Matthias Johann Eisen

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Memorial stone of Matthias Johann Eisen in his birthplace Oese village.

Matthias Johann Eisen (28 September 1857 – 6 August 1934) was an Estonian folklorist and in 1920–1927 served as the Professor of Folk Poetry at University of Tartu.

Eisen is most known for his very thorough collection and a systematic typology of Estonian folk tales, totalling over 90,000 pages.