|Book||Gospel of Matthew|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||1|
Matthew 16 is the sixteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible. Jesus starts his final journey to Jerusalem ministering through Judea. The narrative can be divided into the following subsections:
- No sign except the Sign of Jonah (16:1-4)
- Beware of yeast (16:5–12)
- Peter's confession (16:13–20)
- Predicting His Death and Resurrection (16:21-26)
- Return of the Son of Man (16:27–28)
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Codex Vaticanus (325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450)
- Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (6th century)
- Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus (6th century; extant verses 1-6)
- Codex Sinopensis (6th century; extant verses 1-18)
Matthew 15 ends with Jesus sending the multitude of his followers away and He and his disciples sail to Magdala (or Magadan) on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. In Matthew 16:1 the Pharisees and Sadducees come to him, presumably in the same location. Theologian John Gill suggests that "these were Galilean Sadducees and Pharisees, of whom mention is made in the Misna".
Matthew 16:5 refers again to travel to "the other side", and verses 16:13-20 are set "in the region of Caesarea Philippi". This location is the furthest point north referred to in Matthew's Gospel, and marks the turning point from which Jesus and his disciples will travel south to Jerusalem.
Pharisees and Sadducees (16:1–12)
- The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.
The opposition to Jesus' teaching this time came from a coalition of Pharisees and Sadducees, whose theological views and policies were markedly different from each other, but who were forced to co-operate as members of Sanhedrin, the Jewish supreme court. Biblical commentator Arthur Carr suggests that the formation of this coalition "can only be accounted for by the uniting influence of a strong common hostility against Jesus".
Peter's Confession (16:13–20)
- When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?
- "Region" (Ancient Greek: μέρη, merē, the plural form of , "part, portion, share"): The King James Version refers to the "coasts" of Caesarea Philippi, although Caesarea Philippi is not in the vicinity of a sea, in the sense of "borders" or "regions". The regions of Caesarea Philippi are called "the northern coasts of the land of Israel", marking "the most northerly point" reached by Jesus Christ in his ministry.
The Textus Receptus has Greek: τινα με λεγουσιν, tina me legousin, but the με is omitted by Westcott-Hort. Hence translations vary as to whether Jesus' question is set out in the first person or third person:
- Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am? - New King James Version,
- Who do people say I am? - Easy-to-Read Version
- Who do people say that the Son of Man is? - American Standard Version, NABRE, Revised Standard Version
- Simon Peter answered and said, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."
This answer from Peter combined a traditional Jewish title of "Messiah" (Greek: Christos, "Christ") meaning "annointed" (which is a royal title), with a Greek title "Son of ... God" for a ruler or divine leader (a favorite of the first Roman Emperor Augustus, among others), which is also another Hebrew royal title (see Psalm 2:7).
Death and Glory (16:21–28)
- Matthew 15:39
- Gill's Exposition of the Bible on Matthew 16, accessed 24 January 2017
- Matthew 16:1 KJV
- France 1994, p. 925.
- Carr, A. (1893), Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Matthew 16, accessed 14 September 2019
- Matthew 16:13 NKJV
- Barnes, Albert. Notes on the Bible - Matthew 16. James Murphy (ed). London: Blackie & Son, 1884.
- Bengel, Johann. Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Matthew 16. Accessed 24 April 2019.
- Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Matthew 16. Accessed 28 April 2019.
- Matthew 16:16 NKJV
- Coogan 2007, p. 32 New Testament.
- France 1994, p. 926.
- Coogan, Michael David (2007). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195288810.
- France, R. T. (1994). "Matthew". In Carson, D. A.; France, R. T.; Motyer, J. A.; Wenham, G. J. (eds.). New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4, illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Inter-Varsity Press. pp. 904–945. ISBN 9780851106489.
- Matthew 16 English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Matthew 16 King James Bible - Wikisource
- Matthew 16 NIV. Bible Gateway
| Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
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