Matsumoto Castle, administrative headquarters of Matsumoto Domain
Matsumoto Domain (松本藩 Matsumoto han?) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Shinano Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Matsumoto Castle, located in what is the city of Matsumoto in Nagano Prefecture.
During the Sengoku period, Matsumoto was the seat of the Ogasawara clan, the shugo of Shinano Province. However, Ogasawara clan was defeated by Takeda Shingen in a series of battles from 1542 to 1548, and his lands became part of the Takeda clan territories. After the fall of the Takeda clan, the area became a disputed region, eventually coming under the control of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who placed Ogasawara Hidemasa in charge of Matsumoto.
When Toyotomi Hideyoshi transferred Ieyasu to the Kantō region in 1590, he placed Ieyasu’s former retainer Ishikawa Norimasa in charge of Matsumoto Domain, with assessed kokudaka of 100,000 koku. Norimasa and his son Yasunaga built much of the present-day Matsumoto Castle by 1593–94. The Ishikawa were confirmed as daimyo of Matsumoto Domain after the formation of the Tokugawa shogunate, but were dispossessed due to a political scandal in 1613 involving Ōkubo Nagamasa.
In 1613, Ogasawara Hidemasa was allowed to return to Matsumoto Domain, with revenues of 80,000 koku. His son, Ogasawara Tadazane was transferred to Akashi Domain in Harima Province in 1617, and Matsumoto was subsequently ruled by two branches of the Matsudaira clan to 1638, the Hotta clan to 1642, the Mizuno clan to 1725, and finally the Toda-branch of the Matsudaira clan from 1725 to the Meiji restoration in 1868.
During the Bakumatsu period, forces from Matsumoto supported the Tokugawa shogunate against the Mito rebellion and at the Kinmon incident and in both Chōshū expeditions. However, with the start of the Boshin War, the final daimyō of Matsumoto, Matsudaira Mitsuhisa, changed sides to the imperial cause, and his forces fought in the imperial armies at the Battle of Hokuetsu and the Battle of Aizu. He later served as domain governor until 1871, and was awarded the title of shishaku (marquis) under the kazoku peerage system. Matsumoto Domain subsequently became part of Nagano Prefecture.
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Matsumoto Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Shinano Province
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||‘’kokudaka||Notes|
|Ishikawa clan (tozama) 1613-1617|
|1||Ishikawa Kazumasa (石川数正?)||1590-1592||Hōki-no-kami (伯耆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku|
|2||Ishikawa Yasunaga (石川康長?)||1592-1613||Ukon-no-daiyu (式部少輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||80,000 koku||dispossessed|
|Ogasawara clan (fudai) 1613-1617|
|1||Ogasawara Hidemasa (小笠原秀政?)||1613-1615||Hyōbu-daifu (兵部大輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||80,000 koku||From Iida Domain|
|2||Ogasawara Tadazane (松平直政?)||1615-1617||Ukon-no-daiyu (右近将監); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||80,000 koku||To Akashi Domain|
|Toda-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1617-1633|
|1||Matsudaira Yasunaga (松平康長?)||1617-1633||Tamba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||70,000 koku||From Takasaki Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Yasunao (松平直政?)||1633-1633||Sado-no-kami (佐渡守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||To Akashi Domain|
|Matsudaira clan (Shimpan) 1633-1638|
|1||Matsudaira Naomasa] (松平直政?)||1633-1638||Dewa-no-kami (出羽守); Jijū (侍従||Lower 4th (従四位下)||70,000 koku||to Matsue Domain|
|Hotta clan (fudai) 1638-1642|
|1||Hotta Tadamori (堀田正盛?)||1638-1642||Dewa-no-kami (出羽守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||100,000 koku||to Sakura Domain|
|Mizuno clan (fudai) 1642 -1725|
|1||Mizuno Tadakiyo (水野忠清?)||1642-1647||Hayato-no-shō (隼人正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||from Yoshida Domain|
|2||Mizuni Tadamoto (水野忠職?)||1647-1668||Dewa-no-kami (出羽守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku|
|3||Mizuno Tadanao (水野忠直?)||1668-1713||Nakatsukasa-no-sho (中務少輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|4||Mizuno Tadachika (水野忠周?)||1713-1718||Dewa-no-kami (出羽守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku|
|5||Mizuno Tadamoto (水野忠幹?)||1718-1723||Hyūga-no-kami (日向守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku|
|6||Mizuno Tadatsune (水野忠恒?)||1723-1725||Hayato-no-shō (隼人正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||dispossessed|
|Toda-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1725 -1871|
|1||Matsudaira Mitsuchika (松平光慈?)||1725-1732||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku||from Shima-Toba Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Mitsuo (松平光雄?)||1732-1756||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|3||Matsudaira Mitsuyasu (松平光徳?)||1756-1759||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|4||Matsudaira Mitsumasa (松平光和?)||1759-1774||Ise-no-kami (伊勢守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|5||Matsudaira Mitsuyoshi (松平光悌?)||1774-1786||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|6||Matsudaira Mitsuyuki (松平光行?)||1786-1800||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|7||Matsudaira Mitsutsura (松平光年?)||1800-1837||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|8||Matsudaira Mitstsune (松平光庸?)||1837-1845||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
|9||Matsudaira Mitsuhisa (松平光則?)||1845-1871||Tanba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||60,000 koku|
- The content of this article was largely derived from that of the corresponding article on Japanese Wikipedia.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- Fujii Yoshio 藤井嘉雄 (1993). Matsumoto-han no keibatsu tetsuzuki: hanryō, azukarisho no keibatsuken to bakufuhō 松本藩の刑罸手続: 藩領・預所の刑罰権と幕府法. Nagano-ken, Toyoshina-machi: Sanrokusha 山麓舍.
- Tanaka Kaoru, Jōkyō Gimin Ikki no Jitsuzō (The Real Image of The Jōkyō Gimin Uprising), Shinmai Shoseki Shuppan Center, 2002 ISBN 4-88411-005-6
- Yokoyama Atsumi 横山篤美 (1984). Kasuke sōdō: Matsumoto-ryō hyakushō ikki 加助騒動 : 松本領百姓一揆. Matsumoto: Kyōdō Shuppansha 鄉土出版社.
- (Japanese) Matsumoto Domain on "Edo 300 HTML"
- "Matsumoto Castle" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-2.
- "Shinano Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-5-13.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.