Matthias Platzeck

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Matthias Platzeck
Grundsteinlegung-schiffshebewerk-ndf-2009-37.jpg
Platzeck in 2009
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
25 November 2005 – 10 April 2006
General SecretaryHubertus Heil
Preceded byFranz Müntefering
Succeeded byKurt Beck
President of the Federal Council
In office
1 November 2004 – 31 October 2005
PresidentJohannes Rau
Horst Köhler
DeputyDieter Althaus
Preceded byDieter Althaus
Succeeded byPeter Harry Carstensen
Minister President of Brandenburg
In office
26 June 2002 – 28 August 2013
DeputyJörg Schönbohm
Ulrich Junghanns
Johanna Wanka
Helmuth Markov
Preceded byManfred Stolpe
Succeeded byDietmar Woidke
Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Regional Planning of Brandenburg
In office
22 November 1990 – 3 November 1998
Minister PresidentManfred Stolpe
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byEberhard Henne
Mayor of Potsdam
In office
4 November 1998 – 26 June 2002
Preceded byHorst Gramlich
Succeeded byJann Jakobs
Personal details
Born (1953-12-29) 29 December 1953 (age 66)
Potsdam, East Germany
Political partyLDPD (1989)
East Greens (1990)
Alliance 90 (1990–1993)
SPD (1995–present)
Spouse(s)Ute Bankwitz (1978-1984)
Children3
Military service
Allegiance East Germany
Branch/service National People's Army
Years of service1972

Matthias Platzeck (born 29 December 1953) is a German politician. He was Minister President of Brandenburg from 2002 to 2013 and party chairman of the SPD from November 2005 to April 2006.

On 29 July 2013 Platzeck announced his resignation from his office in August for health reasons.

Early life and education[edit]

Platzeck was born in Potsdam as the son of a physician and a medical-technical assistant. After attending Polytechnic Secondary School in Potsdam from 1960 to 1966, he went through Extended Secondary School in Kleinmachnow. Following his Abitur in 1972 and military service he studied biomedical cybernetics at the Technische Universität Ilmenau from 1974 onward. After his diploma in 1979, Platzeck worked at the institute for hygiene in Karl-Marx-Stadt (today Chemnitz) in 1979–1980 and the general hospital in Bad Freienwalde from 1980 to 1982. From 1982 to 1990 he was head of the department for environmental hygiene at the agency for hygiene in Potsdam.

Political career[edit]

Matthias Platzeck in 1991
Matthias Platzeck in 2005

Platzeck co-founded ARGUS, a Potsdam environmental organization, with and at the initiative of Carola Stabe in April 1988. In April 1989, he joined the Liberal Democratic Party of Germany but left it shortly thereafter.[1] He represented ARGUS at the founding of the Grüne Liga association of local environmental organizations in East Germany in November 1989. During the political "Wende" of 1989–1990 that led to German Reunification he was their speaker at the East German Round Table talks. From February to April 1990 he represented the oppositional radical Green Party as Minister without Portfolio in the last non-elected but legitimate government of the GDR. Platzeck was elected member of the Volkskammer in 1990 for the Green Party and was parliamentary secretary of the joined faction of Greens and Bündnis 90 (Alliance 90). In October 1990 Platzeck became a member of the Landtag of Brandenburg for Bündnis 90 (Alliance 90). He was Minister for the Environment in a coalition government with the SPD and FDP from 1990 to 1994, when the coalition broke up.

Rejecting the merger of his party with the West German Green Party he did not join the new party Bündnis 90/Die Grünen in 1993. Instead, he became a member of the SPD on 6 June 1995.

After the break of the Brandenburg coalition in 1994 Platzeck left his faction and remained Minister for the Environment under Minister-president Manfred Stolpe. He became popular nationwide for organizing public support for the affected population during a flood of the Oder river in 1997. In 1998 he was elected mayor of Brandenburg's capital Potsdam and rejected the offer of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder to join the federal cabinet.

In 2000 Platzeck was elected chairman of the SPD in Brandenburg and in 2002 he succeeded Manfred Stolpe as Minister-president. He was re-elected to the Landtag (state parliament) in 2004. With the SPD as strongest political force he could continue his coalition with the CDU. He served as President of the Bundesrat in 2004/05.

