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Mau

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Mau
City
Mau is located in Uttar Pradesh
Mau
Mau
Coordinates: 25°56′30″N 83°33′40″E / 25.94167°N 83.56111°E / 25.94167; 83.56111Coordinates: 25°56′30″N 83°33′40″E / 25.94167°N 83.56111°E / 25.94167; 83.56111
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictMau
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
Area
 • Total20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
278,745
 • Density13,937/km2 (36,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
275101
Telephone code+0547
Vehicle registrationUP-54
Sex ratio978 (as of 2011) /
Websitewww.mau.nic.in

Mau, now known as Maunath Bhanjan, is an industrial town and the headquarter of the Mau district. It is located in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, India. The town is known for its saree industry which is a traditional business and centuries old art of the people of this city.[1]

History

From historical and archaeological point of views, Mau is one of the oldest places in the region. Ancient cultural and archaeological remains have been found at multiple places in the area giving enough evidence of long history of human habitat in the area. The known archaeological history of Mau is about 1500 years old, when the entire area was covered under thick dense forest. The nuts who used to live along Tamsa river, are considered to be the oldest inhabitants and the ruler of the area.[2]

As per the records on official webpage of the district, in 1028 A.D. King Syed Shalar Masood Ghazi came with a huge army to conquer the area but he went back to Afghanistan, living few of his people in the area. A Sufi saint Baba Malik Tahir and his brother Malik Qasim were part of the remaining group. There are places like Malik Tahir Pura and Qasim Pura in the name of these two saints in Mau city. The tomb of Malik Tahir is also present in Malik Tahir Pura and locally known as Mazaar Malik Tahir Baba.[3]

Around 1540- 1545, Sher Shah Suri, the famous emperor who defeated Humayun, during his reign visited Kolhuvavan (Madhuban) to meet the great Sufi saint Syed Ahmad Wadva.[4] Mahvani, one of the daughters of Sher Shah had settled permanently near the dargah of Syed Wadva. The area also finds place in the historical book of Ziyaudeen Barni with a description that the great Mughal emperor Akbar passed through Mau on his way to Allahabad. At that time, labourer and artisans originally belonging to Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey, who had come with Mughal army settled here permanently. These artisans integrated into the society over a period of time but they kept their art alive and despite a gradual demise of the handloom industry in the eastern Uttar Pradesh, the saree industry of Mau still remains the last bastion of handicraft in the area otherwise an industrially thriving region till the end of last century. It is also believed that one of Akbar's daughter, Jahan Aara had also settled in that area where she built a mosque. The original structure of the mosque is not surviving anymore but place is known as Shahi Qatra and there is a Shahi Mosque in that locality reminding of its past glory.[5]

Thakur Bariasan Dev Ji.jpg

During the Indian freedom struggle, the people of Mau had given full support to the movement, and Mahatma Gandhi had also made a visit to Doharighat region of the district in 1939.[6]

In 1932, Azamgarh was made independent district, Mau region was a part of it until 1988 when the current area of Mau district was carved out of Azamgarh to make a separate district. On 19 November 1988, Mau became a separate district in which the then Union Minister of State of India (Power) Kalpnath Rai played a pivotal role. He is also credited to start an array of developmental activities in the city including new Railway Station and a stadium.[7]

Economy

Mau is industrial town of eastern UP. After demise of textile industry of Banares and Mubarakpur, Mau stands as one of the last bastion of textile hubs of UP. A 1998–99 survey of Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) puts number of powerlooms at 58,381.[8]

There are speculations that this huge industry will benefit if GI is awarded to Mau as well as if clusters (of powerlooms, resembling modern industry) are encouraged. But as of date only one cluster has been identified as Palki Industries Pvt. Ltd. with 4100 units as per MSME survey of 2012.[9] Mau also contains three small industrial areas in Tajopur, Shahadatpura and Ghosi.[10]

Weather

Climate data for Mau
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
26
(79)
33
(91)
39
(102)
42
(108)
40
(104)
34
(93)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
29
(84)
25
(77)
33
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 9
(48)
11
(52)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(75)
20
(68)
14
(57)
10
(50)
19
(67)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
9
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
96
(3.8)
144
(5.7)
162
(6.4)
201
(7.9)
24
(0.9)
3
(0.1)
6
(0.2)
675
(26.6)
Source: [Mau Weather]

Demographics

Religions in Mau[11]
Religion Percent
Muslims
56.76%
Hindus
42.98%
Jains
0.02%
Buddhists
0.01%
Others†
0.21%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.001%), Christians (<0.001%).

As per the census of 2011, Mau had a population of 278,745 of which 142,967 are males while 135,778 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 42216 which is 15.15% of total population of Mau. Female Sex Ratio is of 950 against state average of 912 and Child Sex Ratio in Mau is around 952 compared to Uttar Pradesh state average of 902. Literacy rate of Mau city is 77.13% which is higher than the state average of 67.68%. Male literacy is around 82.37% while female literacy rate is 71.60%.

Mau is a Nagar Palika Parishad city and it's divided into 36 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Mau Nagar Palika Parishad has total administration over 41,078 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Nagar Palika Parishad limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.[12] In 2001 census, Mau had a population of 1,853,997 of which males were 933,523 and remaining 920,474 were females with the population density of 1087 people per km2.

There are 978 Females for every 1000 Male and child sex ratio of girls is 946 per 1000 boys in Mau, Which is above the national average of 940.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.business-standard.com/article/markets/up-s-silk-saree-sector-gets-a-raw-deal-105062901045_1.html
  2. ^ https://mau.nic.in/about-district/history/
  3. ^ https://mau.nic.in/about-district/history/
  4. ^ "Sufi saint's abode now Uttar Pradesh don's den". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  5. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/Sufi-saints-abode-now-dons-den/articleshow/11830609.cms
  6. ^ https://mau.nic.in/about-district/history/
  7. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/in-mau-a-complex-tapestry-of-caste-and-religion/article2879547.ece
  8. ^ "GI Tag: Varanasi-Mau-Bhadohi leading in UP". Smetimes.in. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Government of India : Ministry of MSME : District Industrial Profile of Mau District" (PDF). Dcmsme.gov.in. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  10. ^ "An Official Site of District MAU". Mau.nic.in. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  11. ^ Census 2011 http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/801200-maunath-bhanjan-uttar-pradesh.html. Retrieved 1 June 2017. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Census of India: Primary Census Abstract". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  13. ^ "An Official Site of District MAU". Mau.nic.in. Retrieved 5 October 2015.

External links