Top left: Matsushima Port, top right: Togetsukyō Bridge to Oshima Island, 2nd left: Matsushima Marinpia Aquarium (closed), 2nd right: Zuiganji Temple, 3rd left: Godaidō, 3rd right: Entsuin Temple, bottom left: Atago Shrine, bottom right: Matsushima Kaigan Train Station
Location of Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture
|• -Mayor||Kouichi Sakurai (since October 2015)|
|• Total||53.56 km2 (20.68 sq mi)|
|Population (June 1, 2017)|
|• Density||263/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Address||10 Takagi-aza-chō, Matsushima-machi 981-0215|
Matsushima (松島町 Matsushima-machi) is a town in Miyagi District, Miyagi Prefecture, in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 1 June 2017[update], the town had an estimated population of 14,105 and a population density of 263 persons per km². The total area of the town was 53.56 square kilometres (20.68 sq mi). It is most famous as the location of Matsushima Bay, one of the Three Views of Japan, and is also the site of the Zuigan-ji, Entsū-in and Kanrantei.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demograhics
- 3 Climate
- 4 History
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Local attractions
- 9 External relations
- 10 Noted people from Matsushima
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Matsushima is located in east-central Miyagi Prefecture, with Matsushima Bay to the east. The town’s highest point is Mount Danyama, with a height of 178 meters.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Matsushima has been relatively stable over the past 40 years.
Matsushima has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Higashi-Matsushima is 12.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1207 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.6 °C.
The area of present-day Matsushima was part of ancient Mutsu Province and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period. The Daigigakoi Shell Mound is one of the largest shell middens to have been discovered in Japan. With the establishment of Tagajō in the Nara period, Matsushima was part of the Yamato colonization area in the region. The Buddhist temple of Zuigan-ji comes to have been founded in 828 AD. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by samurai clans before it came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.
The village of Matsushima was established on June 1, 1889 with the post-Meiji restoration establishment of the modern municipalities system. It was raised to town status on December 16, 1963.
Matsushima has three public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government and one public high school operated by the Miyagii Prefectural Board of Education.
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tōhoku Main Line
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Senseki Line
- Port of Matsushima - Matsushima sightseeing boats
International sister cities
Japanese sister cities
- August 1, 1987: Kisakata, Akita
- October 16, 1988: Kamiamakusa, Kumamoto (formerly known as Matsushima)
Noted people from Matsushima
- Jun Senoue – musician
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