Gonzalez in December 2007.
|Member of the
San Francisco Board of Supervisors
from District 5
|Preceded by||Election was not district specific|
|Succeeded by||Ross Mirkarimi|
June 4, 1965 |
Peace and Freedom Party (affiliated non-member)
|Alma mater||Stanford University, Columbia University|
Matthew Edward Gonzalez (born June 4, 1965) is an American politician, lawyer, and activist. He was an important figure in San Francisco politics in the years 2000–2005, when he served on San Francisco County's Board of Supervisors and was president of the Board. In 2003, Gonzalez, running as a member of the Green Party, lost a close race for mayor of San Francisco to Democrat Gavin Newsom. In the 2008 presidential election, Gonzalez ran for vice president as the running mate of candidate Ralph Nader. He currently works in San Francisco’s Public Defender's Office.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Politics and public service
- 3 An unorthodox politician
- 4 References
- 5 Further reading
- 6 External links
Matthew Edward Gonzalez was born in McAllen, Texas. His father, a division chief for the international tobacco company Brown & Williamson, moved the family to New Orelans, Baltimore, and Louisville, Kentucky, before resettling in McAllen when Gonzalez was eleven years old. After graduating from McAllen Memorial High School, he attended Columbia University, from which he graduated in 1987. In 1990, he obtained a degree to practice law from Stanford Law School.
Politics and public service
Gonzalez entered politics when he ran for San Francisco District Attorney in 1999. He campaigned in a field of five candidates, including incumbent Terence Hallinan. His campaign focused on cleaning up alleged political corruption, prosecuting environmental crimes, and fighting illegal evictions. Hallinan won the race but the campaign raised Gonzalez's profile. He finished third with 11 percent of the vote, or 20,153 votes.
In November 2000, Gonzalez switched from the Democratic Party to the Green Party in what he called "a political or moral epiphany." While protesting the absence of Green Party senatorial candidate Medea Benjamin at a debate between Senator Dianne Feinstein, a Democrat, and her Republican challenger Tom Campbell, Gonzalez decided to switch parties. He wrote, "I couldn't help thinking of how most of my support in last year's district attorney's race came as a result of being allowed into televised debates with my better-known opponents and how that support has eventually led to my being the frontrunner in the District Five supervisorial race. The more I thought about it, the more I knew I wasn't okay with it. I didn't want to be a member of a party that was urging the exclusion of a candidate solely on the grounds that the candidate didn't have enough support, when it's precisely television coverage that could win that candidate public acceptance."
In 2008, as a running mate of Ralph Nader, Gonzalez left the Green Party and changed his registration to decline to state. "I expressly said to Nader that I would not run with him if he sought the Green Party nomination," Gonzalez said. "The question after the campaign was: is there a reason to go back to the Green Party?" Among the reasons he cited for the party's slide were infighting, inadequate party-building work, and the party's failure to effectively counter criticisms of Nader's 2000 and 2004 presidential campaigns. "We were losing the public relations campaign of explaining what the hell happened," he said.
Board of Supervisors
In 2000, a system of electing supervisors by district rather than citywide took effect. At the urging of Supervisor Tom Ammiano, Gonzalez ran for supervisor in newly made District 5 (besides Hayes Valley, District 5 comprises the Haight-Ashbury, the Western Addition, Alamo Square, and the easternmost part of the Sunset District).
In the runoff election, Gonzalez's opponent, Juanita Owens, tried to capitalize on many Democrats' ill feelings toward the Green Party in the wake of Ralph Nader's involvement in the acrimonious 2000 presidential election, but Gonzalez won the run-off election. Like all municipal elections in San Francisco, elections for supervisor are nonpartisan, but some Greens saw the election of their candidate as a significant achievement because, for the first time, a Green Party member had been elected to an important position in San Francisco.
He was elected on a slate of candidates who wanted to change the direction of city policy, in opposition to the "Brown machine," a Democratic Party political machine that had dominated local politics for over 30 years behind Mayor Willie Brown, the Pelosi family, and other Democrats. His supporters saw his election as a turning point in local politics. According to San Francisco State University political science professor Richard DeLeon,
The beginning of the end probably was in 2000, when San Francisco returned to district elections.... The results brought in Gonzalez and other new supervisors not beholden to Brown. It opened the door for a new wave of young neighborhood politicians who didn't need the type of citywide support political leaders like Brown and [John and Phil] Burton had provided over the years.
