Matthew 6

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Matthew 6
Meister des Lehrbuchs Kaiser Maximilians I. 001.jpg
The Lord's Prayer, in Matthew 6:9, 1500, Vienna.
BookGospel of Matthew
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1

Matthew 6 is the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. This chapter contains the middle portion of the Sermon on the Mount, including the Lord's Prayer.[1]

Text[edit]

Lectionary 239 Folio 39 verso with the Greek text of Matthew 6:14-21 (13th century)

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 34 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:[a]

Structure[edit]

The first part of this chapter, Matthew 6:118, deals with the outward and inward expression of piety, referring to almsgiving, private prayer and fasting.[2] This part of the chapter, sometimes called the "Discourse on Ostentation",[citation needed] goes over the three most important outward expressions of Jewish piety, alms giving, prayer, and fasting. Jesus endorses the standard teachings that these acts are important. Throughout this section he stresses that worship and piety should not be ostentatious, and ideally should be done in secret. He strongly contravenes those who make public displays of their piety, which can be understood as teaching that those who are pious to impress others will only impress people, and will do nothing to impress God.

Matthew 6:1934 deals with possessions and the issues of priorities and trust.[2] The first part in Matthew 6:1924 has three elements about two treasures, two eyes and two masters. The second part in Matthew 6:2534 deals with trust in God and also has three elements and provides reasons for not being anxious.[2]

In John Wesley's analysis of the Sermon on the Mount, chapter five outlines "the sum of all true religion", allowing this chapter to detail "rules for that right intention which we are to preserve in all our outward actions, unmixed with worldly desires or anxious cares for even the necessaries of life" and the following chapter to provide "cautions against the main hinderances of religion".[3] Wesley further analyses chapter 6 as follows:

  • Verses 14: the right intention and manner of giving alms
  • Verses 515: the right intention, manner, form, and prerequisites of prayer
  • Verses 1618: the right intention, and manner of fasting
  • Verses 1934: the necessity of a pure intention in all things, unmixed either with the desire of riches, or worldly care, and fear of want.[4]

Verses[edit]

Literary references[edit]

In the 2007 book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows by J. K. Rowling, it is written that the inscription on the tombstone of Ariana Dumbledore reads "Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also".[5] This is taken from the King James Version of Matthew 6:21 or Luke 12:34, which are identical.[6][7]

Early manuscripts[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The extant Codex Alexandrinus and Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus do not contain this chapter due to lacuna.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, David L. Matthew 2008 ISBN 0-8010-2684-9 p. 210.
  2. ^ a b c Talbert, Charles H. 2010 Matthew ISBN 0-8010-3192-3 pp. 87–91.
  3. ^ Wesley, J., Sermon 21, Upon Our Lord's Sermon on the Mount: Discourse One, accessed 10 August 2019
  4. ^ Wesley, J., Wesley's Notes on Matthew 6, accessed 15 August 2019
  5. ^ Rowling, J. K. (2007). Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. Book 7 (illustrated ed.). Arthur A. Levine Books. p. 326. ISBN 978-0-54501022-1.
  6. ^ Garcia, Elena (19 October 2007). "Harry Potter author reveals books' Christian allegory, her struggling faith". Christian Today. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
  7. ^ Egerton, Joe (26 November 2010). "From Harry Potter to Jesus Christ". Thinking Faith. Retrieved 7 April 2019.

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Matthew 5
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 7