Matthew White Ridley, 1st Viscount Ridley
|The Right Honourable|
The Viscount Ridley
29 June 1895 – 12 November 1900
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||Herbert Henry Asquith|
|Succeeded by||Charles Ritchie|
25 July 1842|
28 November 1904 (aged 62)|
Blagdon Hall, Northumberland
Hon. Mary Georgiana Marjoribanks |
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
Matthew White Ridley, 1st Viscount Ridley, PC, DL (25 July 1842 – 28 November 1904), known as Sir Matthew White Ridley, 5th Baronet from 1877 to 1900, was a British Conservative statesman. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1895 to 1900.
Background and education
Ridley was born in London, the eldest son of Sir Matthew White Ridley, 4th Baronet and his wife the Hon. Cecilia Anne, daughter of James Parke, 1st Baron Wensleydale and his wife Cecilia Arabella Frances Barlow. He was educated at Harrow and Balliol College, Oxford. After graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in 1865, he was a Fellow of All Souls for nine years.
In 1868, he was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Northumberland North, and held this seat until the 1885 general election, when he was defeated in his attempt to stand for the new seat of Hexham. At the 1886 general election he contested Newcastle-upon-Tyne, again unsuccessfully, but returned to Parliament in an 1886 by-election at Blackpool. Having been Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department for two years in Disraeli's administration, Sir Matthew Ridley (as he became when he succeeded his father as fifth baronet in 1877) was Financial Secretary to the Treasury in Lord Salisbury's interim government of 1885 to 1886. In 1895, after the fall of Lord Rosebery's ministry, and having already failed in April of that year to be elected Speaker of the House of Commons, Ridley became Home Secretary, and held this post until his retirement in 1900. He was that same year created Viscount Ridley and Baron Wensleydale, of Blagdon and Blyth in the County of Northumberland.
Lord Ridley married Mary Georgiana Marjoribanks (1850 – 14 March 1909), daughter of Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth and his wife Isabella Weir-Hogg, on 10 December 1873. They were parents to five children:
- Matthew White Ridley, 2nd Viscount Ridley (6 December 1874 – 14 February 1916)
- Cecilia Marjorie Ridley (1879 – 16 August 1896)
- Hon. Stella Ridley (born 1884), married Rupert Gwynne
- Hon. Sir Jasper Nicholas Ridley (6 January 1887 – 1 October 1951). He was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.
- Hon. Grace Ridley (1889 – 22 September 1959), married Roundell Palmer, 3rd Earl of Selborne.
Styles of address
- 1842-1868: Mr Matthew White Ridley
- 1868-1877: Mr Matthew White Ridley MP
- 1877-1892: Sir Matthew White Ridley Bt MP
- 1892-1900: The Right Honourable Sir Matthew White Ridley Bt MP
- 1900-1904: The Right Honourable The Viscount Ridley PC[a]
- Although The Viscount Ridley is the 5th Ridley Baronet of Blagdon, by custom the post-nominal of Bt is omitted, since Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.
- Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1895). Armorial Families: A Complete Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage. p. 1033. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- "No. 27257". The London Gazette. 18 December 1900. p. 8538.
- Lucas, Reginald; Ridley, Jane (2004). "Ridley, Matthew White, first Viscount Ridley (1842–1904)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35754. Retrieved 27 June 2009. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Ridley