Matthew Black

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Rev Matthew Black FBA FRSE[1] (3 September 1908, Kilmarnock[2] – 2 October 1994, St Andrews) was a Scottish minister and biblical scholar. He was the first editor of the journal, New Testament Studies.[3]


He was born in Kilmarnock the son of James Black. He attended Kilmarnock Academy.[4]

After earning an M.A. and B.D. in Old Testament at the University of Glasgow, Black then studied at the University of Bonn and returned to the University of Glasgow for his D.Litt.[5]

From 1942 to 1947 he was minister of Dunbarney.

From 1952 to 1954 he was Professor of Biblical Criticism and Antiquities at Edinburgh University and from 1954 to 1978 Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism at St Andrews University.[6]

In 1968 he was President of the Society of Old Testament Studies.

He died in St Andrews in Fife.

New Testament Work[edit]

Together with Kurt Aland, Carlo Maria Martini, Bruce M. Metzger and Allen Wikgren, Black served on the editorial committee that established the Greek text and critical apparatuses in the standard hand editions of the Greek New Testament: the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (26th edition, published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft first in 1979 and revised in 1983) and the United Bible Societies' The Greek New Testament (3rd edition, published by the United Bible Societies in 1983).

Other publications[edit]

  • Rituale Melchitarum (1938)
  • A Christian Palastinum Syriac Horologian (1954)
  • The Scrolls and Christian Origins (1961)
  • An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts (1967)


He married Ethel M. Hall in 1938.[7]

Baylor University Collection[edit]

Baylor University in Waco, Texas holds Mathew Black's personal library.[8] Baylor purchased the collection from Professor Black in the late 1980s under the agreement the books would be delivered upon Black's death. While the collection was not kept physically together, there is a note on each bibliographic record listing important information. The Scholar's Collection (housed in Baylor's main library, Moody) contains Professor Black's papers.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index (PDF). I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Matthew Black 3.9.1908–2.10.1994
  4. ^
  5. ^ Garland, David E. (2007). "Black, Matthew". In McKim, Donald K. Dictionary of major biblical interpreters (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8308-2927-9.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^