Photograph by Giacomo Brogi (before 1909)
|Born||7 March 1856|
|Died||25 July 1927|
Matilde Serao (Italian pronunciation: [maˈtilde seˈraːo]; 7 March 1856 – 25 July 1927) was a Greek-born Italian journalist and novelist. She was the founder and editor of Il Mattino, and she also wrote several novels. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in four different years.
She was born in the Greek city of Patras to an Italian father, Francesco Serao, and a Greek mother, Paolina Borely (or Bonelly). Her father had emigrated to Greece from Naples for political reasons.
She worked as a schoolmistress in Naples, and later described those years of laborious poverty in the preface to a book of short stories called Leggende Napolitane (1881). She first gained renown as a result of the publishing of her Novelle in Il Piccolo, a newspaper of Rocco de Zerbi, and later by her first novel, Fantasia (1883), which definitely established her as a writer full of feeling and analytical subtlety.
She spent the years between 1880 and 1886 in Rome, where she published her next five volumes of short stories and novels, all dealing with ordinary Italian, and especially Roman, life, and distinguished by great accuracy of observation and depth of insight: Cuore infermo (1881), Fior di passione (1883), La conquista di Roma (1885), La Virtù di checchina (1884), and Piccole anime (1883).
With her husband, Edoardo Scarfoglio, she founded Il Corriere di Roma, the first Italian attempt to model a daily journal along the lines of the Parisian press. The paper was short lived, and after its demise Serao established herself in Naples where she edited Il Corriere di Napoli. In 1892 she co-founded Il Mattino with her husband, which became the most important and most widely read daily paper of southern Italy. She established and ran her own newspaper, "Il Giorno" in 1904 until her death. The stress of a journalistic career in no way limited her literary activity; between 1890 and 1902 she produced Il paese di cuccagna, Il ventre di Napoli, Addio amore, All'erta sentinella, Castigo, La ballerina, Suor Giovanna della Croce, Paese di Gesù, novels in which the character of the people is rendered with sensitive power and sympathetic breadth of spirit. Most of these have been translated into English. The late nineteenth century English novelist George Gissing read three of her works in the original Italian between November 1894 and early January 1895, namely "Gli Amanti", "Cuore Infermo" and "Fantasia".
She died in 1927 in Naples.
Works in English translation
- Fantasy (1890)
- Farewell Love (1890)
- The Ballet Dancer and On Guard (1901)
- In the Country of Jesus (1901)
- The Land of Cockayne (1901)
- The Conquest of Rome (1902)
- After the Pardon (1909)
- The Desire of Life (1911)
- Souls Divided (1919)
- The Severed Hand (1925)
- The Harvest (1928)
- Heart Conditions (2018)
- "Nomination Database". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
- Romani, Gabriella (2006). "Matilde Serao (1856–1927)." In: Encyclopedia of Italian Literary Studies. New York: Routledge, p. 1735.
- Coustillas, Pierre ed. London and the Life of Literature in Late Victorian England: the Diary of George Gissing, Novelist. Brighton: Harvester Press, 1978, pp.351-3.
- Gisolfi, Anthony M. (1967). "The Dramatic Element in Matilde Serao's Little Masterpieces," Italica, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 433–445.
- Gisolfi, Anthony M. (1968). The Essential Matilde Serao. New York: Las Americas Publishing Company.
- James, Henry (1914). "Matilde Serao." In: Notes on Novelists. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, pp. 294–313.
- Kennard, Joseph Spencer (1906). "Matilde Serao." In: Italian Romance Writers. New York: Brentano's, pp. 273–301.
- Russo, Teresa G. (1997). "Matilde Serao: A True Verista for the Female Character," International Social Science Review, Vol. 72, No. 3/4, pp. 122–135.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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