Matoniaceae

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Matoniaceae
Matonia pectinata - drawing by M. Seward.png
Matonia pectinata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida/Pteridopsida
(disputed)
Order: Gleicheniales
Family: Matoniaceae
C.Presl 1847
Genera

Matoniaceae is one of the three families of ferns in the Gleicheniales order of the Polypodiopsida class.[1][2] Fossil records reveal that Matoniaceae ferns were abundant during the Mesozoic era (about 250-million to 66-million years ago), during which they lived on every continent, including Antarctica, with eight genera and 26 species. Today the family is much less abundant, and also less diverse, with only two extant genera and four species,[3] which are limited to portions of southeastern Asia.[4]

The following diagram shows a likely phylogenic relationship with the other two families of the Gleicheniales.[5]

Gleicheniales

Gleicheniaceae

 6 extant genera




Dipteridaceae

 2 extant genera


 Matoniaceae 

Matonia



Phanerosorus





Extant taxa[edit]

Mesozoic subtaxa[edit]

Laccopteris elegans

Some common Mesozoic Matoniaceae genera and a sampling of their species include:

  • genus Laccopteris Presl 1838
    • species Laccopteris elegans Presl 1838
    • species Laccopteris münsteri Schenk 1867
  • genus Phlebopteris Brongniart 1828
    • species Phlebopteris polypodioides Brongniart
    • species Phlebopteris smithii
    • species Phlebopteris woodwardii Leckenby 1864
    • species Phlebopteris utensis
    • species Phlebopteris angustiloba
  • genus Matonidium
  • genus Matonia R.Br. ex Wall. 1829[6]
    • species Matonia jeffersonii
    • species Matonia pectinata
    • species Matonia braunii
    • species Matonia mesozoica
    • species Matonia brownii
  • genus Microdictyon
  • genus Weichselia Stiehler

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alan R. Smith; Kathleen M. Pryer; Eric Schuettpelz; Petra Korall; Harald Schneider; Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns" (PDF). Taxon. 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646. 
  2. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 19: 7–54. 
  3. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. 
  4. ^ Robbin C. Moran (2004). A Natural History of Ferns. Timber Press, Portland & Cambridge. pp. 119–124. 
  5. ^ Samuli Lehtonen (2011). "Towards Resolving the Complete Fern Tree of Life" (PDF). PLoS ONE. 6 (10): e24851. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024851. PMC 3192703Freely accessible. PMID 22022365. 
  6. ^ Nagalingum & Cantrill: Early Cretaceous Gleicheniaceae and Matoniaceae (Gleicheniales) from Alexander Island, Antarctica Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 138 (2006)