Matthew Dixon (British Army officer)
|Matthew Charles Dixon|
Depiction of the Siege of Sebastopol
|Born||5 February 1821
|Died||8 January 1905 (aged 83)
|Buried||Kensal Green Cemetery, London|
Order of the Bath
Major General Matthew Charles Dixon VC CB (5 February 1821 – 8 January 1905) was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
He was the eldest son of Major-General Matthew Charles Dixon RE (1791–1860) and his second wife Emma Dalton (1794–1853) and was born in France on 5 February 1821.
He entered the British Army in 1839, was promoted to Lieutenant in 1841, and to Captain in 1848.
On 17 April 1855 at Sebastopol, the Crimea, at about 2pm the battery commanded by Captain Dixon was blown up by a shell from the enemy which burst in the magazine, destroying the parapets, killing or wounding 10 men, disabling five guns and covering a sixth with earth. The captain reopened fire with the remaining gun and continued firing it until sunset, despite the heavy concentration of fire from the enemy's batteries and the ruined state of his own.
As well as the VC, he received the 5th class of the Medjidie and the Turkish Medal and was made a Knight of the Légion d'honneur.
On 13 May 1862 he married Henrietta Letitia Eliza Bosanquet (1834–1926), daughter of Admiral C.J. Bosanquet of Wildwood. They had no family and his medal is in the possession of a descendant of his sister, Frances Maria Clarke née Dixon.
On leaving the army he took up residence at "Woodgate", Pembury (near Tonbridge) and lived there until his death on 7 January 1905 aged 84. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery on 12 January. His wife survived him by 21 years.