Matthias of Arras

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Matthias of Arras
Busta Matyáš z Arrasu.jpg
Bust of Matthias in the St. Vitus Cathedral by Peter Parler.
Bornc. 1290
Arras, Kingdom of France (present-day France)
Died1352
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic)
NationalityFrench
Known forArchitecture
Notable workSt. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
MovementGothic

Matthias of Arras (c.1290–1352), sometimes spelled as Matthew of Arras (Czech: Matyáš z Arrasu, German: Matthias von Arras, French: Mathieu d'Arras) was a French architect, famed for his work on St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague.

Matthias was born in Arras, but little else is known about his early life. In 1344 he was summoned to Prague from the papal court of Avignon by Charles IV to lead works on the newly founded Saint Vitus Cathedral. He is also widely recognized as the architect of Karlstein Castle, although this fact is not fully authenticated. His involvement in the design of the New Town of Prague is also not completely certain.

When Matthias died at Prague in 1352, Saint Vitus Cathedral was not yet completed. The role of its master mason and Charles' head architect fell to then twenty-three years old Peter Parler.

Literature[edit]

  • Mencl Václav: Czech Architecture of the Luxemburg Period, Artia, Prague, 1955
  • České umění gotické, Prague, 1970
  • V. Mencl: Poklasická gotika jižní Francie a Švábska a její vztah ke gotice české. In Umění 19, 1971, page 217.
  • A. Merhautová: Katedrála sv. Víta v Praze, Prague 1994
  • Y. Gallet: "Autoportrait et représentation de soi au Moyen Âge : le cas de Matthieu d’Arras à la cathédrale de Prague", In: Le Moyen Âge, t. 122-1 : Autoportrait et représentation de l’individu, 2016, p. 41-65.
  • Y. Gallet: "L’escalier d’Ulrich von Ensingen à la cathédrale de Strasbourg et ses rapports avec l’œuvre de Matthieu d’Arras à la cathédrale de Prague", In: J. Chlíbec and Z. Opačić (eds.), Setkávání. Studie o středověkém umění věnované Kláře Benešovské, Prague, Artefactum / Ústav dějin umění, 2015, p. 97-109.
  • Y. Gallet: "Matthieu d’Arras et l’Alsace. Les relations architecturales entre les cathédrales de Strasbourg et Prague avant Peter Parler", In: Bulletin de la cathédrale de Strasbourg, XXX, 2012, p. 19-40.

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