On the board
Gonzalez's critics considered him a stubborn and willful ideologue. When the Board put forth a resolution commending San Franciscan Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi for being elected House Minority Whip and being the first woman to hold that position, Gonzalez was the only board member who voted against it. Gonzalez said that supervisors should not issue commendations for winning partisan political positions and that he had written a personal note to Pelosi congratulating her, as she had done him for being elected board president. Gonzalez refused to meet with Brown during his first two years on the Board of Supervisors, saying he did so to avoid being subject to Brown's influence rather than as a matter of disrespect. Two sources reported that Gonzalez defied Brown by walking out of the mayor's State of the City address in 2002. However, Gonzalez later told SF Weekly that he was never in attendance.
As board president
In January 2003, Gonzalez was elected president of the Board of Supervisors after seven rounds of voting, most of which had Gonzalez vying for a majority vote with supervisors Aaron Peskin and Sophie Maxwell. When Peskin dropped out Gonzalez emerged the winner, counting among his supporters conservative Board member Tony Hall, who said when asked why he voted for Gonzalez, "Gonzalez is a man of integrity and intelligence who will carry out his responsibilities fairly and impartially."
Gonzalez hosted monthly art exhibits in his City Hall office. At the last reception, graffiti artist Barry McGee spray-painted "Smash the State" on the walls of the office as part of his exhibit." Gonzalez told the press that he knew his office would be repainted for the next occupant.
Campaign for Mayor
In August 2003, Gonzalez ran for Mayor of San Francisco, in a bid to replace outgoing two-term mayor Willie Brown. On a ballot with nine candidates' names, Gonzalez finished second in the primary election on November 4 behind Gavin Newsom, a Democrat and fellow member of the Board of Supervisors who had been endorsed by Brown. Gonzalez received 19.6 percent of the total vote to Newsom's 41.9 percent. Because none of the candidates received a majority a run-off election was held on December 9, gaining national and international media coverage.
Gonzalez faced a difficult run-off election; only 3 percent of voters in San Francisco were registered to his Green Party, and the Democratic Party, dominant in San Francisco, opposed his candidacy. If elected, Gonzalez would have been the first Green Party mayor of a large American city. Although Gonzalez was endorsed by several key local Democrats, including five members of the Board of Supervisors, national Democratic figures, concerned about Ralph Nader's role in the 2000 presidential election, campaigned on Newsom's behalf. Bill Clinton, Al Gore, Jesse Jackson, Dianne Feinstein, and Nancy Pelosi all campaigned for Newsom. In the left-leaning political newsletter CounterPunch, Bruce Anderson wrote, "If Matt Gonzalez, a member of the Green Party, is elected mayor of San Francisco, it will be a dagger straight into the rotted heart of the Democratic Party... He wants to represent the many against the fortunate few the present mayor has faithfully represented for years now."
The candidate, however, saw the election in different terms. "They're scared, not of a Green being elected mayor", he said, "but of an honest person being elected mayor."
Many volunteers worked on Gonzalez's campaign in the run-off. "He's the indie-rock Kennedy", one supporter said of Gonzalez. Said Rich DeLeon, professor of political science at San Francisco State University, "The Gonzalez campaign was truly a mobilizing campaign. It really attracted young people who had not been involved — who were perhaps cynical and apathetic — into the active electorate."
Gonzalez was the first Mexican-American, non-Democratic Party candidate in the City's history to actually campaign, unabashedly, as a leftist and anti-corporate politician. He turned San Francisco's sordid and sold-out political history upside down, invoking an inspired and conscious resistance from the City's previous generations' experiences of exclusion, exploitation, disenfranchisement and dot.com displacement.
In an interview in January 2005 on his last day in office as a supervisor, Gonzalez said of his campaign, "After getting in the runoff, literally the day after, as I heard Mayor Brown and others start attacking me for being a communist and racist, well, I started thinking I was going to lose in the very landslide I had foreseen for other candidates. Naturally, I worked hard to represent progressive ideas and win the race. By the end, we started thinking, hey, maybe it’s possible."
Newsom outspent Gonzalez $4.4–4.9 million to $800,000–900,000. Gonzalez sought to tighten spending caps and expand public financing, and accused Newsom of campaign improprieties and spending limit violations. Newsom lost to Gonzalez on votes cast on election day, but won the election overall by 133,546 to 119,329 votes.
Return to private life
Following the mayoral contest, Gonzalez announced he would not seek re-election to the Board of Supervisors. Explaining his decision to retire from politics, he said:
I like the whole idea of disengaging from politics for a while and looking at things from the outside. I think the world would be a better place if politicians returned to private life from time to time... Hey, you've got to follow your instincts, you know. That's how I got into politics in the first place, joined the Green Party, ran for the board presidency and later for mayor. What am I supposed to do now? Not listen to myself?"
