Microbial collagenase

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Microbial collagenase
EC number
CAS number 2593923
IntEnz IntEnz view
ExPASy NiceZyme view
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

Microbial collagenase (EC, Clostridium histolyticum collagenase, clostridiopeptidase A, collagenase A, collagenase I, Achromobacter iophagus collagenase, collagenase, aspergillopeptidase C, nucleolysin, azocollase, metallocollagenase, soycollagestin, Clostridium histolyticum proteinase A, clostridiopeptidase II, MMP-8, clostridiopeptidase I, collagen peptidase, collagen protease, collagenase MMP-1, metalloproteinase-1, kollaza, matrix metalloproteinase-1, matrix metalloproteinase-8, matirx metalloproteinase-18, interstitial collagenase) is an enzyme.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction

Digestion of native collagen in the triple helical region at -Gly bonds. With synthetic peptides, a preference is shown for Gly at P3 and P1', Pro and Ala at P2 and P2', and hydroxyproline, Ala or Arg at P3'

Six species of metalloendopeptidase acting on native collagen can be isolated from the medium of Clostridium histolyticum.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hanada, K.; Mizutani, T.; Yamagishi, M.; Tsuji, H.; Misaki, T.; Sawada, J. (1973). "The isolation of collagenase and its enzymological and physico-chemical properties". Agric. Biol. Chem. 37: 1771–1781. doi:10.1271/bbb1961.37.1771. 
  2. ^ Merkel, J.R.; Dreisbach, J.H. (1978). "Purification and characterization of a marine bacterial collagenase". Biochemistry. 17: 2857–2863. doi:10.1021/bi00607a025. PMID 210785. 
  3. ^ Heindl, M.C.; Fermandjian, S.; Keil, B. (1980). "Circular dichroism comparative studies of two bacterial collagenases and thermolysin". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 624: 51–59. doi:10.1016/0005-2795(80)90224-x. PMID 6250633. 
  4. ^ Labadie, J.; Montel, M.C. (1982). "Purification et étude de quelques propriétés d’une collagénase produite par Empedobacter collagenolyticum". Biochimie. 64: 49–54. doi:10.1016/s0300-9084(82)80609-3. PMID 6279175. 
  5. ^ Bond, M.D; Van Wart, H.D. (1984). "Characterization of the individual collagenases from Clostridium histolyticum". Biochemistry. 23: 3085–3091. doi:10.1021/bi00308a036. PMID 6087888. 
  6. ^ Bond, M.D.; Van Wart, H.D. (1984). "Relationship between the individual collagenases of Clostridium histolyticum: evidence for evolution by gene duplication". Biochemistry. 23: 3092–3099. doi:10.1021/bi00308a037. PMID 6087889. 
  7. ^ Van Wart, H.D.; Steinbrink, D.R. (1985). "Complementary substrate specificities of class I and class II collagenases from Clostridium histolyticum". Biochemistry. 24: 6520–6526. doi:10.1021/bi00344a032. PMID 3002445. 
  8. ^ Tong, N.T.; Tsugita, A.; Keil-Dlouha, V. (1986). "Purification and characterization of two high-molecular-mass forms of Achromobacter collagenase". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 874: 296–304. doi:10.1016/0167-4838(86)90028-2. 
  9. ^ Endo, A.; Murakawa, S.; Shimizu, H.; Shiraishi, Y. (1987). "Purification and properties of collagenase from a Streptomyces species". J. Biochem. 102: 163–170. PMID 2822678. 
  10. ^ Makinen, K.K.; Makinen, P.L. (1987). "Purification and properties of an extracellular collagenolytic protease produced by the human oral bacterium Bacillus cereus (strain Soc 67)". J. Biol. Chem. 262: 12488–12495. PMID 3040751. 

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