Matthew 22

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Matthew 22
Minuscule 544 GA f54v.jpg
Gospel of Matthew 22:32-44 on Minuscule 544, from 13th century.
BookGospel of Matthew
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1

Matthew 22 is the twentieth-second chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible. Jesus continues his final ministry in Jerusalem before the Passion. Teaching in the Temple,[1] Jesus enters into debate successively with the Pharisees, the Herodians and the Sadducees, ultimately silencing them all.

The narrative can be divided into the following subsections:

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 46 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Old Testament references[edit]

The Wedding Feast (22:1–14)[edit]

The theme of replacement is very strong here, when those who had been invited but refused the repeated invitations and even murdered the messengers, were substituted by the new people from unlikely group, from the street corners including both good and bad, as the guests.[4]

Roman Taxation (22:15–22)[edit]

The trap was laid for Jesus concerning the Roman poll-tax, which was fiercely opposed by patriotic Jews, but Jesus exposed those who carried the denarius as hypocrites, because the coin bears Caesar's idolatrous portrait with the inscription "Son of God".[5]

The Resurrection (22:23–33)[edit]

The Sadducees held no belief in afterlife, because they maintained that it was not taught in any of Moses' five books, the only authoritative Scriptures they accepted, but Jesus pointed out that the basis of the belief in resurrection can be found within the books of Moses, such as in Exodus 3:6.[5]

The Greatest Commandment (22:34–40)[edit]

The combination of Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18 was a brilliantly creative idea, as it brings the focus on the two halves of the Ten Commandments as a foundation of life, and sums up that duty as love, that is, a God-like attitude beyond the specific requirements of the Law.[5]

'Son of David?' (22:41–46)[edit]

Jesus was warning the people against judging his ministry in traditional terms, because far from being enthroned in Jerusalem as king like David, he would soon be put to death on the cross, where he would be known at last not as a Son of David (a title that ceases to exist), but as 'Son of God' (Matthew 27:54).[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Matthew 21:23
  2. ^ a b c d Coogan 2007, p. 43 New Testament.
  3. ^ Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 839. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  4. ^ France 1994, p. 932.
  5. ^ a b c France 1994, p. 933.
  6. ^ France 1994, pp. 933–934.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Matthew 21
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 23