Gonzalez left office when his term ended in January 2005. He was succeeded by Ross Mirkarimi, a Green Party member and community activist who had also worked on Gonzalez's campaign. Gonzalez then opened law offices with fellow Stanford University alum Whitney Leigh. In May 2005 Gonzalez sought unsuccessfully to overturn the contract of San Francisco school Superintendent Arlene Ackerman. His law firm brought suit against a San Francisco hotel for not paying its workers the minimum wage; two wrongful death suits against Sacramento police for using tasers; against the city of San Jose and Ringling Brothers Circus for interfering with free speech rights of protestors; and against Clear Channel in a naming rights dispute over the locally owned San Francisco Warfield Theatre. It has also been involved in examining the New Year's Eve attack on the Yale a cappella group The Baker's Dozen in Pacific Heights.
In the spring of 2007, Gonzalez exhibited his collages at the Lincart gallery in San Francisco. Gonzalez makes a brief uncredited appearance in the 2004 documentary Let's Rock Again!, interviewing Joe Strummer after his performance at Amoeba Records. In 2009, Gonzalez founded the progressive political blog, As It Ought To Be.
2008 presidential race
In January 2008, Gonzalez, along with several other prominent Green Party members, launched Ralph Nader's 2008 Presidential Exploratory Committee to support a possible Nader candidacy. On February 28, 2008, only four days after announcing his presidential bid, Nader named Gonzalez as his running mate for the 2008 presidential election.
Nader announced that he and Gonzalez would not seek the Green Party nomination but would run as independents. On March 4, 2008, Gonzalez announced that he had left the Green Party and had changed his voter registration to independent. The change, he said, was to accommodate states, including Delaware, Idaho and Oregon, that do not allow members of political parties to run as independents.
On October 18, 2008 Gonzalez and Nader also held a large protest on Wall Street following the passage of the government bailout bill. Their opposition to the bailout was a key issue of the Nader/Gonzalez campaign, in contrast to the Democratic and Republican Party candidates who supported the bill.
Gonzalez participated in the third party vice-presidential debates, along with Constitution Party vice-presidential candidate Darrell Castle and Libertarian Wayne Allyn Root, held in Las Vegas, on November 2, 2008. The event was hosted by Free and Equal.org and Free & Equal Elections (FREE), an organization of political parties, independent citizens and civic organizations formed to promote free and equal elections in the United States.
In San Francisco, Gonzalez received fewer votes citywide when he ran for vice president in 2008 (3,682) than he received in District 5 (12,743) when he ran for supervisor in 2000. Will Harper, editor of the SF Weekly, wrote:
"Eight years ago, 24,819 San Franciscans voted for Nader, according to Department of Election records. Of course, we've all had eight years to realize that throwing away our vote on a third-party candidate can do a lot of damage, so Nader's poor showing this time was not entirely unexpected. But Nader supposedly had one thing going for him in San Francisco that other candidates did not: A running mate from the city, former supervisor and Green Party pinup boy Matt Gonzalez. Obviously, having a hometown guy in the race didn't make a difference for S.F. voters sick of Republican rule of the White House".
An unorthodox politician
Newspaper accounts from the San Francisco mayoral election noted that Gonzalez slept on the uncushioned slats of a futon frame because "it's more comfortable," wore Doc Martens shoes and baggy suits (some of which were given him by former San Francisco mayor Art Agnos), and did not wear a watch, even though he owned a Rolex given him by his father. The "floppy-haired, slump-shouldered champion of the counterculture," as the Christian Science Monitor called him, is not married and owns no real property. He gave away his 1967 Mercedes-Benz sedan because, he said, he found it easier to get around on public transportation.
Gonzalez irked his progressive allies and public-sector employees in San Francisco by standing alongside Ron Paul, a Republican libertarian congressman, and Tony Hall, a conservative former city councilman in San Francisco, in supporting a ballot proposition in San Francisco that would have required city workers to pay more into their own pension funds.
He is fond of chess and poetry. In 1997, at his own expense, he published a collection of poetry by Beat poet Jack Micheline called Sixty-Seven Poems for Downtrodden Saints. He served on the Board of Directors for Intersection for the Arts, a non-profit organization, and in 2004 taught a course called "Art & Politics" at the San Francisco Art Institute. Gonzalez played bass guitar in a rock band (called John Heartfield) and still plays occasionally with his brother Chuck and his law partner Whitney Leigh.
