Matthew Lipman (August 24, 1922 in Vineland, New Jersey – December 26, 2010 in West Orange, New Jersey) is recognized as the founder of Philosophy for Children. His decision to bring philosophy to young people came from his experience as a professor at Columbia University, where he witnessed underdeveloped reasoning skills in his students. His interest was particularly on developing reasoning skills by teaching logic. The belief that children possess the ability to think abstractly from an early age, led him to the conviction that bringing logic to children's education earlier would help them to improve their reasoning skills.
In 1972 he left Columbia for Montclair State College to establish the Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children (IAPC) where he began to take philosophy into K-12 classrooms in Montclair. That year he also published his first book specifically designed to help children practice philosophy, Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery. The IAPC continues to develop and publish curriculum, working internationally to advance and improve philosophy for children.
What Happens in Art (New York: Appleton Century Crofts, 1967).
Discovering Philosophy (1st edition, New York: Appleton Century Crofts, 1969; 2nd edition, Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall, 1977).
Contemporary Aesthetics (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1973).
Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery (N.J.: IAPC, 1974).
Philosophical Inquiry (Instructional Manual to Accompany Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery), with Ann Margaret Sharp (N.J.: IAPC, 1975). Second Edition: Philosophical Inquiry, with Ann Margaret Sharp and Frederick S. Oscanyan (N.J.: IAPC, 1979), co published with University Press, 1984.
Philosophy for Children (edited with Terrell Ward Bynam) (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1976).
Lisa (N.J.: IAPC, 1976), 2nd edition, IAPC, 1983.
Ethical Inquiry, with Ann Margaret Sharp and Frederick S. Oscanyan (N.J.: IAPC, 1977) 2nd ed., IAPC and UPA, 1985.
Philosophy in the Classroom, with Ann Margaret Sharp and Frederick S. Oscanyan (1st edition, N.J.: IAPC, 1977. 2nd edition, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1980).
Growing Up With Philosophy, ed. with Ann Margaret Sharp (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1978).
Suki (N.J.: IAPC, 1978).
Mark (N.J.: IAPC, 1980).
Writing: How and Why (instructional manual to accompany Suki; N.J.: IAPC, 1980).
Social Inquiry (instructional manual to accompany Mark; N.J.: IAPC, 1980).
Pixie (N.J.: IAPC, 1981).
Kio and Gus (N.J.: IAPC, 1982).
Looking for Meaning (with Ann Margaret Sharp) (N.J.: IAPC, 1982) UPA, 1984.
Wondering at the World (with Ann Margaret Sharp) (N.J.: IAPC, 1984).
Elfie (N.J.: IAPC, 1987).
Harry Prime (N.J.: IAPC, 1987).
Philosophy Goes to School (Philadelphia: Temple U. Press, 1988).
Getting Our Thoughts Together, with Ann Gazzard (Upper Montclair, NJ: IAPC, 1988).
Thinking in Education (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991; 2nd edition, 2003).
Thinking Children and Education (Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt, 1993).
Natasha: Vygotskian Dialogues (New York: Teachers College Press, 1996).
Nous (New Jersey, I.A.P.C., 1996)
Deciding What to Do (Instructional Manual to Nous, New Jersey;IAPC, 1996)