Matthias Jakob Schleiden
Matthias Jakob Schleiden
|Died||23 June 1881 (aged 77)|
|Known for||The cell theory|
|Institutions||University of Jena, University of Dorpat|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Schleid.|
Matthias Jakob Schleiden (German pronunciation: [maˈtiːas ˈjaːkɔp ˈʃlaɪ̯dn̩]; 5 April 1804 – 23 June 1881) was a German botanist and co-founder of cell theory, along with Theodor Schwann and Rudolf Virchow.:387
Matthais Jacob Schleiden was born in Hamburg, Germany, on 5 April 1804. His father was the municipal physician of Hamburg. Schleiden pursued legal studies graduating in 1827. He then established a legal practice but after a period of emotional depression and an attempted suicide, he changed professions.
He studied natural science at the University of Göttingen in Göttingen, Germany, but transferred to the University of Berlin in 1835 to study plants. Johann Horkel, Schleiden's uncle, encouraged him to study plant embryology.
He soon developed his love for botany into a full-time pursuit. Schleiden preferred to study plant structure under the microscope. As a professor of botany at the University of Jena, he wrote Contributions to our Knowledge of Phytogenesis (1838), in which he stated that all plants are composed of cells. Thus, Schleiden and Schwann became the first to formulate what was then an informal belief as a principle of biology equal in importance to the atomic theory of chemistry. He also recognized the importance of the cell nucleus, discovered in 1831 by the Scottish botanist Robert Brown, and sensed its connection with cell division.
Die Entwickelung der Meduse ("The Development of the Medusae"), in Schleiden's Das Meer
Schleiden was an early advocate of evolution. In a lecture on the "History of the Vegetable World" published in his book The Plant: A Biography (1848) was a passage that embraced the transmutation of species. He was one of the first German biologists to accept Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. He has been described as a leading proponent of Darwinism in Germany.
- Dudenredaktion; Kleiner, Stefan; Knöbl, Ralf (2015) [First published 1962]. Das Aussprachewörterbuch [The Pronunciation Dictionary] (in German) (7th ed.). Berlin: Dudenverlag. pp. 481, 587, 764. ISBN 978-3-411-04067-4.
- Krech, Eva-Maria; Stock, Eberhard; Hirschfeld, Ursula; Anders, Lutz Christian (2009). Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch [German Pronunciation Dictionary] (in German). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 621, 731, 905. ISBN 978-3-11-018202-6.
- Garrison, Fielding Hudson (December 8, 2013). An Introduction to the History of Medicine, with Medical Chronology, Bibliographic Data and Test Questions - Primary Source Edition. Nabu Press. pp. 387–404, 416. ISBN 1295393166. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
- "Matthias Jacob Schleiden (1804–1881) | The Embryo Project Encyclopedia". embryo.asu.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
- Trisha Creekmore. "The Science Channel :: 100 Greatest Discoveries: Biology". Discovery Communications. Archived from the original on 2006-10-24. Retrieved 2006-10-17.
- Mathias Jacob Schleiden, Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1804-1881)". The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University.
- Glick, Thomas F. (1988). The Comparative Reception of Darwinism. University of Chicago Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-226-29977-5
- IPNI. Schleid.
- Short biography and bibliography in the Virtual Laboratory of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
- Schwann, Theodor and Schleyden, M. J., Microscopical researches into the accordance in the structure and growth of animals and plants. London: Printed for the Sydenham Society, 1847.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. .
- Ernst Wunschmann (1890), "Schleiden, Matthias Jacob", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 31, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 417–421
- "Search for 'Schleid.'". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved February 18, 2009. Unknown parameter
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