In addition to supporting artists and collecting, Gonzalez creates art himself in the form of collages. In April 2011, he and fellow artist Tom Schultz presented their work in a month-long exhibition.
- Coté, John (23 February 2011). "Gonzalez is defender's new No. 2". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "San Francisco Public Defender's Office Leadership". Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Guthrie, Julian. Guthrie, Julian (December 6, 2003). "Gonzalez: Giving back in San Francisco after childhood of privilege.". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2006-05-10. The San Francisco Chronicle Sunday, December 7, 2003
- Fintz, Stacy, (October 20, 1999) "Challenger Says He'll Fulfill Hallinan's Goals / Gonzalez to halt death penalty prosecutions" San Francisco Chronicle
- Hogue, Patrick (October 18, 2003) "Fazio's figuring third time will be the charm Another run for D.A. – again main Hallinan rival"San Francisco Chronicle
- Bulwa, Demian (December 10, 2003) "Harris defeats Hallinan after bitter campaign" San Francisco Chronicle
- Petroni, Carlos (September 1, 2003) "What Matt Gonzalez Stands For."SF Frontlines
- "Why I Turned Green". San Francisco Bay Guardian. 2000-11-15. Archived from the original on 2005-03-05. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- "Green Party's Nadir". San Francisco Bay Guardian. 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
- Epstein, Edward (November 18, 2000) "Supervisor Candidate Turns Green: Gonzalez's move costs him Democrats' support San Francisco Chronicle.,
- Shaw, Randy. Beyondchron (January 3, 2005), "Matt Gonzalez's political legacy.". Retrieved 2006-05-10.
- Reed, Christopher. The Guardian, December 7, 2003. Reed, Christopher (December 7, 2003). "Democrats face fresh votes blow.". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2006-05-10.
- Wildermuth, John. The San Francisco Chronicle December 16, 2003, Wildermuth, John (December 16, 2003). "Fall of the machine.". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2006-05-10.
- Wildermuth, John; Gordon, Rachel; Chronicle Political Writers; November 12, 2003)"Mayoral hopefuls come out swinging in debate—Gonzalez questions Newsom's spending" San Francisco Chronicle
- Mayoral Runoff Debate (November 11, 2003) "Mayoral Debate"Commonwealth Club Archives
- Suzanne Herel (January 3, 2005). "Forever the rebel with a cause, Gonzalez exits left at City Hall:Idealist energized young liberals in strong run for mayor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-02-29.
- Gordon, Rachel (October 22, 2002). "Brown speaks on State of the City". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Why Newsom is our choice". San Francisco Chronicle. December 7, 2003. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- Mary Spicuzza (February 13, 2008). "Wikipedia Idiots: The Edit Wars of San Francisco". Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- Bay City News (8 January 2003). "Gonzalez named new prez of S.F. Board of Supervisors". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Gordon, Rachel (9 January 2003). "Green Party scores a win on S.F. board / Gonzalez's election as president shocks Democratic leaders". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Feinstein, Mike Summer 2003. "Matt Gonzalez Elected President of San Francisco Board of Supervisors" Green Focus
- Lelchuk, I. Lelchuk, Ilene (December 10, 2004). "Last word on government: Graffiti installation in Gonzalez's office gets mixed reviews.". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2006-05-10. San Francisco Chronicle on the web, 10 December 2004.
- Gordon, Rachel (9 August 2003). "Gonzalez joins race for mayor / 9 candidates now vying for S.F.'s top post". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Rob Wrenn (December 19, 2003). "Absentees Proved Crucial in Newsom’s Victory". Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved 2008-02-29.
- Norman Solomon (December 11, 2003). "Breakthrough And Peril For The Green Party". Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting.
- McCarthy, Kevin. The Nation, December 5, 2003. "Gonzalez for Mayor". Retrieved 2006-05-10.
- Dean E. Murphy (December 7, 2003). "Left Faces Left in San Francisco Runoff Vote for Mayor". New York Times.
- Anderson, Bruce. "The Fate of America's Most Corrupt City.". Retrieved 2006-05-10. Counterpunch, December 6–7, 2003.
- Sappenfield, Mark (December 9, 2003)"Poets and Yogis: Green Party mayoral candidate taps the city's distinctive culture." Christian Science Monitor.
- Wellman, Laurel (21 December 2003) "See How They Run." San Francisco Chronicle
- "See how they ran / Arnold who? Matt Gonzalez surprised insiders – and gave Gavin Newsom the political scare of his life – when the San Francisco mayoral election turned into a clash of the classes. Laurel Wellman reports on the scenes behind the scene". The San Francisco Chronicle. December 21, 2003.
