez Cerda (December 7, 1916 – October 1, 2014) was a Chilean kinetic artist, painter, sculptor and visual artist.[1] She is regarded as a pioneer of modern and kinetic art in Chile.[1][2] Her best known public pieces include Túnel Cinético (Kinetic Tunnel) in 1970, and el Friso, which was originally constructed at the Centro Comercial Apumanque in 1982, but is now located at the University of Talca.[1]

She was born in Santiago, Chile, on December 7, 1916. Studied Art in the University of Chile, where was student of Pablo Burchard and Jorge Caballero, also receiving lectures by Pedro Reszka and Laureano Guevara. In the Fine Arts School she married Gustavo Carrasco Délano, and they had a son, the architect Gustavo Carrasco Pérez.

She moved to Paris, France, during the early 1960s, where she became interested in kinetic art, which focuses on movement, including the work of Victor Vasarely.[1][2][3] She joined the movement and became a kinetic artist herself.[3] Her work shows the "experimentation with the possibilities of creation of virtual movement through the optical illusion",[4] and "is based in the investigation of the visual effects of the abstract forms and the use of colour. Her paint combinates the study of the space, the line, the colour and the materials, which reveals a rigour in the composition, a rational control of colour and a respect to the support"[5]

Perez opened more than fifty art shows worldwide during the 2000s and 2010s,[3] including El Ojo Latino, Colección Luciano Benetton at the Contemporary Arts Museum of Santiago (2008), Exposición Arte en América at the La Moneda Palace's Cultural Centre (2010–2011), Mavi la Colección at the Visual Arts Museum of Santiago (2011), and her participation in the Chilean Fine Arts National Museum's Official Hall in 1939, 1943, 1944, 1947 and 1947.

In 2012, her retrospective exhibition opened at Pinta, the largest annual Latin American art show in London, when she was 95 years old.[3] She was still creating new artistic works at the time and expressed no interest in retiring from her work.[3] The BBC called her "one of the most widely acclaimed women in the international art world."[3] In an interview with BBC Mundo, she was quoted, "One changes if you're bored. If you're not bored you don't change."[3] Her last major exhibition, "Matilde X Matilde, Espacio móvil," featuring previously unpublished sketches and other materials, was held in 2013.[1]

The year 2004, she received the Altazor Award of National Arts in the Engraving and Drawing category by her work Serigrafías,[6] while in 2011 she received a new nomination to the same award by Acá en la Estructura.[7] In the 2013 version of this prize, she was nominated in the Painting category by Open Cube.[8] At the same year, she received the Academia Prize, otorgated by the Chilean Fine Arts Academy.

Matilde Pérez died from cardiac arrest in Santiago, Chile, on October 1, 2014, at the age of 97.[1] Her funeral was held at the Iglesia San Patricio in Las Condes with burial at Parque del Recuerdo in Huechuraba.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Muere la artista visual Matilde Pérez, pionera del arte cinético chileno". La Tercera. October 1, 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  2. ^ a b "A los 97 años muere Matilde Pérez, pionera del arte cinético en Chile". La Nación. October 2, 2014. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Plitt, Laura (June 15, 2012). "Retrospective of 95-year-old Chilean artist Matilde Perez in London". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  4. ^ Biblioteca del Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (ed.). "Matilde Pérez (1916–)". APCh, Artistas plásticos chilenos. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  5. ^ Museo de Arte Contemporáneo (ed.). "Matilde Pérez". Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  6. ^ Altazor – Premio a las Artes Nacionales (ed.). "Matilde Pérez – Serigrafías". Artes Visuales – Grabado y Dibujo. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  7. ^ Altazor – Premio a las Artes Nacionales (ed.). "Matilde Pérez – Acá en la estructura". Artes Visuales – Grabado y Dibujo. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  8. ^ Altazor – Premio a las Artes Nacionales (ed.). "Matilde Pérez – Open Cube". Artes Visuales – Pintura. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 24, 2013.