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Matlalxochtzin (modern Nahuatl pronunciation Listenwas a daughter of Tlacacuitlahuatzin, the first tlatoani (ruler) of Tiliuhcan, one of the polities (altepetl) of the Tepanec people in the Valley of Mexico during the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology.[1] She was born in Tiliuhcan after her father had been elevated as tlatoani—his father Huehuetzin (Matlalxochtzin's grandfather) had been leader in Tiliuhcan but was only of eagle warrior rank.[2]

Matlalxochtzin and her older sister Miyahuaxochtzin were sent to the Mexica stronghold of Tenochtitlan to marry two sons of Acamapichtli, the founder of the Aztec imperial dynastic line. Miyahuaxochtzin became a wife of Huitzilihuitl while Matlalxochtzin was taken by his younger brother Tlatolqaca.[3]


  1. ^ Chimalpahin (1997, pp.118–119)
  2. ^ Chimalpahin (1997, p.119)
  3. ^ Chimalpahin (1997, p.119)


Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo de San Antón Muñón (1997) [c.1621]. Codex Chimalpahin, vol. 1: society and politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Culhuacan, and other Nahua altepetl in central Mexico; the Nahuatl and Spanish annals and accounts collected and recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin. Civilization of the American Indian series, no. 225. Arthur J.O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder (eds. and trans.), Susan Schroeder (general ed.), Wayne Ruwet (manuscript ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-2921-1. OCLC 36017075.