Matoaka, West Virginia

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Matoaka, West Virginia
Census-designated place
Bank of Matoaka West Virginia
Bank of Matoaka West Virginia
Location of Matoaka in Mercer County, West Virginia.
Location of Matoaka in Mercer County, West Virginia.
Coordinates: 37°25′7″N 81°14′31″W / 37.41861°N 81.24194°W / 37.41861; -81.24194Coordinates: 37°25′7″N 81°14′31″W / 37.41861°N 81.24194°W / 37.41861; -81.24194
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyMercer
Area
 • Total0.26 sq mi (0.68 km2)
 • Land0.26 sq mi (0.68 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,359 ft (719 m)
Population
 • Total227
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
207
 • Density784.09/sq mi (303.25/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
24736
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-52420[4]
GNIS feature ID1542868[5]

Matoaka is a census-designated place in Mercer County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 227 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Bluefield, WV-VA micropolitan area which has a population of 107,578. This town is named for Chief Powhatan's daughter Matoaka who was better known by her nickname "Pocahontas".[6] Matoaka became an unincorporated town when it voted to dissolve its charter in May 2018.[7]

Geography[edit]

Matoaka is located at 37°25′7″N 81°14′31″W / 37.41861°N 81.24194°W / 37.41861; -81.24194 (37.418741, -81.242028).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.26 square miles (0.67 km2), all land.[9]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Matoaka has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920647
193092943.6%
1940926−0.3%
19501,0038.3%
1960613−38.9%
1970608−0.8%
19806130.8%
1990366−40.3%
2000317−13.4%
2010227−28.4%
Est. 2018207[3]−8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

Welcome sign at the entrance of town

At the 2010 census there were 227 people, 87 households, and 60 families living in the town. The population density was 873.1 inhabitants per square mile (337.1/km2). There were 145 housing units at an average density of 557.7 per square mile (215.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.7% White, 0.4% African American, and 0.9% Asian.[2] Of the 87 households 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.1% of households were one person and 12.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the town was 40.2 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 18.9% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 317 people, 125 households, and 93 families living in the town. The population density was 1,181.9 inhabitants per square mile (453.3/km²). There were 155 housing units at an average density of 577.9 per square mile (221.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.74% White, 0.32% Asian, and 0.95% from two or more races.[4] Of the 125 households 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 23.2% of households were one person and 16.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.89.

The age distribution was 26.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.

The median household income was $17,159 and the median family income was $19,792. Males had a median income of $25,000 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,522. About 28.0% of families and 29.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.9% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Feb 16, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 406.
  7. ^ Jordan, Greg. "Matoaka residents vote to end incorporation". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Matoaka, West Virginia
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.