Matvei Petrovich Bronstein

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Matvei Petrovich Bronstein
Matvey Bronshtein.jpg
Matvei Petrovich Bronstein
Born(1906-11-29)29 November 1906
Died18 February 1938(1938-02-18) (aged 31)
NationalitySoviet
Known forQuantum gravity
cGh physics
Spouse(s)Lydia Chukovskaya
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics

Matvei Petrovich Bronstein (Russian: Матве́й Петро́вич Бронште́йн, December 2 [O.S. November 19] 1906, Vinnytsia – February 18, 1938) was a Soviet theoretical physicist, a pioneer of quantum gravity,[1] author of works in astrophysics, semiconductors, quantum electrodynamics and cosmology, as well as of a number of books in popular science for children.

Career and personal life[edit]

He introduced the cGh scheme for classifying physical theories. "After the relativistic quantum theory is created, the task will be to develop the next part of our scheme, that is to unify quantum theory (with its constant h), special relativity (with constant c), and the theory of gravitation (with its G) into a single theory."[2]

He was married to Lydia Chukovskaya, a writer, prominent human rights activist, and a friend of Andrei Sakharov.

During the Great Purge, in August 1937 while was living in his apartment at 38 Rubinstein Street, St. Petersburg, Bronstein was arrested. He was convicted by a list trial (Russian: "по списку") in February 1938 and executed the same day in a Leningrad prison. His wife was told that he was sentenced to 10 years of labor camps without the right of correspondence.

Bronstein's books for children "Solar Matter" (Солнечное вещество), "X Rays" (Лучи X), "Inventors of Radio" (Изобретатели радио) were republished after his reputation had been rehabilitated posthumously on 9 May 1957. In 1990, his wife had a monument erected in the Levashovo Memorial Cemetery where he had probably been buried.

The "Bronstein Prize in Loop Quantum Gravity" is offered to post-doctoral scholars in the field,[3] the inaugural winner of which was Eugenio Bianchi in 2013.

Solar Matter[edit]

Samuil Marshak, a renowned children’s writer and outstanding editor, scouted Bronstein to write a popular science book for teens. Bronstein chose to describe spectral analysis, but it took many attempts as well as Marshak's advice to determine the best plot in which the story could relate a history of helium.

Solar Matter (Солнечное вещество) was first published in the Koster magazine in 1934 and then in book form in April 1936,[4]. whereupon Bronstein made an inscription on a copy to L. Chukovskaya, his copy editor, “To my dear Lida, without whom I would have never been able to write this book.” Later, Chukovskaya wrote that the history of helium had become intertwined in her and Bronstein’s life, “The work on the book brought us closer. In fact, the book got us married."

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bronstein, Matvei (2011). "Republication of: Quantum theory of weak gravitational fields". General Relativity and Gravitation. 44: 267–283. Bibcode:2012GReGr..44..267B. doi:10.1007/s10714-011-1285-4. S2CID 122107821.
  2. ^ Bronstein, M. P. "K voprosu o vozmozhnoy teorii mira kak tselogo" ("On the Question of a Possible Theory of the World as a Whole"), in Uspekhiastronomitcheskihnauk. Sbornik, No. 3 (Moscow: ONTI, 1933) p. 3–30, as quoted and translated in Gorelik (2005) loc. cit.
  3. ^ "Bronstein Prize". bronsteinprize.org. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
  4. ^ Горелик Г. Е., Френкель В. Я. (1990). Матвей Петрович Бронштейн: 1906—1938 (PDF). Moscow: Наука. pp. 210–218.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]