Matzuva

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Matzuva
מַצּוּבָה
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • official Mazzuva
 • unofficial Matzuba
Mezuba.JPG
Matzuva is located in Israel
Matzuva
Matzuva
Coordinates: 33°3′47.87″N 35°9′29.52″E / 33.0632972°N 35.1582000°E / 33.0632972; 35.1582000Coordinates: 33°3′47.87″N 35°9′29.52″E / 33.0632972°N 35.1582000°E / 33.0632972; 35.1582000
District Northern
Council Mateh Asher
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1940
Founded by German Jews
Population (2015)[1] 1,116
Kibbutz Matzuva, 1946

Matzuva (Hebrew: מַצּוּבָה‎), also known as Matzuba, is a kibbutz in the Western Galilee in northern Israel. Located south of the development town of Shlomi, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Asher Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 1,116.[1]

History[edit]

The village was established in 1940 by immigrants from Germany, members of the Maccabi HaTzair youth movement. It was named after the nearby Pi Matzuba known in antiquities, a place mentioned in the Tosefta (Shevi'it 4:8-ff.) and in the 3rd century Mosaic of Rehob.[2] The name is believed to have been derived from mṣwbh, a Semitic root, meaning "pyramid; pyramidal pile".[3]

After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, it expanded on land belonging to the Palestinian village of al-Bassa, which was depopulated in that war.[4]

Economy[edit]

Due to economic problems, the kibbutz textile factory closed down in 2003.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Haltrecht, Ephraim (1948). "Pi-ha-Masuba". Bulletin of the Jewish Palestine Exploration Society: Israel Exploration Society: 43. JSTOR 23727325. (Registration required (help)). .
  3. ^ p. 103 in: Zadok, Ran (1995–1997). "A Preliminary Analysis of Ancient Survivals in Modern Palestinian Toponymy". Mediterranean Language Review. 9: 93–171. Retrieved 20 June 2017 – via JSTOR. (Registration required (help)). 
  4. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. 
  5. ^ Employees petition to liquidate Kibbutz Matzuva