|Full name||Matuzalém Francelino da Silva|
|Date of birth||10 June 1980|
|Place of birth||Natal, Brazil|
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|2002–2003||→ Brescia (loan)||30||(0)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 16 April 2016 (UTC)|
Matuzalém Francelino da Silva (born 10 June 1980), commonly known as just Matuzalém, is a Brazilian footballer. He is an offensive playmaking midfielder known for his passing, creativity, and technique, which earned him the nickname "The Professor". His usual position is that of a central midfielder, although he is also capable of playing as an attacking midfielder, or as a left midfielder.
Matuzalém began his career at Salvador-based Vitória and quickly established his place in lower level of the Brazil national team. Known as a goalscoring midfielder,[according to whom?] he first emerged in the 1997 FIFA World Youth Championship in Egypt. There, he scored three goals in six games, including a critical goal in the final match.
In 1999, Matuzalém left Vitória to join Napoli in Italy, via Parma, in a temporary deal, where he remained for two seasons, the first spent in Serie B and the second season in what would be Napoli's last in Serie A for six years. The club signed Matuzalém in co-ownership deal for 5 billion lire in summer 2000. Matuzalém was a regular starter at Napoli, but only scored twice during his tenure in Naples.
Piacenza and Brescia
Following his Napoli spell, Matuzalém was bought back by Parma, subsequently reselling half of his rights to Piacenza in another co-ownership deal in the summer of 2001, for 6 billion Lire (€3,098,741).) Matuzalém stayed at Piacenza alongside Amauri, Nicola Mora and Matteo Guardalben, all of which were also partly owned by Parma.
With Piacenza at 2001–02 season, the team finished 14th in the league. In the opening round of the season, Matuzalém became the first foreigner to score for Piacenza in the Serie A. In June 2002, Parma reacquired all of his rights again.
The second season of the loan spell saw Matuzalém switch to Brescia on loan, where he played nearly every match and the deal was made permanent at season's end. However, he only lasted one more year, before Ukrainian giants Shakhtar Donetsk signed him.
In June 2004, Shakhtar Donetsk signed Matuzalém from Brescia, paying Brescia €8,000,000, Matuzalém's agents €3,750,000 and €221,092 to Matuzalém's former clubs as solidarity contribution. It was a Ukrainian record at the time. After the transfer of Anatoliy Tymoschuk to Zenit Saint Petersburg, he became the new captain of the club for the 2006–07 season and was voted the club's Player of the Year.
Real Zaragoza and breach of contract saga
On 2 July 2007, Matuzalém notified in writing Shakhtar of the fact that he unilaterally terminated their contractual relationship with immediate effect. On 5 July, Shakhtar replied Matuzalém and/or his new club should pay the sum in the release clause of €25 million, or Shakhtar would start legal action. The actual phrasing in the contract, however, stated that Shakhtar would be under an obligation to release him if the new club offered to pay that amount. It was not, strictly speaking, a penalty clause.
On 18 July, however, he was presented as Real Zaragoza's newest signing. Shakhtar informed Zaragoza to request the club to pay the fee. After played four games and scoring once, Matuzalém was reported injured since September 2007 and returned in March 2008. He finished the season with 14 appearances.
Matuzalém's case was considered by FIFA Dispute Resolution Chamber (DRC) on 2 November 2007, which ruled Matuzalém and Zaragoza jointly and severally liable, ordering payment of €6,800,000 to Shakhtar. On 19 March 2008, however, Shakhtar appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), as the club perceived the fee set by FIFA DRC as too low. On 20 March, Matuzalém and Zaragoza also made an appeal to CAS for the compensation. On 19 May 2009, the CAS ordered Matuzalém to pay €11,858,934 to Shakhtar for breach of contract. The decision was upheld by the Swiss Federal Tribunal. Zaragoza also later paid €500,000 to Shakhtar on 1 September 2010.
Neither Matuzalém or Zaragoza were able to pay the ordered compensation. For this reason, further sanctions, including banning Matuzalém from all football-related activities, were imposed by FIFA on 31 August 2010. This FIFA decision was appealed to the CAS but was rejected on 29 June 2011. The CAS decision was appealed to the Swiss Federal Tribunal. In its decision rendered on 27 March 2012, the Swiss Federal Tribunal annulled the CAS decision, as they found the ban on Matuzalém "a severe infringement of [his] right to privacy". The Tribunal also questioned whether the sanction was likely to lead to the payment of the compensation, which was the stated purpose of the ban. The compensation to be paid to Shakhtar was not affected by this case. This remains the only case where a CAS decision has been overturned based on the merits of the case.
In July 2008, Matuzalém returned to Italy after four years, joining Lazio on a season-long loan with an option to buy at the end of the season for €13 million (plus VAT). Injuries plagued his season, though when fit he established a place for himself in the centre of the Lazio midfield alongside Cristian Ledesma. He claimed some silverware as Lazio won their fifth Coppa Italia, however a booking in the semi-final against Juventus meant he missed the final against Sampdoria. At the end of the season, Lazio exercised the option to keep him on a permanent basis, but for €5,310,000 on a five-year contract.
- Campeonato do Nordeste: 1997, 1999
- ""Doppio regista", Matuzalem prova a convincere Reja" (in Italian). TuttoMercatoWeb.com. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "Rosa Piacenza 2001-02" (in Italian). StoriaPiacenza1919.it. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "ESCLUSIVA - Il professor Matuzalem sale in cattedra, Lucescu: "E' il più forte giocatore che ho allenato... Lo Shakhtar? La FIFA intervenga presto, ma deve pagare il Saragozza"". lalaziosiamonoi.it (in Italian). Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "Lazio, senti Matuzalem: "Rischiai il carcere, ora sono felice"" (in Italian). TuttoMercatoWeb.com. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
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- "Liverpool a caccia di Rui Costa" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 20 May 2002. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- "CAS 2008/A/1519 – FC Shakhtar Donetsk (Ukraine) v/ Mr. Matuzalem Francelino da Silva (Brazil) & Real Zaragoza SAD (Spain) & FIFA
CAS 2008/A/1520 – Mr. Matuzalem Francelino da Silva (Brazil) & Real Zaragoza SAD (Spain) v/ FC Shakhtar Donetsk (Ukraine) & FIFA" (PDF). Court of Arbitration for Sport. 19 May 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 July 2009. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
- "Zaragoza get Pavón and Matuzalem". UEFA. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
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- "FIFA Dispute Resolution Chamber Decision (Labour Disputes 117623)" (PDF). FIFA. 2 November 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
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- "FIFA takes note of Matuzalem decision". FIFA.com. 19 May 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- Swiss Federal Tribunal 4A_320/2009 of 2 June 2010
- Roy Levy: Swiss Federal Tribunal overrules CAS award in a landmark decision: FIFA vs Matuzalem Archived 25 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- Corriere dello Sport: Ufficiale – Matuzalem e` della Lazio[permanent dead link]
- "Infermeria". SS Lazio (in Italian). 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "Comunicato" (in Italian). SS Lazio. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "Bilancio S.S. LAZIO SpA 30-06-2014" (PDF) (in Italian). SS Lazio. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- Genoa CFC SpA bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 31 December 2013 ‹See Tfd›(in Italian), PDF purchased from Italian CCIAA
- "Matuzalem al Bologna" (in Italian). Bologna F.C. 1909. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
- "Numerazione delle maglie 2014-15" (in Italian). Bologna F.C. 1909. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
- "Serie A Veteran MatuzalÃ©m Joins Miami FC". NASL. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- "TRANSACTIONS". NASL. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- "Matuzalém". Soccerway. Retrieved 3 January 2016.