- Marquez, Richard. "Going for Broke: The Gonzalez Legacy.". Retrieved 2006-05-10. BeyondChron April 7, 2004
- Harrison, Scott. "Gonzalez's Final Exam.". Retrieved 2006-05-10. San Francisco Call, January 2005.
- Matthew Hirsch. "Money rules: Public financing for mayoral candidates tops the list of electoral reforms the Ethics Commission is pursuing". San Francisco Bay Guardian.
- sfbg.com | news
- sfbg.com | news
- [dead link]
- "December 22, 2003". The Nation. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
- Matt Gonzalez for Mayor: Gonzalez Takes the Clean Money Road: Newsom Just Can’t Say ‘No’ to Republican Special Interest Money
- sfbg.com | news
- Hendrix, Anastasia (January 24, 2004). "D.A. to probe election charges / Workers say they felt pressure to vote for Newsom". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Gordon, Rachel (March 24, 2005). "SAN FRANCISCO / Mayor Newsom fined for campaign violation". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Democracy Now! | Headlines for December 10, 2003
- Hampton, Adriel (March 29, 2004) "Supe Walks Away." San Francisco Examiner.
- Matier, Phillip; Ross, Andrew (2003-11-05). "Gonzalez: He must take buzz citywide". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Woodward, Tali. "Cutting the Golden Parachute". Retrieved 2006-05-10. See also Knight H., "Lawsuit filed to toss school chief's raise." San Francisco Chronicle, June 23, 2005, accessed April 8, 2006.
- Hogarth, Paul (January 3, 2007) "Gonzalez Law Firm Scores Minimum Wage Victory" Beyond Chron
- Matier, Phil; E. Ross (January 17, 2007) "Yalies' case – not mayor's race – brings Gonzalez back to spotlight." San Francisco Chronicle.
-  "Sunday Salon website"
- Lincart Gallery website
- As It Ought to Be blog
- Ralph Nader for President in 2008 — Join with us today
- Alexovich, Ariel (2008-02-28). "Nader Announces Pick for Vice President". The New York Times.
- Thomas, Luke (2008-03-04). "Matt Gonzalez leaves Green Party Increasing ballot access for presidential run cited". Fog City Journal.
- Nader Leads Wall Street Protest, Green Left, October 18, 2008
- Ball, Molly (2008-11-03). "Third-party candidates for vice president debate". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- City and County of San Francisco, Consolidated Presidential General Election (November 4, 2008). Election Summary, November 4, 2008. (Retrieved 11-12-08.)
- Harper, Will (November 10, 2008) "Nader Gets No Love From S.F. Voters.". SF Weekly.
- McKeethen, Richard (February 2, 2005) "Matt Gonzalez Runs, but Not Too Far." Golden Gate Xpress Online.
- Cheevers, Jack and Lesley Anderson (October 8, 2003) "The Great Left Hope." SF Weekly.
- Julian Guthrie (December 7, 2003). "Gonzalez, Newsom: What makes them run: After childhood of privilege in Texas, Gonzalez forged career in public service". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-02-29.
- Sappenfield, Mark (December 9, 2003) "Poets and Yogis: Green Party mayoral candidate taps the city's distinctive culture." Christian Science Monitor.
- Martinez, Mariam (February 20, 2004) "Matt Gonzalez (Interview)." Latino Leaders.
- "Matt Gonzalez, Tony Hall, and Ron Paul | SF Politics". Sfbg.com. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
- Editors (October 24, 2004 "John Heartfield Rockin' the House." SF Mesh.
- Chun, Kimberly (28 April 2011). "'Scissors vs. Brush': Matt Gonzalez, Tom Schultz". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Carlsson, Chris, ed. (2005) The Political Edge, City Lights Foundation Books: San Francisco, CA. ISBN 1-931404-05-4.
- Walter, Nicole (2004) Go Matt Go! Hats Off Books: Tucson, AZ. ISBN 1-58736-346-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Matt Gonzalez.|
- The Matt Gonzalez Reader, Gonzalez's blog
- Gonzalez's Nader/Camejo 2004 Campaign Kick-Off Rally Speech a speech delivered on July 16, 2004
- Matt Gonzalez and Rosa Clemente respond to Biden-Palin Debate Response to only televised 2008 U.S. Vice-Presidential Debate, Democracy Now! October 3, 2008.
- Speech at the 2004 Green Party national convention Milwaukee, Wisconsin. June 26, 2004
|Peace and Freedom Party vice presidential nominee
Election was not district specific
|Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors