Matthew 12

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Matthew 12
Papyrus 21 recto (Mt 12,24-26).jpg
Gospel of Matthew 12:24-26 on Papyrus 21, from 3rd century.
BookGospel of Matthew
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1

Matthew 12 is the twelfth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible. It continues the narrative about Jesus' ministry in Galilee.



This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to the other parts of the Bible):

Cross reference[edit]

Fulfillment of the Servant Song of Isaiah[edit]

Matthew states that Jesus' withdrawal from the cities of Galilee and his request that the crowds do not make him known [1] is a fulfillment of the first Servant Song of the prophet Isaiah. The verses quoted from Isaiah are from the Septuagint version. One difference from the Hebrew version is found in verse 21 (Isaiah 42:4).

In translation from the Hebrew version, this reads:

and the coastlands shall wait for His law

In the Septuagint and in Matthew's Gospel this reads:

and in his name shall the Gentiles trust.

Idle words[edit]

Theologian Albert Barnes describes an "idle word" (Matthew 12:36) as literally "a vain, thoughtless, useless word; a word that accomplishes no good", but states that in the context the meaning is "wicked, injurious, false [or] malicious" words.[2] The Greek reveals a contrast between ρημα αργον, rhēma argon, idle words or sounds, and the consequential need to ἀποδώσουσιν περὶ αὐτοῦ λόγον, apodōsousin peri autou logon, to provide a reasoned account on the day of judgment.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Matthew 12:16
  2. ^ Barnes' Notes on the Bible on Matthew 12:36, accessed 11 January 2017

Preceded by
Matthew 11
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 13