Matthew James Bryza
|United States Ambassador to Azerbaijan|
December 29, 2010 – December 2011
|Preceded by||Anne E. Derse|
|Succeeded by||Richard L. Morningstar|
|Born||February 16, 1964|
|Alma mater||The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University (MALD)|
Stanford University (B.A.)
|Awards||Fletcher Young Alumni Award (2004);|
Order of the Golden Fleece, Georgia (2009);
Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Fourth Class, Republic of Estonia (2010)
Bryza graduated from Stanford University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in International relations and obtained his Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy of Tufts University in 1988.
Beginning of the foreign service
Bryza joined the United States Foreign Service in August 1988. He then served in Poland in 1989-1991 at the U.S. Consulate in Poznań and the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw, where he covered the Solidarity movement, reform of Poland’s security services, and regional politics. From 1991 through 1995, he worked on European and Russian affairs at the State Department. Bryza served at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow during 1995-1997, first as special assistant to Ambassador Thomas R. Pickering and then as a political officer covering the Russian Duma, Communist Party of the Russian Federation, and the Republic of Dagestan in the North Caucasus. He was recalled from Moscow after he allegedly hit a pedestrian in August 1997. From 1997 through 1998, Bryza was special advisor to Ambassador Richard Morningstar, coordinating U.S. Government assistance programs on economic reforms in Caucasus and Central Asia. Starting from July 1998, he served as the Deputy Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State on Caspian Basin Energy Diplomacy, coordinating the U.S. Government's inter-agency efforts to develop a network of oil and gas pipelines in the Caspian region.
European and Eurasian Affairs
In April 2001, Bryza joined the United States National Security Council as Director for Europe and Eurasia, with responsibility for coordinating U.S. policy on Turkey, Greece, Cyprus, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Caspian energy. In June 2005, he assumed duties of Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs. He was responsible for policy oversight and management of relations with countries in the Caucasus and Southern Europe. He also led U.S. efforts to advance peaceful settlements of separatist conflicts of Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Additionally, he coordinated U.S. energy policy in the regions surrounding the Black and Caspian Seas and worked with European countries on issues of tolerance, social integration, and Islam.
In August 2009, Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) Chairman Ken Hachikian sent a letter to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton outlining the concerns of the Armenian American community regarding what he called the recent "biased remarks by Matt Bryza" the U.S. Co-Chair to the OSCE Minsk Group charged with helping to negotiate a settlement of the Nagorno Karabagh conflict.
Appointment as Ambassador to Azerbaijan
In May 2010, the White House appointed Bryza as the United States Ambassador to Azerbaijan. On September 21, 2010, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved his ambassadorial nomination and sent it to the Senate floor. In a SFRC roll call vote, Democratic Senators Robert Menendez of New Jersey and Barbara Boxer of California who are Armenian Caucus members tried to block the nomination voting against Bryza's appointment. On December 29, 2010, Bryza's appointment by President Obama was confirmed by the White House as a recess appointment. He served as ambassador to Azerbaijan starting from February 2011.
In January 2012 Bryza left the post and the foreign service as the Senate did not confirm his nomination due to the opposition by Armenian-American lobbying groups who alleged his ties with the Azerbaijani government. Washington Post editor Fred Hiatt described it as a "vivid example of how the larger U.S. national interest can fall victim to special-interest jockeying and political accommodation".
Post foreign service career
Bryza works as a consultant on business and democratic development, and is a board member of several private companies in Turkey. In June 2012, Bryza was appointed board member of Turcas Petrol, an affiliate of SOCAR.
Since March 1, 2012, Bryza has been appointed the Director of the International Centre for Defense Studies, a Tallinn-based think thank. In August 2012, he became board member of the Jamestown Foundation.
- "Biography of Matthew J. Bryza. Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs". Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "U.S. Envoy in Moscow Recalled After His Car Hits Pedestrian". Los Angeles Times. 1997-08-21. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Official Press Release of A.N.C.A." Armenian National Committee of America and Hairenik Press. August 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- Shahin Abbasov (2010-05-21). "Matthew Bryza Named New US Ambassador to Azerbaijan". Eurasia.net. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "President Obama Announces Recess Appointments to Key Administration Posts". White House. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- "Matthew Bryza appointed U.S. Ambassador to Azerbaijan". Today.az. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- Iran and Azerbaijan, Already Wary Neighbors, Find Even Less to Agree On June 5, 2012
- Solash, Richard (2011-12-29). "U.S. Ambassador To Azerbaijan Leaving Post". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
- "Matthew Bryza Joins Jamestown Board" (Press release). Jamestown Foundation. 2012-08-15. Retrieved 2012-08-16.
- "Matthew Bryza to work at SOCAR's Turcas Petrol company". APA. 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2012-10-25.
- "After Azerbaijan Matthew Bryza begins working in Estonia". Vestnik Kavkaza. 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- Rikken, Kristopher (2012-03-02). "Veteran US Envoy to Post-Communist Europe Becomes Director of Think Tank". ERR. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Matthew J. Bryza, F88". Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Armenian lobby made me their 'target' - Bryza". News.az. 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
- "Ambassador". American Embassy in Baku. Archived from the original on 2013-03-30. Retrieved 2011. Check date values in:
Anne E. Derse
| United States Ambassador to Azerbaijan