Matthew Dixon (British Army officer)

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Matthew Charles Dixon
The Battle of Sebastopol.png
Depiction of the Siege of Sebastopol
Born 5 February 1821
Avranches, Basse-Normandie
Died 8 January 1905 (aged 83)
Pembury, Kent
Buried Kensal Green Cemetery, London
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major General
Unit Royal Artillery
Battles/wars Crimean War
Awards Victoria Cross
Order of the Bath
Légion d'honneur

Major General Matthew Charles Dixon VC CB (5 February 1821 – 8 January 1905) was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

He was the eldest son of Major-General Matthew Charles Dixon RE (1791–1860) and his second wife Emma Dalton (1794–1853) and was born in France on 5 February 1821.

Military career[edit]

He entered the British Army in 1839, was promoted to Lieutenant in 1841, and to Captain in 1848.

He was 34 years old, and a Captain in the Royal Regiment of Artillery, British Army during the Crimean War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 17 April 1855 at Sebastopol, the Crimea, at about 2pm the battery commanded by Captain Dixon was blown up by a shell from the enemy which burst in the magazine, destroying the parapets, killing or wounding 10 men, disabling five guns and covering a sixth with earth. The captain reopened fire with the remaining gun and continued firing it until sunset, despite the heavy concentration of fire from the enemy's batteries and the ruined state of his own.[1]

As well as the VC, he received the 5th class of the Medjidie and the Turkish Medal and was made a Knight of the Légion d'honneur.

He was promoted to Major and Lt-Colonel in 1855, Colonel in 1862 and retired from the Royal Artillery in 1869 with the honorary rank of Major-General. He later achieved the rank of Major General.

Later life[edit]

On 13 May 1862 he married Henrietta Letitia Eliza Bosanquet (1834–1926), daughter of Admiral C.J. Bosanquet of Wildwood. They had no family and his medal is in the possession of a descendant of his sister, Frances Maria Clarke née Dixon.

On leaving the army he took up residence at "Woodgate", Pembury (near Tonbridge) and lived there until his death on 7 January 1905 aged 84. He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery on 12 January. His wife survived him by 21 years.


  1. ^ "No. 21971". The London Gazette. 24 February 1857. p. 655. 

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