When Franz Müntefering resigned as party chairman of the SPD because of internal conflicts, Platzeck was elected party chairman on 15 November 2005 with an overwhelming majority of 99.8 percent.[2] In January, February and April 2006 Platzeck suffered three severe hearing losses. Due to his ill health he resigned from his post as chairman on 10 April 2006, only five months after becoming chairman.

Life after politics[edit]

Both in 2015 and 2016, Platzeck and Bodo Ramelow were appointed as unpaid arbitrators for negotiations between Deutsche Bahn and the German Train Drivers' Union (GDL).[3] In 2016, he also served as unpaid arbitrator for negotiations between German airline Lufthansa and its flight attendants' union.[4]

From 2018 until 2019, Platzeck co-chaired the German government's so-called coal commission, which is tasked to develop a masterplan before the end of the year on how to phase-out coal and create a new economic perspective for the country's coal-mining regions.[5]

In 2019, Platzeck was appointed by the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community to chair the committee that oversaw the preparations for the 30th anniversary of German reunification.[6]

In addition, Platzeck holds a variety of paid and unpaid positions, including the following:

Political positions and controversy[edit]

Platzeck caused controversy in August 2010 when he called the reunification of Germany on 3 October 1990 an Anschluss, the word used by Adolf Hitler to defend the Nazi annexation of Austria in 1938. In response, Chancellor Angela Merkel rejected Platzeck's choice of words and argued that reunification was precisely what east Germans had wanted, not a process forced upon them.[14]

On 18 November 2014, Platzeck called for the international legitimization of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, drawing criticism.[15] His comparison of the deployment of the Bundeswehr to Lithuania as part of the NATO Enhanced Forward Presence with Operation Barbarossa was also criticized.[16]

Personal life[edit]

From 1978 to 1984 Platzeck was married to Ute Bankwitz with whom he has three daughters. In 2007, he married Jeanette Jesorka. The ceremony took place one year later in Temmen-Ringenwalde, with guests including Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Günther Jauch and Andreas Dresen.

Book[edit]

Matthias Platzeck: Zukunft braucht Herkunft. Deutsche Fragen, ostdeutsche Antworten. Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-455-50114-8

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Platzeck kurze Zeit in der LDPD". Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2020-02-06.
  2. ^ Dempsey, Judy (2005-11-16). "In Germany, leaders arising from the East". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  3. ^ Ramelow und Platzeck machen’s nochmal Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, December 30, 2016.
  4. ^ Jens Flottau (June 30, 3016), Platzeck gelingt Schlichtung Süddeutsche Zeitung.
  5. ^ Andreas Franke (June 6, 2018), Germany launches commission tasked to develop coal exit masterplan S&P Global Platts.
  6. ^ 30 Jahre Friedliche Revolution und Deutsche Einheit Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community, press release of April 3, 2019.
  7. ^ Jens Blankenagel (May 7, 2015), Neuer Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender bei Papierhersteller Leipa Platzeck geht in die Wirtschaft Berliner Zeitung.
  8. ^ Board German-Russian Forum].
  9. ^ Huber leitet das Kuratorium Garnisonkirchen – Stiftung kann mit Spendensammlung beginnen Foundation for the Reconstruction of the Garrison Church, press release of June 22, 2009.
  10. ^ Board of Trustees
  11. ^ Advisory Board Archived 2017-04-02 at the Wayback Machine Jewish Film Festival Berlin & Brandenburg (JFBB).
  12. ^ Organizational Structure Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES).
  13. ^ Board of Trustees Schloss Neuhardenberg Foundation.
  14. ^ Quentin Peel (September 30, 2010), Germany: An unequal union Financial Times.
  15. ^ Andreas Heinemann-Grüder: Putins Krieg im Osten. Beschwichtigen oder abschrecken? in: Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik. 8, Nr. 4, October 2015, p. 573–588. doi:10.1007/s12399-015-0535-z.
  16. ^ Warum Platzeck irrt: über Russland und über Brandts Ostpolitik. Vorwärts, 24 February 2017; accessed 6 February 2020.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Franz Müntefering
Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
2005-2006
Succeeded by
Kurt Beck