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Edwards's botanical register (Plate 25) (7949439164).jpg
Matthiola sp. (artist: Sarah Ann Drake)
Scientific classification


See text.

Wild Matthiola, Behbahan
Wild Matthiola, Behbahan
Matthiola in Behbahan
Matthiola in Behbahan

Matthiola (/ˌmæθiˈlə/,[1] syn. Mathiola R.Br.), is a genus of flowering plants in the mustard family. It was named after Pietro Andrea Mattioli. This genus contains about 48[2] to 50 species[3][4] of annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous plants and subshrubs. Many are cultivated for their heavily scented, colorful flowers.

Matthiola fruticulosa ssp. fruticulosa

The common name stock may be applied to the whole genus, more specifically to varieties and cultivars of Matthiola incana. The common names evening stock and night-scented stock are applied to varieties of Matthiola longipetala (syn. M. bicornis).[5] The common name Virginia stock refers to a separate genus of the same family (Malcolmia maritima).





  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book. 1995. 606–07.
  2. ^ Jaén-Molina, R., et al. (2009). The molecular phylogeny of Matthiola R. Br.(Brassicaceae) inferred from ITS sequences, with special emphasis on the Macaronesian endemics. Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(3) 972-81.
  3. ^ Matthiola. Flora of China.
  4. ^ Sanchez, J. L., et al. (2005). Genetic differentiation of three species of Matthiola (Brassicaceae) in the Sicilian insular system. Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine Plant Systematics and Evolution 253(1-4) 81-93.
  5. ^ RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  6. ^ Dirmenci, Tuncay; Satil, Fatih; Tümen, Gülendam (2006). "A new species of Matthiola R. Br. (Brassicaceae) from Turkey". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 151 (3): 431–435. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2006.00518.x.


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