Matsumoto, Nagano

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Matsumoto
松本市
Special city
Matsumoto Castle
Matsumoto Castle
Flag of Matsumoto
Flag
Official seal of Matsumoto
Seal
Location of Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture
Matsumoto is located in Japan
Matsumoto
Matsumoto
 
Coordinates: 36°14′16.8″N 137°58′19.1″E / 36.238000°N 137.971972°E / 36.238000; 137.971972Coordinates: 36°14′16.8″N 137°58′19.1″E / 36.238000°N 137.971972°E / 36.238000; 137.971972
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
Prefecture Nagano Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Akira Sugenoya
Area
 • Total 978.47 km2 (377.79 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2016)
 • Total 241,102
 • Density 246/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese Red Pine
- Flower Japanese azalea
Phone number 0263-34-3000
Address 3-7 Marunouchi, Matsumoto-shi, Nagano-ken 390-8620
Website www.city.matsumoto.nagano.jp
Buildings near Matsumoto Station
Matsumoto City Hall

Matsumoto (松本市, Matsumoto-shi) is a city located in central Nagano Prefecture, in the Chūbu region of Japan.[1] It is a city located in Nagano Prefecture.[2] Matsumoto is designated as a Special City.[3] As of 1 October 2016, the city had an estimated population of 241,102 and a population density of 246 persons per km². Its total area was 978.47 square kilometres (377.79 sq mi).

History[edit]

Matsumoto is located in former Shinano Province and was the provincial capital from the Heian period onwards. The area developed as the castle town of Matsumoto Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period. Modern Matsumoto Town was established with the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was raised to city status on May 1, 1907.

On February 1, 1925 Matsumoto absorbed the village of Matsumoto (from Higashichikuma District).

The city expanded further by annexing the Kanda hamlet of the village of Nakayama from Higashichikuma District on April 1, 1943, the villages of Nakayama, Shimadachi and Shimauchi (all from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 1954, the villages of Wada, Niimura, Kanbayashi, Sasaga, Yoshikawa, Kotobuki, Okada, Iriyamabe, Satoyamabe and Imai (all from Higashichikuma District) on August 1, 1954 and Kitauchida ward (excluding the Gakenoyu hamlet from the Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka, from Higashichikuma District) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1960. This was followed by the Gakenoyu hamlet of Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka (from Higashichikuma District) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1961, the village of Hongo (from Higashichikuma District) on May 1, 1974 and parts of Seba hamlet (the hamlet of Kukohigashi) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1982.

Between the days of June 27 and June 28, 1994 - The Matsumoto Incident sarin gas attack occurred.

Matsumoto was proclaimed a Special City with increased local autonomy on November 1, 2000. Matsumoto annexed the villages of Azumi, Azusagawa and Nagawa (all from Minamiazumi District), and the village of Shiga (from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 2005. This was followed by the town of Hata (from Higashichikuma District) on March 31, 2010.

Geography[edit]

Matsumoto is located in the Matsumoto Basin of central Nagano Prefecture surrounded by mountains and is acclaimed for its beautiful views. It is approximately 75 kilometers south of the prefectural capital at Nagano City, and 124 kilometers from central Tokyo. The 3000 meter Hida Mountains are to the west of the city.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Matsumoto has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) bordering on a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is quite high in summer, but the weather is somewhat drier in winter.

Climate data for Matsumoto, Nagano (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
21.1
(70)
25.9
(78.6)
30.9
(87.6)
32.3
(90.1)
35.9
(96.6)
37.9
(100.2)
38.5
(101.3)
35.3
(95.5)
31.8
(89.2)
25.6
(78.1)
21.5
(70.7)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.0
(42.8)
10.5
(50.9)
17.8
(64)
22.9
(73.2)
26.0
(78.8)
29.4
(84.9)
31.1
(88)
25.7
(78.3)
19.3
(66.7)
13.6
(56.5)
8.0
(46.4)
17.9
(64.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
0.2
(32.4)
3.9
(39)
10.6
(51.1)
16.0
(60.8)
19.9
(67.8)
23.6
(74.5)
24.7
(76.5)
20.0
(68)
13.2
(55.8)
7.4
(45.3)
2.3
(36.1)
11.8
(53.2)
Average low °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.1
(39.4)
9.9
(49.8)
14.9
(58.8)
19.2
(66.6)
20.2
(68.4)
15.9
(60.6)
8.4
(47.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F) −24.8
(−12.6)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.3
(36.1)
10.2
(50.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−24.8
(−12.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.9
(1.413)
43.5
(1.713)
79.6
(3.134)
75.3
(2.965)
100.0
(3.937)
125.7
(4.949)
138.4
(5.449)
92.1
(3.626)
155.6
(6.126)
101.9
(4.012)
54.9
(2.161)
28.1
(1.106)
1,031
(40.591)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 28
(11)
24
(9.4)
17
(6.7)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
9
(3.5)
79
(31)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.0 6.6 9.6 9.1 9.7 11.1 13.1 9.7 11.2 9.0 6.3 5.4 106.8
Average snowy days 11.2 9.8 4.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.7 30.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.7 163.5 185.0 202.1 209.0 163.6 171.3 205.4 141.8 159.9 159.2 166.0 2,097.5
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[5]

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Matsumoto has 29 public elementary schools operated by the city government, one operated by the national government and one private elementary school. The city also manages 19 public middle schools, with one more middle school shared between Matsumoto and neighbouring Asahi. There is one public middle school operated by the national government and one private middle school. The city has seven public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education and six private high schools. The city also has a North Korean school, Nagano Korean Elementary and Junior High School (長野朝鮮初中級学校).

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

External relations[edit]

Within Japan[edit]

Overseas[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Matsumoto is attractive to travellers not only because of the traditional culture but also its calm climate and local products. Matsumoto soba is famous for its delicate taste [6] Local attractions include:

Sports[edit]

Matsumoto is represented in the J. League of football with its local club, Matsumoto Yamaga FC based at the Alwin Stadium in Kambayashi.

It was one of the host cities of the official Women's Volleyball World Championship for its 1998 and 2010 editions.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Maatsumoto" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 618; "Chūbu" at p. 126.
  2. ^ Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO), "Matsumoto/Shiojiri Area"; retrieved 2012-2-11.
  3. ^ Jacobs, A.J. "Japan's Evolving Nested Municipal Hierarchy: The Race for Local Power in the 2000s," Urban Studies Research, (2011); Table 3; retrieved 20132-2-11.
  4. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  5. ^ "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  6. ^ http://welcome.city.matsumoto.nagano.jp/contents03+index.id+15.htm

External links[edit]

Media related to Matsumoto, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons