Matthys Cock

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Matthijs Wellens de Cock
Matthijs Cock - Pictorum 1610.jpg
Matthijs Cock
Born1505, Antwerp
Died1548 (aged 42–43), Antwerp
Known forPainting and drawing

Matthys Cock or Matthijs Wellens de Cock (c. 1505 – 1548) was a Flemish landscape painter and draughtsman. He is known for his landscapes, marine art and architectural drawings.[1]


He was born into a family of painters: his father was the Leiden-born painter Jan Wellens de Cock (1490–1527), and his younger brother Hieronymus Cock (1510–1570) became a famous engraver. Cock may have visited Italy. He took on pupils Willem van Santvoort, Jacob Grimmer and Jan Keynooghe.[2][1]

A portrait of Cock was included in the 1572 collection of portraits of early Netherlandish painters entitled Pictorum aliquot celebrium Germaniae inferioris effigies with a poem about his landscapes by Dominicus Lampsonius.[2]


Only one signed painting of a landscape by his hand is known. He is mainly known for his drawings of landscapes. His younger brother Hieronymus engraved 13 of his landscapes and published them in 1558 under the title 'Landscapes with Biblical and Mythological Scenes' (the longer Dutch title is: ‘‘Various sorts of landscapes with fine histories composed therein, from the Old and New Testaments, and several merry Poems, very convenient for painters and other connoisseurs of the arts).[3][4] The early biographer Karel van Mander stated in the Schilder-boeck of 1604 that Cock was the first to bring the southern manner of landscape painting to the North.[2] His landscapes show that he was aware of the work of Titian and the Venetian draughtsman Domenico Campagnola. He was the first to specialise in the depiction of villages and country retreats.[5]

Landscape with Castle above a Harbour, 1540

Cock has been suggested as one of the likely draughtsmen of the Errara sketchbook in the collection of the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium but this attribution is not generally accepted.[6][3]


  1. ^ a b Matthijs Cock at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)
  2. ^ a b c van Mander, Karel, Het leven van Mathijs en Ieroon Kock, Schilders van Antwerpen [The life of Mathijs and Ieroon Kock, Painters of Antwerp] (in Dutch), retrieved 13 November 2012
  3. ^ a b Hans Devisscher and Timothy Riggs. "Cock." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 14 Jun. 2014
  4. ^ Larry Silver, 'Peasant Scenes and Landscapes: The Rise of Pictorial Genres in the Antwerp Art Market', University of Pennsylvania Press, 31 Jan, 2012, p. 6
    Original Latin and Dutch titles: Variae variarum regionum typographicae adumbrationes, in publicum pictorum usum a Hieronymo Cock delineatae, in aes incisae, et aeditae. Veelderleye ordinantien van lantschappen, met fyne historien daer in gheordineert, wt den ouden ende nieuwen testamente, ende sommighe lustighe poeteryen, seer bequaem voer Schilders, ende andere liefhebbers der consten : nu eerst nieu in de printe ghebracht, ende gemaect by Ieronumus Cock Schilder : men salse vinden
  5. ^ Leopoldine van Hogendorp Prosperetti, 'Landscape and Philosophy in the Art of Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568-1625)', Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2009, p. 106-107
  6. ^ Meester van het Errera-Schetsboek at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (in Dutch)

External links[edit]

Media related to Matthys Cock at Wikimedia Commons